Pensby
Village

Shops on the B5138 Pensby Road, at the junction with Fishers Lane
Pensby
Pensby
Location within Merseyside
Population6,900 (2001 census)
OS grid referenceSJ271829
• London178 mi (286 km)[1] SE
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWIRRAL
Postcode districtCH61
Dialling code0151
ISO 3166 codeGB-WRL
PoliceMerseyside
FireMerseyside
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Merseyside
53°20′17″N 3°05′42″W / 53.338°N 3.095°W / 53.338; -3.095Coordinates: 53°20′17″N 3°05′42″W / 53.338°N 3.095°W / 53.338; -3.095

Pensby (locally /ˈpɛnzbi/) is a large village on the Wirral Peninsula, in Merseyside, England. It is located 1.5 miles (2.4 km) to the north of the town of Heswall and approximately 0.5 miles (0.80 km) to the south west of Thingwall. Historically within Cheshire, the area is part of the Pensby and Thingwall Ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral and is in the parliamentary constituency of Wirral West.

At the 2001 census the village of Pensby had 6,900 inhabitants.[2] The 2011 census measured the population of the Pensby and Thingwall ward at 13,007.[3]

History

The name Pensby comes from Old Norse, meaning a village or settlement at a hill called "Penn".[4][5] The "by" suffix, included in neighbouring place names such as Frankby, Greasby, and Irby, is Viking in origin. Over time, the name has been spelt variously as Penisby (c.1229), Penlisby (1307) and Pemmesby (1523).[6]

Lower Pensby was previously known as Newtown. This was due to the building of new houses around the turn of the twentieth century at the crossroads of Pensby Road and Gills Lane.[7]

The population of the village over time was recorded at 22 in 1801, 48 in 1901 and increasing significantly to 2,996 by 1951.[8]

Geography

Governance

Pensby was formerly a township in the parish of Woodchurch, in the Wirral Hundred. It became a civil parish in 1866. Historically within the county of Cheshire, it was part of the Wirral Rural District from 1894 and Wirral Urban District from 1933. Further changes occurred on 1 April 1974, when local government reorganisation resulted in most of Wirral, including Pensby, transfer from Cheshire to the newly formed metropolitan county of Merseyside.[8][9]

Pensby is represented nationally through the parliamentary constituency of Wirral West. As of 2022, the current Member of Parliament is Margaret Greenwood, a Labour representative. At local government level, it is part of a Pensby and Thingwall Ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral. It is represented on Wirral Metropolitan Borough Council by three councillors.[10] The most recent local elections took place on 6 May 2021.

Community

Schools

Pensby High School
Pensby High School

Pensby's primary schools are Ladymount RC Primary, and Pensby Primary School. The local secondary school is Pensby High School.

Churches

St. Michael and All Angels Church is a Church of England building on Gills Lane. The Emmanuel Holiness Church is an independent Evangelical ministry which is on Heswall Mount. The Holy Family Catholic Church is on Pensby Road.

Leisure

The Hope Centre on Fishers Lane
The Hope Centre on Fishers Lane

Pensby has two community centres, the Hope Centre, adjoining Ridgewood Park on Fishers Lane, and the Kylemore Drive Community Centre. There is also an adult day centre on Somerset Road. Pensby Library is on Pensby Road. The 3rd Heswall Scout group is also based in Pensby.[11]

Public Houses

The Pensby Hotel was the single pub in the village, but after a £500,000 cannabis bust by police, was boarded up and left empty after October 2013. There was a campaign for the building to be listed as a community asset, meaning that the community would have been given six months to prepare a bid for it, which may or may not have been accepted by the owner, but community asset status was rejected by Wirral Council in September 2015. Planning permission was subsequently granted for the demolition of the building and construction of the new care home, and demolition began in October 2016.

Parks and Commons

Pensby Wood and Ridgewood Park are adjacent to Fishers Lane. Arrowe Park is approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) north of Pensby.

Sport

The famous Everton FC footballer Dixie Dean played for Pensby Institute in his early days, on the fields at the side of Gills Lane. He was sold to Tranmere Rovers for the fee of a new kit for the team.[12][13]

Pensby recreation centre and bowling club is on Pensby Road.

Transport

Road

Pensby is on the B5138 Pensby Road, which connects to the A540 and the A551.[14] Junction 3 of the M53 motorway is within two miles of the village.

Bus

Services operating in the Pensby area, as of January 2020:

Number Route Operator Days of Operation
22 Chester - West Kirby Stagecoach Monday-Saturday
175 Heswall-Irby A2B Travel Monday-Saturday
181 Arrowe Park Hospital - Heswall A2B Travel Monday-Saturday
471 Heswall-Liverpool via Irby Arriva North West/Stagecoach Monday-Sunday
472 Barnston/Heswall-Liverpool Arriva North West/Stagecoach Monday-Sunday

Rail

Heswall railway station on the Borderlands line is located approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) south-east of Pensby and provides services between Wrexham and Bidston.

Pensby Hall
Pensby Hall

Landmarks

Pensby Hall is a two storeyed red sandstone dwelling with a slate roof. The windows are a mix of casements and sashes, some of which are mullioned. Built in 1688, with some structural additions to the property in the 19th century, it was designated a Grade II listed building in 1962.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Coordinate Distance Calculator". boulter.com. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  2. ^ "Wirral 2001 Census: Pensby". Metropolitan Borough of Wirral. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
  3. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Pensby and Thingwall Ward (as of 2011) (E05000969)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  4. ^ Sulley, Philip (1889). The Hundred of Wirral. B. Haram & Co.
  5. ^ "Key to English Place-Names: Pensby". University of Nottingham. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  6. ^ "Wirral Historic Settlement Study: Brimstage". Merseyside Historic Characterisation Project. National Museums Liverpool/English Heritage. December 2011. p. 75. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  7. ^ Dawson, Greg (1994). Arwe: The Story of Arrowe, Pensby and the Liverpool Slave Trade. Dawson Publishing. ISBN 0-9522598-1-8.
  8. ^ a b "Pensby". GENUKI UK & Ireland Genealogy. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  9. ^ "Pensby CP/Tn". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
  10. ^ "Your Councillors by Ward". Wirral Borough Council. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  11. ^ "3rd Heswall Scout Group". West Wirral Scouts. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  12. ^ "Everton History - Dixie Dean". bluekipper.com. Archived from the original on 5 April 2008. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
  13. ^ "Everton Past Player Profile: William Ralph Dean". toffeeweb.com. Archived from the original on 12 November 2010. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
  14. ^ "B5138". Sabre. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  15. ^ Historic England. "Pensby Hall (1343516)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 5 April 2021.

Bibliography