Paulet Island
Wfm antarctic peninsula islands.png
Map of Graham Land, showing Paulet Island (10)
Paulet Island is located in Antarctica
Paulet Island
Paulet Island
Location in Antarctica
Geography
LocationAntarctica
Coordinates63°35′S 55°47′W / 63.583°S 55.783°W / -63.583; -55.783Coordinates: 63°35′S 55°47′W / 63.583°S 55.783°W / -63.583; -55.783
ArchipelagoJoinville Island group
Length1.5 km (0.93 mi)
Width1.5 km (0.93 mi)
Administration
Administered under the Antarctic Treaty System
Demographics
PopulationUninhabited
Paulet Island
Paulet.Is.Dec.04.jpg
Paulet Island, December 2004
Highest point
Elevation353 m (1,158 ft)[1]
Prominence353 m (1,158 ft)
Coordinates63°35′S 55°47′W / 63.583°S 55.783°W / -63.583; -55.783[1]
Geography
LocationAntarctic Peninsula, Antarctica
Geology
Mountain typeCinder cone[1]
Last eruptionUnknown

Paulet Island is a circular island about 1.5 km (0.93 mi) in diameter, lying 4.5 km (2.8 mi) south-east of Dundee Island, off the north-eastern end of the Antarctic Peninsula. Because of its large penguin colony, it is a popular destination for sightseeing tours.

Description

The island is composed of lava flows capped by a cinder cone with a small summit crater. Geothermal heat keeps parts of the island ice-free, and the youthful morphology of the volcano suggests that it was last active within the last 1,000 years.[1] The island is part of the James Ross Island Volcanic Group.[2]

Historic monuments

Paulet Island was discovered by a British expedition (1839–1843) under James Clark Ross and named by him for Captain the Right Honorable Lord George Paulet, Royal Navy.

In 1903 during the Swedish Antarctic Expedition led by Otto Nordenskiöld his ship Antarctic was crushed and sunk by the ice off the coast of the island. A stone hut built in February 1903 by shipwreck survivors, together with the grave of an expedition member, and the cairn built on the highest point of the island to draw the attention of rescuers, have been designated a Historic Site or Monument (HSM 41), following a proposal by Argentina and the United Kingdom to the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting.[3] The shipwrecked crew of the Endurance original plan was to travel to the island and use stores there that were left by the above Swedish Expedition but the ice pack that they were stranded on eventually drifted too far east.[4]

Important Bird Area

The island has been identified as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International because it supports a very large breeding colony of about 100,000 pairs of Adélie penguins. Other birds known to nest on the island include imperial shags, snow petrels and kelp gulls.[5]

small lake in crater
small lake in crater

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Paulet". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution.
  2. ^ "Geological Map of James Ross Island" (PDF). Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  3. ^ "List of Historic Sites and Monuments approved by the ATCM (2012)" (PDF). Antarctic Treaty Secretariat. 2012. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
  4. ^ Armstrong, Jennifer (1998). Shipwreck at the Bottom of the World. Knopf a imprint of Random House Children's Books, a division of Random House LLC, a Penguin Random House Company.
  5. ^ "Paulet Island". BirdLife data zone: Important Bird Areas. BirdLife International. 2013. Retrieved 12 January 2013.

Bibliography