This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Greek. (October 2012) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Greek article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 294 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Greek Wikipedia article at [[:el:Πεντέλη Αττικής]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|el|Πεντέλη Αττικής)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Penteli
Πεντέλη
Πανοραμική Νέας Πεντέλης.jpg
Penteli is located in Greece
Penteli
Penteli
Location within the region
2011 Dimos Pendelis.png
Coordinates: 38°03′09″N 23°52′06″E / 38.05250°N 23.86833°E / 38.05250; 23.86833Coordinates: 38°03′09″N 23°52′06″E / 38.05250°N 23.86833°E / 38.05250; 23.86833
CountryGreece
Administrative regionAttica
Regional unitNorth Athens
Government
 • MayorDimitra Kechagia (Ind.)
Area
 • Municipality36.064 km2 (13.924 sq mi)
 • Municipal unit28.878 km2 (11.150 sq mi)
Elevation
422 m (1,385 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Municipality
34,934
 • Municipality density970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
 • Municipal unit
4,995
 • Municipal unit density170/km2 (450/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
152 36
Area code(s)210
Vehicle registrationZ
Website[penteli.gov.gr]

Penteli (Greek: Πεντέλη) is a village and a municipality in the North Athens regional unit, Attica, Greece. It belongs to the Athens rural area. It takes its name from Mount Pentelicus.

Municipality

The municipality Penteli was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 3 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[2]

Geography

Penteli is situated on the southern slopes of the limestone Penteli mountains. The municipality has an area of 36.064 km2, the municipal unit Penteli 28.878 km2.[3] It is 14 km northeast of central Athens. Some of the neighbourhoods of Penteli are Agia Triada, Agios Dimitrios, Daou and Kallithea.

History

The bones of prehistoric animals - mastodons, rhinoceros, antelope, and giraffe, along with giant turtles, hyenas and other animals no longer extant in the area - have been found among the limestone crags of the mountain that looms over the present suburb of Athens. The Penteli mountains were renowned in Classical Greece as well as in the Roman Empire as a source of the marble, which was also used to build the Parthenon. The Romans constructed a 140-foot water tower and aqueduct to supply water to the city of Athens. Penteli is the site of the ancient town of Pentele.[4]

During the Greek War of Independence, the French philhellene Sophie de Marbois-Lebrun, Duchess of Plaisance supported the revolutionary leaders. When she settled in Greece in 1834, she bought large plots of land in Athens and on the Penteli mountain. She had the Rododafni Castle in Penteli built for her.

In July 1995, Penteli was ravaged by a large forest fire. According to Turkish former prime minister, Mesut Yilmaz, many of the forest fires that raged the Greek countryside during that summer were actually started by Turkish secret service agents.[citation needed] The forests of Penteli suffered damage again from the August 2007 fires.

Transport

The area is serviced by Pentelis railway station on the Athens Airport–Patras line.

Historical population

Year Municipal unit Municipality
1981 2,286 -
1991 3,197 -
2001 4,829 -
2011 4,995 34,934

Sights

The monastery of Penteli
The monastery of Penteli

Byzantine monuments

The catholicon of the old Monastery of St.Nicholas (Kallesia-Penteli). A wall painting monument of George Markou the Argus,[6] the great and prolific post-Byzantine ecclesiastic iconographer of the 18th century.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ "ΦΕΚ A 87/2010, Kallikratis reform law text" (in Greek). Government Gazette.
  3. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
  4. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 59, and directory notes accompanying.
  5. ^ Rododafni Castle
  6. ^ ".:BiblioNet : Ανδρέου, Ευάγγελος". www.biblionet.gr. Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  7. ^ ("...Nel 1727, Marcou si trova di nuovo ad Atene, dove assume l’agiografia dei Templi di....e di San Nicola Callision a Pendeli. E evidente, che Marcou acquistò, di nuovo, la conoscenza con il Monastero Pendelis...") Evangelos Andreou [1]

Gallery

  • Center of Penteli
    Center of Penteli
  • Penteli Monastery entrance
    Penteli Monastery entrance
  • Inside the monastery of Penteli
    Inside the monastery of Penteli
  • Penteli fields
    Penteli fields
  • Tourelle tower
    Tourelle tower
  • Penteli fallen residents monument
    Penteli fallen residents monument