Pequonnock River
Upriver view from the Daniels Farm Road bridge in Trumbull, CT.
Location
CountryUnited States
StateConnecticut
CountiesFairfield
Physical characteristics
SourcePequonnock River Watershed
 • locationLantern Drive & CT Route 25, Monroe, Connecticut, United States
MouthBridgeport Harbor Light on Long Island Sound
 • location
Bridgeport, Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States
 • coordinates
41°09′24″N 73°10′48″W / 41.15667°N 73.18000°W / 41.15667; -73.18000Coordinates: 41°09′24″N 73°10′48″W / 41.15667°N 73.18000°W / 41.15667; -73.18000
 • elevation
0 ft (0 m)
Length16.7 mi (26.9 km)
Basin size0.125 sq mi (0.32 km2)
Discharge 
 • locationBridgeport, Connecticut

The Pequonnock River is a 16.7-mile-long (26.9 km)[1] waterway in eastern Fairfield County, Connecticut. Its watershed is located in five communities, with the majority of it located within Monroe, Trumbull, and Bridgeport. The river has a penchant for flooding, particularly in spring since the removal of a retention dam in Trumbull in the 1950s.[2] There seems to be a sharp difference of opinion among historians as to just what the Indian word Pequonnock signifies. Some insist it meant cleared field or open ground; others are sure it meant broken ground; while a third group is certain it meant place of slaughter or place of destruction.[3][4]

Geography

Mouth of Pequannock in Bridgeport
Mouth of Pequannock in Bridgeport

The eastern branch river flows southerly from Monroe through Trumbull past the Old Mine Park Archeological Site and continues to Beardsley Park in Bridgeport, merging at the mouth of Bridgeport Harbor with Long Island Sound at the Bridgeport Harbor Light. [5] The river is dammed in Bridgeport by the Bunnell's Pond Dam (41°12′29″N 73°11′13″W / 41.208°N 73.187°W / 41.208; -73.187)[6] near Connecticut's Beardsley Zoo.

The western branch of the river flows southeasterly in a wide "S" pattern from near the Monroe border with Newtown, Connecticut. The two branches link in Monroe east of the intersection of Route 25 and Purdy Hill Road (41°18′01″N 73°14′45″W / 41.3004°N 73.2458°W / 41.3004; -73.2458). Less than a mile south of that point in Trumbull, a tributary called North Farrars Brook joins the Pequonnock. Hedgehog Creek and Belden Brook in Trumbull flow into the river southwest of the intersection of Route 25 and Daniels Farm Road. The fourth tributary is Booth Hill Brook, also in Trumbull. It merges northeast of the Route 25 interchange with Route 15 (41°14′23″N 73°11′09″W / 41.2396°N 73.1858°W / 41.2396; -73.1858). The fifth and final tributary is Island Brook, which joins the river in Bridgeport south of Bunnell Pond and north of the River Street Bridge (41°11′49″N 73°11′12″W / 41.1970°N 73.1867°W / 41.1970; -73.1867). Island Brook is dammed in Bridgeport by the Forest Lake Dam. (41°13′12″N 73°12′25″W / 41.220°N 73.207°W / 41.220; -73.207)[7][8]

Crossings and navigation

The walking bridge at Old Mine Park Archeological Site.
The walking bridge at Old Mine Park Archeological Site.

There was only a single bridge crossing the river (near the home of Noah Plumb) until after the Revolutionary War.[9] A bridge opened in 1798 and led to the foundation of Bridgeport.[10]

Bridgeport

Trumbull

Liz's bridge in Trumbull.
Liz's bridge in Trumbull.

