Pendle Water
Pendle Water, Barrowford - geograph.org.uk - 505554.jpg
Pendle Water in Barrowford (July 2007)
Location
CountryEngland
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationPendle Hill
Mouth 
 • location
River Calder (Near Burnley)

Coordinates: 53°51′50″N 2°18′32″W / 53.864°N 2.309°W / 53.864; -2.309 Pendle Water is a minor river in Lancashire, England. Rising on Pendle Hill, Pendle Water cuts a deep valley between Barley Moor and Spence Hill where it feeds into the reservoirs of Upper and Lower Ogden.

Upon exiting the lower reservoir Pendle Water flows east through the villages of Barley and Roughlee before collecting Blacko Water which drains the Admergill Valley at Water Meetings near Wheathead, one mile west of the village of Blacko. The river then flows south through Higherford and Barrowford where it is joined by Colne Water. It collects Walverden Water as it passes the site of Nelson and Colne College.

From this point onwards, the river flows west past the Lomeshaye Industrial Estate alongside the Leeds and Liverpool Canal towards its confluence with the River Calder in Reedley Hallows, which is northwest of Burnley. Pendle Water once supplied water to the Burnley Water Treatment Works which is situated on Wood End Lane.

Flooding Incidents

On Tuesday 8 August 1967, a flash flood caused devastation in the villages of Higherford and Barrowford.[1]

Work on the final phase of a £4 million flood alleviation scheme in Barrowford was completed by July 2006. The new flood defences seek to protect up to five hundred homes, and 18,000m² of industrial premises.[2] The new scheme was opened in June 2006 by the then local MP Gordon Prentice, who also unveiled the official plaque at the ceremony.[3]

The scheme was created in a bid to avoid repeats of the severe flood of January 1992 and deluges in both June and November 2000.[4][5] The Environment Agency faced an £900,000 bill to stop the river washing away the embankment which supports the M65 near the Reedyford Bridge at Barrowford, after the spate of flooding in October 2000.[6]

Lomeshaye Marsh

At Lomeshaye, the construction of the industrial estate and the two sewage treatment works that preceded it, has seen the river’s course straightened, with part of the old route still supplied with water by Edge End Brook.[7] Since the beginning of the 1990s, the site has been regenerated into a wetland, one of only a few in the catchment of Pendle Water. Numerous local organisations, including the Lomeshaye Marsh Preservation Group, worked in conjunction with the Environment Agency to restore the site.

It has been declared a local nature reserve and a County Biological Heritage Site, in recognition of its ecological value.[8] The local special school, Pendle Community College, was joint winner of the 2009 Ecover Ethical Kids Award in February 2010 for their involvement with the project.[9]

Main Tributaries

The weir at Roughlee. (November 2007)
The weir at Roughlee. (November 2007)
The old packhorse bridge at Higherford. (September 2017)
The old packhorse bridge at Higherford. (September 2017)

References

  1. ^ Crambie, Geoff (26 November 2014). "The huge flood of Barrowford: 1967". Pendle Today. Johnston Press. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  2. ^ "Barrowford flood scheme". Planning Resource. Haymarket Media Group Ltd. 21 July 2006. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  3. ^ "New flood defences opened". lancashiretelegraph.co.uk. 27 June 2006. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  4. ^ "£5m floods defences to stop misery". lancashiretelegraph.co.uk. 23 June 2006. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
  5. ^ "A Fire Engine and Residents Battle Through Floods". bcthic.org. 10 January 1992. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
  6. ^ "Motorway flood fears". lancashiretelegraph.co.uk. 23 October 2000. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
  7. ^ Lancashire and Furness (Map). 1 : 2500. Plan. Ordnance Survey. 1912. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
  8. ^ North West recreation, biology and conservation anuaul report 2001/02 (PDF), The Environment Agency, 2002, pp. 32–33, retrieved 14 November 2020
  9. ^ "What a field day". The Guardian. 6 February 2010. Retrieved 14 November 2020.

Media related to Pendle Water at Wikimedia Commons

Next confluence upstream River Calder Next confluence downstream River Brun (East) Pendle Water Green Brook (South)