Peguis First Nation
Flag of the Peguis First Nation.svg
Flag of Peguis First Nation, created by elder Freda Bear in 1983
PeopleSaulteaux (Ojibway) and Cree
TreatyTreaty 1
Land
Main reservePeguis 1B
Other reserve(s)
Peguis 1C, 1D, 1E, 1F, 1G, 1H, 1I, and St. Peters Fishing Station 1A
Population
On reserve3,521
Off reserve6,504
Total population10,300
Government
ChiefGlenn Hudson[1]
Tribal Council
Interlake Reserves Tribal Council
Website
peguisfirstnation.ca

Peguis First Nation (formerly St. Peter's Band) is the largest First Nations community in Manitoba, Canada, with a population of approximately 10,300 people (3,521 on reserve and 6,504 off reserve).[2] The members of Peguis are of Saulteaux (Ojibway) and Cree descent.[3]

The main reserve, Peguis 1B, is located approximately 196 kilometres north of Winnipeg.[4] The reserve is currently located about 170 km northwest of the original reserve (called St. Peter's). It was moved to its present location in 1907 after an illegal land transfer.

The First Nation is named after Peguis, the chief who led a band of Saulteaux people from present-day Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, area to a Cree settlement at Netley Creek, Manitoba, and later to present-day East Selkirk, Manitoba.[4][5]

History

Chief Peguis and his Band settled in an area north of present-day Selkirk in the late 1700s. Their history is documented in journals of the Hudson's Bay Company, the Lord Selkirk[disambiguation needed] settlers, and the Church Missionary Society. Peguis and other chiefs signed the Selkirk Treaty in 1817. The treaty allocated land along the Red and Assiniboine Rivers to Lord Selkirk and his settlers for an annual rent of tobacco.[6]

On 3 August 1871, Peguis' son Mis-Koo-Kinew (or Henry Prince) signed Treaty 1 on behalf of the St. Peter's Band, the name of the Peguis First Nation at the time.[7] Treaty 1 specified that Peguis would be given 160 acres (0.65 km2) of land for each family of five people.[7]

In 2008, Peguis First Nation announced the finalization of a land claims settlement with the federal Government of Canada. The claim is for land which was surrendered near Selkirk in 1907.[8]

Louis J. Stevenson chief of Peguis from 1988 to 2014
Louis J. Stevenson chief of Peguis from 1988 to 2014

Reserves

Peguis First Nation consists of ten reserves: 1075 Portage Ave - Winnipeg, Peguis 1B, Peguis 1C, Peguis 1D, Peguis 1E, Peguis 1F, Pegius 1G, Peguis 1H, Peguis 1I and St. Peters Fishing Station 1A.[9] The reserves of Peguis total 30657.2 hectares (75755.6 acres) in area.

The largest settlement, which lies on the main reserve (1B), is also named Peguis, Manitoba, and is located at 51°18′15″N 97°33′50″W / 51.30417°N 97.56389°W / 51.30417; -97.56389. The main reserve lies adjacent to the northern borders of the Rural Municipality of Fisher. 1A is at the closest Lake Winnipeg access point near Peguis, the others are located near Selkirk, East Selkirk, Libau and in Winnipeg.

Media

The Peguis First Nation operates a First Nations community radio station, CJFN-FM 102.7.

Floods

2009

Main article: 2009 Red River flood

On 24 March 2009, Peguis First Nation along with Roseau River First Nation, Sioux Falls, St. Andrews, St. Clements and Selkirk, Manitoba, experienced a hydrological flood. The total cost of flood in the region was CAD 40,000,000.[10] 3,000 people were evacuated in the region. It was listed on the Canadian Disaster database.[11]

2010

Heavy rain and high winds in the Interlake Region of Manitoba from 1 to 5 July 2010, caused flooding and evacuation of Peguis First Nation’s 250 residents. Approximately 300 homes on-reserve were damaged and several roads washed out. Most residents were temporarily relocated to Winnipeg and a few near Fisher River Cree Nation.[12]

