Location in Jiangsu
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||1,806 km2 (697 sq mi)|
|• Density||710/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
Pei County, or Peixian (simplified Chinese: 沛县; traditional Chinese: 沛縣; pinyin: Pèi Xiàn), is under the administration of Xuzhou, Jiangsu province, China, bordering the Shandong prefecture-level cities of Jining to the northwest and Zaozhuang to the northeast and sitting on the western shore of Nansi Lake. It has an area of 1,576 square kilometres (608 sq mi) and a population of 1,141,935 in 2010.
Pei County is well known as the place people believe where all the Han culture come from. It is the hometown of Liu Bang 刘邦(Emperor Gao), the founding emperor of the Han dynasty. Also, the hometown of Fan Kuai 樊哙 Liu Bang's oath brother, one of the most well-known lords who helped Liu Bang to overthrow the Qin Dynasty and establish the Han Dynasty. Fan Kuai's descendants are still living in Pei County now.
Xiaopei (小沛) is an ancient Chinese town located in present-day Pei County. In the late Eastern Han dynasty, it was under the jurisdiction of the Xu Province, which was governed by Tao Qian. Before Tao Qian died, he handed his governorship over to Liu Bei. Liu Bei took refuge in Xiaopei when Lü Bu seized the Xu Province from him through deceit.
In the present, Pei County has 15 towns.