The Duke of Devonshire

Chancellor of the University of Derby
In office
October 2008 – March 2018
DeputyJohn Coyne (2008–11)
Kathryn Mitchell (2011–2018)
Preceded byProfessor Leslie Wagner
Succeeded byWilliam Cavendish, Earl of Burlington
Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot
In office
1997–2011
MonarchElizabeth II
Preceded bySir Piers Bengough
Succeeded byJohn Weatherby
Personal details
Born
Peregrine Andrew Morny Cavendish

(1944-04-27) 27 April 1944 (age 77)
Chatsworth House, Derbyshire, England
NationalityBritish
Spouse(s)Amanda Carmen Heywood-Lonsdale, Duchess of Devonshire
ChildrenWilliam Cavendish, Earl of Burlington
Lady Celina Cavendish
Lady Jasmine Cavendish
Lady Mary Cavendish
ParentsAndrew Cavendish, 11th Duke of Devonshire
Deborah Mitford
ResidenceChatsworth House
Bolton Abbey
Lismore Castle
TitleDuke of Devonshire
Tenure 3 May 2004 – present
Other titlesEarl of Burlington (1944–1950)
Marquess of Hartington (1950–2004)
PredecessorAndrew Cavendish, 11th Duke of Devonshire

Peregrine Andrew Morny Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire, KCVO, CBE, DL (also known as "Stoker";[1] born 27 April 1944) is an English peer. He is the only surviving son of Andrew Cavendish, 11th Duke of Devonshire and his wife, the former Deborah Mitford. He succeeded to the dukedom following the death of his father on 3 May 2004. Prior to this succession, he was styled Marquess of Hartington. His immediate family are owner-occupiers of Chatsworth House and are worth an estimated £800 million.[2] Estates landscaped before 1900 by the family (who maintain a luxury hotels business) are parts of Derbyshire and North Yorkshire. Other capital managed by the Duke includes fine and contemporary art, forestry and farming.

Education

He was educated at Eton College, Exeter College, Oxford, where he read History, and the Royal Agricultural College, Cirencester.[3]

Horse racing

The Duke is well known in the world of horse racing and served as Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot and chairman of Ascot Racecourse Ltd. In 1980 he was elected to the Jockey Club and in 1989 he was appointed its Senior Steward (that is, Chairman).[4] During his five-year term of office, he oversaw a number of changes within the racing industry, in particular the creation of the British Horseracing Board which is now the governing authority for British racing. He was appointed first chairman of the board in June 1993 and retired at the end of his term in 1996. He was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) for services to racing in 1997 and Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO) in the 2009 New Year Honours for his services as Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot.[5]

Other interests

He was appointed a Trustee of the Wallace Collection in 2007.[6] He is a trustee of Sheffield Galleries and Museums Trust.[7] He is Chairman of the Devonshire Arms Hotel Group, a chain of countryside hotels in North Yorkshire and Derbyshire, and Deputy Chairman of Sotheby's.[8] He collects modern British and contemporary painting and sculpture, as well as works in other areas, many of which are on display at his family seat Chatsworth House. The Duke and Duchess and the house and estate grounds were featured in the BBC documentary series Chatsworth.[9] In December 2012, he sold Auxiliary cartoon for the Head of a Young Apostle by Raphael for £29.7m at a Sotheby's auction.[10] As of 2016 he is the owner of Heywood Hill, a notable bookstore in London.[11]

He took up the position as the third Chancellor of the University of Derby at a ceremony on 28 October 2008 in Buxton.[12][13]

The Duke is a current patron of St Wilfrid's Hospice in Eastbourne.[14]

The range of Cavendish Pianos were named after the family name of the Duke to recognise his support which was critical to the establishment of the new firm.[15]

He was the third Chancellor of the University of Derby from 2008 to March 2018.[16] He stepped down from the role in 2018 and his son and heir, William Cavendish, Earl of Burlington was nominated and installed as the fourth and current Chancellor of the University in March 2018.

