A peripteros surrounded by a peristasis

A peripteros (a peripteral building, Greek: περίπτερος) is a type of ancient Greek or Roman temple surrounded by a portico with columns. It is surrounded by a colonnade (pteron) on all four sides of the cella (naos), creating a four-sided arcade (peristasis, or peristyle). By extension, it also means simply the perimeter of a building (typically a classical temple), when that perimeter is made up of columns.[1] The term is frequently used of buildings in the Doric order.[1]


The peripteros can be a portico, a kiosk or a chapel. If it is made up of four columns, it is a tetrastyle; of six, hexastyle; of eight, octastyle; of ten, decastyle; and of twelve, dodecastyle. If the columns are fitted into the wall instead of standing alone, the building is a pseudoperipteros.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b Reber, Franz von; Joseph Thacher Clarke (1882). History of Ancient Art. University of Wisconsin - Madison: Harper & Brothers. pp. 419–420. Retrieved 2007-11-06. peripteros.