Perambalur District
View from Ranjankudi Fort
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 11°14′.6″N 78°52′59.92″E / 11.233500°N 78.8833111°E / 11.233500; 78.8833111Coordinates: 11°14′.6″N 78°52′59.92″E / 11.233500°N 78.8833111°E / 11.233500; 78.8833111
Country India
Tamil Nadu
 • CollectorP. Sri Venkata Priya I.A.S
 • Superintendent of PoliceTmt. NISHA PARTHIBANIPS
 • Total1,752 km2 (676 sq mi)
 • Total565,223
 • Density320/km2 (840/sq mi)
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code04328
Vehicle registrationTN-46[2]
Sex ratio0.993 /
ClimateSemi-arid (Köppen)
Precipitation908 millimetres (35.7 in)

Perambalur is one of the 38 districts (an administrative district) in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The district headquarters is located at Perambalur. The district occupies an area of 1,752 km² and had a population of 565,223 with a sex-ratio of 1,003 females for every 1,000 males in 2011.

Perambalur district is a centrally located inland district of Tamil Nadu. It was trifurcated from the erstwhile composite Tiruchirappalli district and was formed on 1 November 1995. The district is bounded by the following districts Kallakkuruchi in the North, Cuddalore in Northeast, Ariyalur in East, Tiruchirappalli in West and South and Salem in Northwest.


The district lies in the southern plateau and hill zone of agro-climate regional planning with characteristics of semi-arid climate and the world class black granite in Pachai Malai hills. The soil is predominantly red loamy and black soil. The normal rainfall of the district is 908 mm which is less than 946.9 mm, the normal rainfall of the State. The precipitation during northeast monsoon, southwest monsoon and remaining winter & hot weather period account for 52%, 34% and 14% of annual rainfall, respectively.[citation needed]

Cauvery is the major river flowing in the region and the composite district has a canal system covering just 47 km stretch and ayacut of 11,610 ha. The ground water resource through tubewells and wells contribute nearly 68% of irrigated area command. The major crops grown in the district are paddy, groundnut, sugarcane and millets. Cashew is the major plantation crop. Now the major cultivation is small Onion, totally 24% in Tamil Nadu i.e. first place in Tamil Nadu. The Onion cultivation villages are Erattai malai sandhu (Keelakkarai), Esanai, Elambalur, Nakkasalem, Ammapalayam, Siruvayalur, Chettikulam, Kalarampatty, Melapuliyur, Navalur, K.Pudur, Arumbavur, Irur, Alathur, Padalur, etc.[citation needed]


Agriculture is the main occupation of the people in the district
Agriculture is the main occupation of the people in the district

Currently, Perambalur district is the top maize and Onion (small) producer in Tamil Nadu, with 27% and 50% of the state's share, respectively.[3]

Perambalur is planning to set up multi-product SEZ over an area of 5000 acres (20 km²) specializing in high-technology by SREI Infrastructure Finance Ltd through a joint venture with TIDCO (Tamil Nadu Industrial Development Corporation). The SEZ will have linkages to Cuddalore, Pondicherry and Chennai ports, railway line and Tiruchirapalli Airport. This SEZ will bring in high-technology industries, MROs, biotechnology, pharmaceutical companies, textile and leather clusters. The project is being developed with world-class infrastructure to be able to compete with the best investment centres in the world. Perambalur SEZ has a large hinterland that offers huge labour force. The SEZ is well connected with all major cities/regions of the country with excellent road/rail network. The SEZ will focus on testing and certification facilities, warehouses, infrastructure on demand and so forth. In addition, residential and recreational complexes are planned within the SEZ.[citation needed]


Perambalur Sugar Mills

Perambalur Sugar Mills is sugar mill of Perambalur Sugar Mills Limited, a Subsidiary of Tamil Nadu Sugar Corporation Limited (TASCO) located at Eraiyur, Permbalur. It commenced its operation on 1976 and has a capacity of 2500 TCD.[citation needed]

MRF Limited

MRF Limited commissioned its 8th plant at Naranamangalam, Perambalur on 2011 for the production of conventional tyres. It commissioned its 9th plant at the same facility on 2012 solely for the manufacture of radial tyres.[citation needed]

Visuvakudi Reservoir

Visvakudi dam is located in Visvakudi, Tamil Nadu. Visvakudi dam is constructed across Kallar River, between Vayalar hills and Semmalai. The reservoir can hold 30.67 million cubic feet of water. The dam is 615 metres long. There will be two sluices and radial shutters will be fixed on the two sluices.[citation needed]


The district for administrative purpose has been divided into four taluks (Perambalur taluk, Kunnam taluk, Alathur taluk, Veppanthattai taluk) which is further sub-divided into four blocks viz. Perambalur, Veppanthattai, Veppur, Alathur. The district comprises 121 village panchayats, four town panchayats (Kurumbalur, Arumbavur, Poolambadi, Labbaikudikadu) and one municipality.


According to 2011 census, Perambalur district had a population of 565,223 with a sex-ratio of 1,003 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[4] A total of 59,567 were under the age of six, constituting 31,135 males and 28,432 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 33.01% and 0.46% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district was 66.49%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[4] The district had a total of 149,243 households. There were a total of 299,726 workers, comprising 107,542 cultivators, 91,135 main agricultural labourers, 4,365 in house hold industries, 52,055 other workers, 44,629 marginal workers, 9,762 marginal cultivators, 27,143 marginal agricultural labourers, 978 marginal workers in household industries and 6,746 other marginal workers.[5]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
YearPop.±% p.a.


The nearest airport to Perambalur District is the Tiruchirappalli International Airport. The district is well connected by Road Network. Some of the notable Busiest National Highways such as NH-38 passes through the center of the District. The District has very less connectivity with Railways. Sillakudi Railway Station is the only Railway Station of the district.[7]

See also


  1. ^ "2011 Census of India" (Excel). Indian government. 16 April 2011.
  2. ^
  3. ^ Tamil Nadu: Agriculture Department
  4. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  5. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Perambalur district". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  6. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  7. ^ "Sillakudi, Alathur Village information | Soki.In". Retrieved 11 August 2021.