History

Main articles: History of Trumbull, Connecticut and History of Bridgeport, Connecticut

Pequonnock village

Prior to the arrival of Europeans, the Pequonnock Indians of the Paugussett nation lived on the banks of the river. One village on the west bank of the Pequonnock consisted of about five or six hundred inhabitants in approximately 150 lodgings.[15] The first English settlement on the west bank of the mouth of the Pequonnock was made in about 1665 and was called Pequonnock.[16] This village was renamed Newfield sometime before 1777.[17] During the American Revolution, Newfield was a center of privateering.[18] In 1800, Newfield village was chartered as the borough of Bridgeport, forming the center for the city of Bridgeport.[19]

Mills

Abandoned millstone in Trumbull at the Daniel Hawley site.
Abandoned millstone in Trumbull at the Daniel Hawley site.
Trumbull National Guard Unit Co. C 8th Reg. of the Connecticut National Guard, Commanded by Capt. Charles E. Plumb, circa 1867. The Grist Mill in the background was built by Gideon and Ephraim Hawley in 1722 at White Plains Trumbull
Trumbull National Guard Unit Co. C 8th Reg. of the Connecticut National Guard, Commanded by Capt. Charles E. Plumb, circa 1867. The Grist Mill in the background was built by Gideon and Ephraim Hawley in 1722 at White Plains Trumbull

In January 1722, Gideon and Ephraim Hawley agreed to build or rebuild a mill or mills on the stream of the Pequonnock River at the narrows by White Plain just west of White Plains Road.[20] In the mid-18th century, Daniel Hawley built a mill "at the spring on the Pequonnock River" along White Plains Road just north of Daniels Farm Road in Trumbull Center. Daniel, who resided just northeast of the present bridge, was a grand nephew of Gideon and Ephraim Hawley and great grandson of Ephraim Hawley.

Reuben Fairchild and his brothers, Daniel and Eben built the Fairchild Paper Mill in 1826 at a place commonly called since 1674 as the "Falls" of the Pequonnock River. They were guided in their endeavors by Andrew Tait, who had learned the art of paper making in Scotland. Fairchild Paper Mill was the first mill to make white note paper. The company also ran a boarding house for its female employees. The mill stood to the west of White Plains Road near what is today the entrance to Fairchild Memorial Park.[21][22]

Housatonic Railroad

From 1840 to 1931, a 15-mile (24 km) segment of the Housatonic Railroad ran along much of the river with stations at Bridgeport, North Bridgeport (Lyons), Trumbull, Long Hill, Stepney, Pepper (Pepper Crossing) & Botsford, finally terminating in New Milford, Connecticut. The Railroad also maintained the Parlor Rock Amusement Park.[23][24] The railroad was ripped up and replaced with Connecticut Route 8 up to Trumbull, north of which became Pequonnock River Valley State Park.[25]

Historic events

Recreational activities

Watershed

The Pequonnock River watershed is approximately 80 acres (320,000 m2), located at the head of the river in Monroe where it feeds the Easton Reservoir.[35]

Water quality

The river was measured for E. coli on ten separate dates from May through September 2009. Results concluded that the river is to be considered class B (on the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection rating system[36]) from the watershed through Trumbull and to the entry of Bunnell Pond in Bridgeport. Areas further south on the river such as the Washington Street Bridge and into Bridgeport Harbor have considerably higher levels of e.coli and are correspondingly more polluted.[37]