2011

Main article: 2011 Red River flood

By February 2011, Peguis First Nation were meeting with Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development officials about controlling mould in the 75 homes damaged by flooding.[12] In March 2011, as community piled sandbags in flood preparations, the Peguis First Nation's emergency measures co-ordinator, said Peguis First Nation experienced two major floods since 2009.[13]

Preparation

In 2013, AANDC invested more than CAD$4 million to Peguis First Nation for long-term flood proofing as part of a 2010 commitment to protect 75 homes.[14]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Chief and Council".
  2. ^ "First Nation Profiles". Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada. Retrieved 13 September 2018.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "About Peguis First Nation". Peguis First Nation. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  4. ^ a b "About". Peguis First Nation. Retrieved 2021-08-18.
  5. ^ Thompson, Albert Edward (1973). Chief Peguis and his Descendants. Winnipeg: Peguis Publishers. ISBN 9780919566200.
  6. ^ First Nations Voice (January 3, 2011). Benefits flow to Peguis First Nation. Retrieved: 2013-08-30.
  7. ^ a b Peguis First Nation - Treaty Land Entitlement
  8. ^ Manitoba native band finalizing largest-ever single compensation claim, CBC, May 23, 2008.
  9. ^ Peguis Archived 2007-12-09 at the Wayback Machine, Aboriginal Communities Website.
  10. ^ Canadian Disaster Database (Report). Ottawa, Ontario: Public Safety Canada. 2007. Archived from the original on 2009-03-26.
  11. ^ "Events in the Canadian Disaster Database meet at least one of the following criteria: 10 or more people killed; 100 or more people affected/injured/evacuated or homeless; An appeal for national or international assistance was made; It was an event of historical significance; There was a level of damage/disruption such that the community affected could not recover on its own (PSC,2007)Canadian Disaster Database.
  12. ^ a b "Peguis First Nation Flooding – Chronology of Events". Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada.
  13. ^ "Peguis First Nation ramps up flood preparations". 27 March 2013.
  14. ^ "AANDC Support for First Nations Affected by Flooding in Manitoba". Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development. Archived from the original on 2013-07-06.
  15. ^ http://www.umanitoba.ca/faculties/health_sciences/medicine/units/chs/faculty_and_staff/fac_anderson.html University of Manitoba faculty
  16. ^ [Winnipeg Free Press, 16 September 1989, page 45]
  17. ^ in Wanipowatow, ISBN 1553793072
  18. ^ First Nations Voice November 30, 2016.
  19. ^ http://www.windspeaker.com/news/sports/whl-ranks-swell-with-indigenous-players/ . Windspeaker, December 1, 2016
  20. ^ IMDb
  21. ^ Records of the Nile Voyageurs, 1884-1885; the Canadian Voyageur Contingent in the Gordon Relief Expedition. F.C. Denison. edited by C.P. Stacey. Champlain Society. Toronto. 1959.
  22. ^ The Nile Voyageurs 1884-1885: Manitoba Metis and Indians of the Nile Expedition compiled by L. Barkwell. Louis Riel Institute [1]
  23. ^ Manitoba Historical Society Memorable Manitobans
  24. ^ "William Prince grew up sleeping under the DJ table in community halls". Unreserved, July 3, 2016.
  25. ^ https://www.manitobapost.com/national-news/neeginan-centre-a-catalyst-for-change-114020 by Dorothy Dobie, Manitoba Post, March 21, 2018
  26. ^ "Senators". Senate of Canada. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  27. ^ "Meet the Commissioners". Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  28. ^ The Journal, 2001, page 4
  29. ^ "Poet Joshua Whitehead redefines two-spirit identity in Full-Metal Indigiqueer". Unreserved, December 17, 2017.
  30. ^ https://www.thestar.com/news/insight/2016/09/25/meet-canadas-first-aboriginal-forensic-pathologist.html The Star. "Meet Canada's first aboriginal forensic pathologist". Katie Daubs. Sept. 25, 2016.