The Duke has provided a Swalesdale Ram as mascot to the Mercian Regiment since the regiment's inception. In 2017 he presented Private Derby to the Regiment.[17]

Family

On 28 June 1967 the future Duke married Amanda Carmen Heywood-Lonsdale (born 18 April, 1944), daughter of Commander Edward Gavin Heywood-Lonsdale and a descendant of Arthur Heywood-Lonsdale.[citation needed]

They have four children - Lord Burlington (born on 6 June 1969), Lady Celina (born on 4 October 1971), Lady Jasmine (born on 4 May 1973), and Lady Mary (born on 18 May 1975) - as well as ten grandchildren.[citation needed]

One of the homes of the Duke and Duchess is Chatsworth House in Derbyshire and they are involved in the operation of the house as a tourist attraction.[18] In 2019, the Duke and Duchess visited Sotheby's to view "Treasures From Chatsworth", including art and artifacts from Chatsworth House, that would be displayed in New York.[19][20]

Titles, honours and arms

Titles

He succeeded as the 12th Duke of Devonshire, 12th Marquess of Hartington, the 7th Earl of Burlington, the 15th Earl of Devonshire, the 15th Baron Cavendish of Hardwick, and the 7th Baron Cavendish of Keighley on 3 May 2004.

In February 2010, the Duke announced his intention to give up his title if hereditary peers were removed from the House of Lords, on the basis that "the aristocracy is dead" and "because then it would be clear-cut what the people wanted, and it would be confusing to maintain hereditary titles".[21]

Honours

Coat of arms of Peregrine Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire
Coronet
A Coronet of a Duke
Crest
A Serpent nowed proper
Escutcheon
Sable three Bucks' heads cabossed Argent
Supporters
On either side a Buck proper wreathed round the neck with a Chaplet of Roses alternately Argent and Azure
Motto
Cavendo Tutus (Secure by Caution)

References

  1. ^ Chatsworth – A statement from the Duke (Archive accessed 24 May 2016)
  2. ^ Duke of Devonshire Archived 29 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine, Derby Evening Telegraph, Retrieved August 2015
  3. ^ "Peregrine Andrew Morny Cavendish". wealthx.com. Archived from the original on 7 February 2017. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  4. ^ "The Tatler List". Tatler. Archived from the original on 5 February 2016.
  5. ^ "No. 58929". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 2008. p. 3.
  6. ^ Wallace Collection-New Trustees
  7. ^ Museum & Galleries Assistant Archived 22 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "The Devonshire Profile - Forbes.com". Forbes.[dead link]
  9. ^ "The Duke of Devonshire: a reluctant reality TV star". The Daily Telegraph. 6 May 2012.
  10. ^ Kate Green, Chatsworth's Raphael sells for £29.7m , Country Life, 6 December 2012
  11. ^ Sarah Lyall (2 February 2016). "The Tiny London Shop Behind Some of the Very Best Libraries". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 February 2016. London’s Heywood Hill curates impressive collections for discerning customers in 60 different countries – and specializes in the obscure.
  12. ^ Kirby, Sean. University of Derby – Duke of Devonshire Revealed As University’s New Chancellor Archived 16 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine, University of Derby, 6 March 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
  13. ^ Hawley, Zena. Duke of Devonshire becomes new chancellor at the University of Derby Archived 2 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine, This Is Derbyshire, 27 October 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
  14. ^ St Wilfrid's Hospice in Eastbourne
  15. ^ Morrison, Richard (27 February 2013). "Cavendish Pianos really are in a field of their own". The Times. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
  16. ^ a b "Our Chancellor". www.derby.ac.uk. University of Derby.
  17. ^ "Derby With The Duke and Duchess of Devonshire". Retrieved 6 September 2020.
  18. ^ "EDENSOR AND THE CHATSWORTH ESTATE". Chatsworth Estate. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  19. ^ "An English Manor Travels Across the Pond and Opens for Visitors". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  20. ^ "Treasures from Chatsworth: The Exhibition". Sotheby's. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  21. ^ Walker, Tim. Aristocrats dismiss the despondent Duke of Devonshire’s fears, The Telegraph, 22 February 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2010.
Court offices Preceded bySir Piers Bengough Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot1997–2011 Succeeded byJohn Weatherby Peerage of England Preceded byAndrew Cavendish Duke of Devonshire2004–present Incumbent Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom Preceded byThe Duke of Bedford GentlemenThe Duke of Devonshire Succeeded byThe Duke of Marlborough Academic offices Preceded byProfessor Leslie Wagner Chancellor of the University of Derby2008–2018 Succeeded byWilliam Cavendish, Earl of Burlington