Other uses of the word Pequonnock

See also

Notes

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map Archived 2012-03-29 at the Wayback Machine, accessed 2011-04-01.
  2. ^ "THE WEEK; Towns Seek Flood-Prevention Solutions". The New York Times. 6 May 2007.
  3. ^ Elsie Nicholas Danenberg, The Story of Bridgeport, The Bridgeport Centennial, Inc., 1936, p. 20
  4. ^ Dorothy Seeley, Tales of Trumbull's Past, Trumbull Historical Society, 1984, p. 337
  5. ^ "Project Information Page". Archived from the original on 2009-06-21. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
  6. ^ [1] Archived January 30, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Pequonnock River Basin, Bridgeport, Connecticut. Forest Lake Dam CT 00078. Phase I Inspection Report. National Dam Inspection Program. Oai.dtic.mil. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  8. ^ "http://www.conservect.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=2wepviV9VVg%3d&tabid=459". conservect.org. Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2014-10-24. ((cite web)): External link in |title= (help)
  9. ^ Samuel Orcutt, A History of the Old Town of Stratford and the City of Bridgeport, Connecticut, Fairfield County Historical Society, 1886), Part 1, p. 589.
  10. ^ Porter E. Sargent, A Handbook of New England, 2d ed. (1917), p. 92.
  11. ^ [2] Archived May 28, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ 117.219 - Pequonnock River. - Subpart B: Specific Requirements - Code of Federal Regulations - Title 33: Navigation and Navigable Waters - July 01, 2010 - Order: 117.219 - 19754990 - Subpart B: Specific Requirements - Id 19754990 - vLex Archived August 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Cfr.vlex.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  13. ^ "Nature's stately beauty amid urban ruins - GreenwichTime". greenwichtime.com. Retrieved 2015-02-04.
  14. ^ "Connecticut Covered Bridges Guide New England Covered Bridge Photographs CT Covered Bridges CTLiving.com". Archived from the original on 2009-01-06. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
  15. ^ Waldo, v1 1917, pp. 2, 14.
  16. ^ Waldo, v1 1917, pp. 14--16.
  17. ^ Orcutt, v1 1886, p. 609.
  18. ^ "Bridgeport, Conn.". The Encyclopedia Americana: a library of universal knowledge. Vol. 4. New York: Encyclopedia Americana Corp. 1918. p. 527. Retrieved 2010-07-29.
  19. ^ Waldo, v1 1917, pp. 37--38.
  20. ^ Orcutt, S.; Fairfield County Historical Society, Bridgeport, Conn (1886). A History of the Old Town of Stratford and the City Bridgeport, Connecticut. Vol. 2. Press of Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor. p. 1030. Retrieved 2015-02-04.((cite book)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  21. ^ Society, T.H. (2004). Trumbull. Arcadia. p. 57. ISBN 9780738534589. Retrieved 2015-02-04.
  22. ^ Orcutt, S.; Fairfield County Historical Society, Bridgeport, Conn (1886). A History of the Old Town of Stratford and the City Bridgeport, Connecticut. Vol. 2. Press of Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor. p. 1060. Retrieved 2015-02-04.((cite book)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  23. ^ Trumbull's Early Public Transportation Archived 2011-04-02 at the Wayback Machine. Trumbullhistory.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  24. ^ "Pequonnock River Greenway". Archived from the original on 2001-09-07. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
  25. ^ Housatonic Rail-Trail in Trumbull (Pequonnock Valley Greenway) | Connecticut Trails. TrailLink.com (2013-06-05). Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  26. ^ Pequonnock River Valley State Park. Nynjctbotany.org (2005-09-24). Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  27. ^ Bridgeport, CT Flood, Jul 1905 | GenDisasters ... Genealogy in Tragedy, Disasters, Fires, Floods.. gendisasters.com (2007-10-22). Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  28. ^ "Sunday Herald - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved 2014-10-24.
  29. ^ (PDF) http://www.nae.usace.army.mil/navigation/publicnotices/10Feb24-Bridgeport.pdf. Retrieved July 29, 2010. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  30. ^ Pequonnock River Valley Archived 2010-06-17 at the Wayback Machine. Trumbullhistory.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  31. ^ "Man gets jail for gruesome body-in-barrel case - GreenwichTime". greenwichtime.com. Retrieved 2015-02-04.
  32. ^ Man Killed When Car Plunges Into River. NBC Connecticut (2010-01-11). Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  33. ^ New England Mountain Bike Association - Places To Ride Archived 2010-06-19 at the Wayback Machine. NEMBA. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  34. ^ Kynd Outdoors - Outdoor Destination Information. Flyfishingcommunity.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  35. ^ Newtown, Connecticut Water Supply Resources Archived 2012-08-02 at archive.today. Hvceo.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  36. ^ Department of Environmental Protection (2014-08-05). "DEEP: Fact Sheet for the Water Quality Standards and Classifications". ct.gov. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
  37. ^ "WATER QUALITY REPORT FOR THE PEQUONNOCK RIVER WATERSHED MAY 2009 THROUGH SEPTEMBER 2009". conservect.org. Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
  38. ^ "Pequonnock Iron Works Inc in Bridgeport, CT 06608 - ChamberofCommerce.com". chamberofcommerce.com. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
  39. ^ Waldo, G.C. (1917). History of Bridgeport and Vicinity. Vol. 2. S. J. Clarke Publishing. p. 268. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
  40. ^ "pequonnock road trumbull ct - Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
  41. ^ Commission on Official Legal Publications (25 February 2002). "Pequonnock Yacht Club, Inc. v. Bridgeport" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-10-24.

References