Peach County
Peach County Courthouse in Fort Valley
Peach County Courthouse in Fort Valley
Map of Georgia highlighting Peach County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 32°34′N 83°50′W / 32.56°N 83.83°W / 32.56; -83.83
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedJuly 18, 1924; 97 years ago (1924-07-18)
Named forPeach fruit
SeatFort Valley
Largest cityFort Valley
Area
 • Total151 sq mi (390 km2)
 • Land150 sq mi (400 km2)
 • Water1.0 sq mi (3 km2)  0.7%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
27,297
 • Density184/sq mi (71/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district2nd
Websitewww.peachcounty.net

Peach County is a county located in the central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,695.[1] Its county seat is Fort Valley.[2] Founded in 1924, it is the state's newest county, taken from Houston and Macon counties on July 18 of that year.[3] Its namesake is the peach on account of it being located in a peach-growing district.[4]

Peach County is included in the Warner Robins, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Macon-Warner Robins, GA Combined Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 151 square miles (390 km2), of which 150 square miles (390 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.7%) is water.[5] It is the fifth-smallest county in Georgia by area.

The majority of Peach County is located in the Lower Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. A small portion of the northern edge of the county, north of Byron, is located in the Upper Ocmulgee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin. The very western tip of Peach County is located in the Upper Flint River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin (Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin).[6]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
193010,268
194010,3781.1%
195011,70512.8%
196013,84618.3%
197015,99015.5%
198019,15119.8%
199021,18910.6%
200023,66811.7%
201027,69517.0%
2018 (est.)27,297[7]−1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census

At the 2000 census there were 23,668 people, 8,436 households, and 5,997 families living in the county. The population density was 60/km2 (157/mi2). There were 9,093 housing units at an average density of 23/km2 (60/mi2). The racial makeup of the county was 51.27% White, 45.37% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.83% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 4.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[12]

Of the 8,436 households 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.00% were married couples living together, 19.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 22.60% of households were one person and 7.80% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.14.

The age distribution was 26.00% under the age of 18, 14.90% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 9.80% 65 or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.80 males.

The median household income was $34,453 and the median family income was $41,570. Males had a median income of $33,357 versus $24,440 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,031. About 15.20% of families and 20.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.50% of those under age 18 and 13.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

At the 2010 census, there were 27,695 people, 9,958 households, and 6,934 families living in the county.[13] The population density was 184.3 inhabitants per square mile (71.2/km2). There were 11,050 housing units at an average density of 73.5 per square mile (28.4/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 48.3% white, 45.9% black or African American, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 3.2% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 6.8% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 11.0% were American, 7.1% were English, and 5.8% were Irish.[15]

Of the 9,958 households, 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 19.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.4% were non-families, and 24.8% of households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 33.3 years.[13]

The median household income was $41,014 and the median family income was $53,708. Males had a median income of $40,919 versus $29,328 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,681. About 19.1% of families and 25.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 44.6% of those under age 18 and 14.0% of those age 65 or over.[16]

2020 census

Peach County racial composition[17]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 12,119 43.31%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 12,139 43.38%
Native American 63 0.23%
Asian 194 0.69%
Pacific Islander 6 0.02%
Other/Mixed 913 3.26%
Hispanic or Latino 2,547 9.1%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 27,981 people, 10,136 households, and 6,596 families residing in the county.

Education

Main article: Fort Valley, Georgia § Education

Communities

Politics

The county is considered a bellwether politically.[18]

United States presidential election results for Peach County, Georgia[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 6,506 51.82% 5,922 47.17% 126 1.00%
2016 5,413 50.34% 5,100 47.43% 239 2.22%
2012 5,287 45.83% 6,148 53.29% 102 0.88%
2008 5,173 46.20% 5,927 52.94% 96 0.86%
2004 4,554 53.24% 3,961 46.31% 39 0.46%
2000 3,525 49.39% 3,540 49.60% 72 1.01%
1996 2,676 39.63% 3,582 53.05% 494 7.32%
1992 2,327 33.37% 3,677 52.73% 969 13.90%
1988 2,782 48.00% 2,972 51.28% 42 0.72%
1984 2,652 44.05% 3,369 55.95% 0 0.00%
1980 1,642 31.76% 3,415 66.05% 113 2.19%
1976 1,163 22.57% 3,989 77.43% 0 0.00%
1972 3,747 60.83% 2,413 39.17% 0 0.00%
1968 904 23.16% 1362 34.89% 1,638 41.96%
1964 1,970 55.40% 1,585 44.57% 1 0.03%
1960 628 30.47% 1,433 69.53% 0 0.00%
1956 461 23.03% 1,541 76.97% 0 0.00%
1952 374 19.70% 1,523 80.24% 1 0.05%
1948 166 13.91% 642 53.81% 385 32.27%
1944 236 20.43% 919 79.57% 0 0.00%
1940 155 17.24% 738 82.09% 6 0.67%
1936 49 5.91% 767 92.52% 13 1.57%
1932 56 8.54% 595 90.70% 5 0.76%
1928 208 26.67% 572 73.33% 0 0.00%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 15, 2011. Retrieved February 18, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Peach County". georgia.gov. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
  4. ^ Krakow, Kenneth K. (1975). Georgia Place-Names: Their History and Origins (PDF). Macon, GA: Winship Press. p. 172. ISBN 0-915430-00-2.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  17. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  18. ^ David Wasserman (October 6, 2020), "The 10 Bellwether Counties That Show How Trump Is in Serious Trouble", Nytimes.com
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 22, 2018.

Coordinates: 32°34′N 83°50′W / 32.56°N 83.83°W / 32.56; -83.83