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Per aspera ad astra (or, less commonly, ad astra per aspera) is a Latin phrase meaning "through hardships to the stars". The phrase is one of the many Latin sayings that use the expression ad astra, meaning "to the stars".

"Ad astra per aspera", plaque in memory of the crew of Apollo 1
"Ad astra per aspera", plaque in memory of the crew of Apollo 1
"Per aspera ad astra", from Finland in the Nineteenth Century, 1894
"Per aspera ad astra", from Finland in the Nineteenth Century, 1894

Uses

Various organizations and groups use this expression and its variants.

Governmental entities

Military and government

Literature

Greek and Latin variants

Music

Educational and research institutions

Australia

Austria

Azerbaijan

Botswana

Ecuador

Estonia

Honduras

India

Jamaica

Japan

Macau

Maldives

New Zealand

Nigeria

Norway

Pakistan

Paraguay

Philippines

Portugal

Romania

Russia

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Slovakia

Slovenia

South Africa

Sri Lanka

Sweden

Tajikistan

Ukraine

United Kingdom

United States

Fraternities and sororities

Popular culture

Others

See also

References

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