The Lord Brooke of Sutton Mandeville
Secretary of State for National Heritage
In office
22 September 1992 – 20 July 1994
Prime MinisterJohn Major
Preceded byDavid Mellor
Succeeded byStephen Dorrell
Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
In office
24 July 1989 – 10 April 1992
Prime MinisterMargaret Thatcher
John Major
Preceded byTom King
Succeeded byPatrick Mayhew
Paymaster General
In office
13 July 1987 – 24 July 1989
Prime MinisterMargaret Thatcher
Preceded byKenneth Clarke
Succeeded byThe Earl of Caithness
Chairman of the Conservative Party
In office
13 July 1987 – 24 July 1989
Prime MinisterMargaret Thatcher
Preceded byNorman Tebbit
Succeeded byKenneth Baker
Member of Parliament
for Cities of London and Westminster
City of London and Westminster South (1977–1997)
In office
24 February 1977 – 14 May 2001
Preceded byChristopher Tugendhat
Succeeded byMark Field
Personal details
Born
Peter Leonard Brooke

(1934-03-03) 3 March 1934 (age 88)
Political partyConservative
Alma materBalliol College, Oxford
Harvard Business School

Peter Leonard Brooke, Baron Brooke of Sutton Mandeville, CH, PC (born 3 March 1934) is a British politician. A member of the Conservative Party, he served in the Cabinet under Prime Ministers Margaret Thatcher and John Major, and was a Member of Parliament (MP) representing the Cities of London and Westminster from 1977 to 2001.

Early life

Brooke is the son of Henry Brooke, Baron Brooke of Cumnor, a former Home Secretary, and Barbara Brooke, Baroness Brooke of Ystradfellte.[1] His parents were one of the few married couples where both partners held noble titles in their own right. His younger brother was the judge Sir Henry Brooke.[2] He was educated at Marlborough College and Balliol College, Oxford, (where he was President of the Oxford Union) before going on to the Harvard Business School in the United States.[1] After leaving university he worked as a headhunter and was Chairman of Spencer Stuart.

Parliamentary career

After unsuccessfully challenging Neil Kinnock at the Labour stronghold of Bedwellty in October 1974, he was elected as MP for the Cities of London and Westminster in a by-election in 1977. He was sworn into the Privy Council in 1988. He was made Chairman of the Conservative Party in 1987, and then Secretary of State for Northern Ireland in 1989. His speech, in November 1990 in London, is largely credited with bringing Sinn Féin to the negotiating table, in which he declared that Britain had no "selfish strategic or economic interest" in Northern Ireland and would accept unification, if the people wished it.[3]

In January 1992, Brooke appeared on the Irish chat show, The Late Late Show. After a pleasant interview, the presenter, Gay Byrne, coaxed and goaded the unwilling Brooke into singing "Oh My Darling, Clementine", on a day when seven Protestant construction workers had been killed by an IRA bomb. Many unionists were outraged at what seemed to be a moment clearly out of touch with grieving families, and requested the resignation of Brooke.[4] The incident was a factor in Brooke's being dropped from his position after the April 1992 general election, although Brooke claimed he had offered his resignation after the incident.[5]

After leaving the Cabinet, Brooke stood unsuccessfully for the position of Speaker of the House of Commons. The House instead elected the Labour MP Betty Boothroyd to the role, with several Conservative MPs voting against Brooke on the grounds that he had too recently been in the Cabinet and was thus insufficiently close to the backbenches. Brooke then remained on the backbenches for a short time, before being brought back into the Cabinet later in the year as Secretary of State for National Heritage, a role he held until 1994. During his time as Heritage Secretary, he oversaw the restoration of Windsor Castle following the fire that had struck the State Apartments in 1992.

Later life

Brooke stepped down as an MP at the 2001 general election and was created a life peer as Baron Brooke of Sutton Mandeville, of Sutton Mandeville in the County of Wiltshire, on 30 July 2001.[6] He was Chairman of the Association of Conservative Peers. He was appointed Companion of Honour, as his father had been, in 1992.[1] He retired from the House of Lords in September 2015.

Coat of arms

Coat of arms of Peter Brooke, Baron Brooke of Sutton Mandeville
Coronet of a British Baron.svg
Brooke of Sutton Mandeville Escutcheon.png
Coronet
A Coronet of a Baron
Crest
A badger sejant erect Proper grasping with both forepaws over the shoulder a cudgel Or.
Escutcheon
Or two crosses engrailed and conjoined in fess that on the dexter per pale Gules and Sable that on the sinister per pale Sable and Gules.
Supporters
On either side statant upon a watering can the rose inwards Or a crow close Proper.
Motto
Ex Fonte Perenni (Out Of An Everlasting Brook)[7]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Brooke of Sutton Mandeville, Baron, (Peter Leonard Brooke) (born 3 March 1934)". WHO'S WHO & WHO WAS WHO. 2007. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.u8873. ISBN 978-0-19-954088-4. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  2. ^ The Guardian, obituary of Henry Brooke
  3. ^ "Timeline: Northern Ireland's road to peace". 27 January 2006. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  4. ^ Coogan, Tim Pat (2002). The troubles: Ireland's ordeal, 1966-1996, and the search for peace. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 239. ISBN 0-312-29418-2.
  5. ^ Brooke / Mayhew Talks (April 1991 to November 1992) - A Chronology of Main Events, CAIN Web Service, University of Ulster
  6. ^ "No. 56292". The London Gazette. 2 August 2001. p. 9151.
  7. ^ Debrett's Peerage. 2019. p. 1861.
Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded byChristopher Tugendhat Member of Parliament for the City of London and Westminster South 19771997 Constituency abolished New constituency Member of Parliament for the Cities of London and Westminster 19972001 Succeeded byMark Field Party political offices Preceded byNorman Tebbit Chairman of the Conservative Party 1987–1989 Succeeded byKenneth Baker Political offices Preceded byKenneth Clarke Paymaster General 1987–1989 Succeeded byThe Earl of Caithness Preceded byTom King Secretary of State for Northern Ireland 1989–1992 Succeeded byPatrick Mayhew Preceded byDavid Mellor Secretary of State for National Heritage 1992–1994 Succeeded byStephen Dorrell Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom Preceded byThe Lord Maginnis of Drumglass GentlemenBaron Brooke of Sutton Mandeville Followed byThe Lord Black of Crossharbour