Percomorpha
Rose fish
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Superorder: Acanthopterygii
Clade: Percomorpha
Cope, 1871
Subgroups

See text

Synonyms
  • Percomorphaceae Betancur-Rodriguez et al., 2013
  • Acanthopteri

Percomorpha (Latin perca ("perch") + Ancient Greek μορφή (morphḗ, “shape, appearance”)) is a large clade of ray-finned fish that includes the tuna, seahorses, gobies, cichlids, flatfish, wrasse, perches, anglerfish, and pufferfish.[1][2][3][4][5]

Evolution

The cladogram is based on Betancur-R et al., 2017.[4]

Percomorpha
Ophidiaria

Ophidiiformes (cusk-eels)

Batrachoidaria

Batrachoididae (toadfishes)

Pelagiaria

Scombriformes (tunas, mackerel, etc.)

Syngnatharia

Syngnathiformes (seahorses, goatfishes, etc.)

Gobiaria

Gobiiformes (gobies)

Kurtiformes (nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes)

Anabantaria

Anabantiformes

Synbranchiformes

Carangaria

Polynemidae (threadfins)

Lactariidae (false trevally)

Menidae

Part of "Carangiformes"

Nematistiidae (roosterfish)

Echeneidae (remoras)

Coryphaenidae (dolphinfish)

Rachycentridae (cobia)

Sphyraenidae (barracudas)

Centropomidae (snooks)

Pleuronectiformes (flatfish)

Part of "Carangiformes"

Carangidae (jacks)

Istiophoriformes (billfish)

Leptobramidae

Toxotidae (archerfish)

Ovalentaria
Cichlomorphae

Cichliformes

Polycentridae

Atherinomorphae

Beloniformes

Atheriniformes

Cyprinodontiformes

Ambassidae (Asiatic glassfishes)

Congrogadidae (eel blenny)

Pomacentridae (damselfishes)

Embiotocidae (surfperches)

Mugilomorphae

Mugiliformes (mullets)

Lipogramma

Plesiopidae (roundheads)

Pseudochromidae (dottybacks)

Grammatidae (basslets)

Opistognathidae (jawfishes)

Blenniimorphae

Blenniiformes

Gobiesociformes

Eupercaria

Gerreiformes

Uranoscopiformes (stargazers)

Centrogenyidae

Labriformes (wrasses)

Perciformes (perches, sticklebacks, scorpionfishes, etc.)

Centrarchiformes (black basses, temperate perches, etc.)

Pempheriformes

Moronidae (temperate basses)

Sillaginidae (smelt-whitings)

Ephippiformes

Chaetodontiformes (butterflyfishes)

Sciaenidae (drums; croakers)

Acanthuriformes (surgeonfishes, ponyfishes)

Monodactylidae (moonfishes, fingerfishes)

Emmelichthyidae (rovers)

Pomacanthidae (angelfishes)

Lutjaniformes

Callanthiidae (splendid perches)

Malacanthidae (tilefishes)

Lobotiformes

Spariformes (sea breams)

Siganidae (rabbitfishes)

Priacanthiformes

Scatophagidae (scats)

Caproiformes

Lophiiformes (anglerfishes)

Tetraodontiformes (pufferfishes, triggerfishes, etc.)

References

  1. ^ Thomas J. Near; et al. (2012). "Resolution of ray-finned fish phylogeny and timing of diversification". PNAS. 109 (34): 13698–13703. Bibcode:2012PNAS..10913698N. doi:10.1073/pnas.1206625109. PMC 3427055. PMID 22869754.
  2. ^ Betancur-R, Ricardo; et al. (2013). "The Tree of Life and a New Classification of Bony Fishes". PLOS Currents Tree of Life. 5 (Edition 1). doi:10.1371/currents.tol.53ba26640df0ccaee75bb165c8c26288. PMC 3644299. PMID 23653398. Archived from the original on 2013-10-13.
  3. ^ Laurin, M.; Reisz, R.R. (1995). "A reevaluation of early amniote phylogeny". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 113 (2): 165–223. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1995.tb00932.x.
  4. ^ a b Betancur-R, Ricardo; Wiley, Edward O.; Arratia, Gloria; Acero, Arturo; Bailly, Nicolas; Miya, Masaki; Lecointre, Guillaume; Ortí, Guillermo (6 July 2017). "Phylogenetic classification of bony fishes". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 17 (1): 162. doi:10.1186/s12862-017-0958-3. ISSN 1471-2148. PMC 5501477. PMID 28683774.
  5. ^ Nelson, Joseph S.; Grande, Terry C.; Wilson, Mark V. H. (2016). Fishes of the World (5th ed.). Hoboken: John Wiley and Sons. pp. 314–526. doi:10.1002/9781119174844. ISBN 978-1-118-34233-6.