Perth-Andover
Village
The Castle Inn
The Castle Inn
Official seal of Perth-Andover
Motto(s): 
Connect to a Greener Life
Perth-Andover is located in New Brunswick
Perth-Andover
Perth-Andover
Coordinates: 46°44′21″N 67°41′54″W / 46.73927°N 67.69840°W / 46.73927; -67.69840Coordinates: 46°44′21″N 67°41′54″W / 46.73927°N 67.69840°W / 46.73927; -67.69840
CountryCanada
ProvinceNew Brunswick
CountyVictoria
Established1966
Government
 • MayorMarianne Bell
 • MPRichard Bragdon (Con.)
 • MLAMargaret Johnson (Conservative)
Area
 • Land8.97 km2 (3.46 sq mi)
Highest elevation
183 m (734 ft)
Lowest elevation
130 m (246 ft)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total1,590
 • Density177.3/km2 (459/sq mi)
 • Change 2011-16
Decrease−10.6%
Time zoneUTC-4 (Atlantic (AST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)
Canadian Postal code
E7H
Area code(s)506
Telephone Exchange273, 819
NTS Map21J13 Aroostook
GNBC CodeDANFW
WebsitePerth-Andover

Perth-Andover (2016 population: 1,590[1]) is a village in Victoria County, New Brunswick, Canada.

Geography

The village is divided by the Saint John River with Perth on the east bank and Andover on the west bank; each was a separate community until municipal amalgamation in 1966. Perth-Andover's population meets the requirements for "town" status under the provincial Municipalities Act; however, it has not applied to change from village designation. It was decided by the council at the time to keep the 'Village ' designation.

History

Andover was originally called Little Tobique, the community was given the name Andover, from the town in Hampshire, England. Much of Andover's original land grants were to English soldiers and Loyalist from the American Revolution.

See also: History of New Brunswick and List of historic places in Victoria County, New Brunswick

Much of Perth (originally called Larlee) was originally part of the territory of the Tobique First Nation, whose reserve was established in 1801, at the band's request. Due to squatters, the First Nation were forced to surrender a total of 2,539 acres, much in Perth-Andover.[2]

In 1878 the New Brunswick Railway opened its line through the community connecting Fredericton and Edmundston, crossing the river from the east bank at Perth to the west bank at Andover. In 1890 the NBR was leased by the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR). In 1894 the Tobique Valley Railway constructed a line from a junction with the CPR at Perth to Plaster Rock; it was leased by CPR in 1897.

Until the end of county government in New Brunswick in 1966, Andover was the shire town of Victoria County.

In March 1987 the spring freshet caused several severe ice jams on the Saint John River upstream of the railway bridge in Perth-Andover. On the night of April 1, 1987 an extremely high water level forced residents to evacuate, including a seniors home and the hospital. The morning of April 2, 1987 the Canadian Pacific Railway bridge was demolished by the large ice jam, and many buildings and homes along the river in Perth-Andover were flooded. The destruction of the railway bridge cut off CP Rail's network north of Perth from the railway lines in the southern part of western New Brunswick. This contributed to CP Rail's abandonment of these rural branchlines, which were considered unprofitable by the railway. CP Rail tried to blame NB Power for failing to control water discharges from its hydro-electric dams on the river. By the early 1990s, the railroad had ended railway from the northern end of the Saint John River valley.

In 2009 the Canadian government accepted the Tobique Specific Land Claim of 10,533 acres for negotiation; this relates to the 1892 surrender which the First Nation claims is invalid due to the failure of the government to get approval by Order in Council.[2] Settlement of the claim will result in compensation; existing landowners will not be affected.[3] The governments and the Tobique First Nation have three years to negotiate a settlement.

On March 23, 2012, a high spring freshet coupled with an ice jam caused a rise in water levels surpassing those in the 1987 flood. A mandatory evacuation order was issued.[4] About 500 people were affected.[5]

Present day

Perth-Andover Electric Light Commission (PAELC) is one of three municipal power utilities left in New Brunswick, and the only one completely independent of NB Power. The residents of the municipality pay the lowest power rates in the province.

Perth-Andover is host to the annual Gathering of the Scots Festival[6] at Veteran's Field on the last weekend in May and the Larlee Creek Hullabaloo[7] in August, held at Baird's Campground. Other major events in the Village are the Tuff Muck Challenge on the last Saturday in July and the Dam Run marathon on the first Saturday in October.

Demographics

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Perth-Andover had a population of 1,574 living in 744 of its 785 total private dwellings, a change of -1% from its 2016 population of 1,590. With a land area of 8.96 km2 (3.46 sq mi), it had a population density of 175.7/km2 (455.0/sq mi) in 2021.[8]

Notable people

Main article: List of people from Victoria County, New Brunswick

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Census Profile". 2016 Census. Statistics Canada.
  2. ^ a b "Background and History of the Claim" Archived 2012-04-26 at the Wayback Machine, Tobique Land Rights: No Consent and No Surrender, Official Website, accessed 25 November 2011
  3. ^ "Compensation talks for Tobique First Nation to begin in October", CBC, 17 June 2008, accessed 25 November 2011
  4. ^ Huras, Adam (24 March 2012). "New Brunswick village Perth-Andover flooded". Vancouver Sun. Perth-Andover, NB. Archived from the original on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
  5. ^ "Dozens ordered out of N.B. flood area". The Chronicle Herald. Perth-Andover, NB. 24 March 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
  6. ^ Gathering of the Scots Festival
  7. ^ Larlee Creek Hullabaloo
  8. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  9. ^ "Matt Andersen". Archived from the original on 2009-03-31. Retrieved 2007-01-30.