Peter Milligan
Milligan seated, wearing a lanyard and looking to the camera
Born (1961-06-24) 24 June 1961 (age 62)
London, England
Notable works
Bad Company
Shade, the Changing Man
Human Target
X-Force / X-Statix
AwardsUK Comic Art Award for Best Writer, 1991, 1994

Peter Milligan (born 24 June 1961[1]) is a British comic book writer who has written extensively for both British and American comic book industries. In the UK, Milligan has contributed to numerous anthology titles including 2000 AD, Revolver, Eagle and A1, and helped launch the influential magazine Deadline. In the US, he is best known for his frequent contributions to DC Comics' Vertigo imprint, which include the revamped DC properties Shade, the Changing Man and Human Target, a four-year run on the imprint's premier title Hellblazer, and original series Enigma, The Extremist, Egypt and Greek Street, as well as the Marvel series X-Statix, co-created by Milligan and artist Mike Allred.


Milligan started his comic career with Sounds music paper's comic strip The Electric Hoax, with Brendan McCarthy, with whom he went to art school.[2] Milligan later moved to write short stories for 2000 AD in the early 1980s. By 1986, Milligan had his first ongoing strip in 2000AD called "Bad Company", with artists Brett Ewins and Jim McCarthy. "Bad Company" was a popular future war story and helped Milligan become better known.

Concurrently, Milligan, Ewins and Brendan McCarthy had been working on the anthology title, Strange Days for Eclipse Comics. Strange Days featured three strips, "Paradax", "Freakwave", and "Johnny Nemo". Milligan, McCarthy and Ewins produced three issues of this psychedelic comic, it was not a great seller but it picked up a small, loyal readership. The most conventional strip, "Johnny Nemo", had its own series, while the more quirky "Paradax" had a two-issue series published by Vortex Comics in 1987.[3]

By 1989 Milligan was swapping between strips such as "Bad Company", while still writing material in 2000AD, such as "Hewligan's Haircut" with artist Jamie Hewlett. Milligan and artist Jim McCarthy created the Steve Ditko-inspired "Bix Barton". This was first run as a black and white strip for its first outing, "Barton's Beasts"; the second strip was called "Carry On Barton" (originally "Carry On Snuffing"). The strip was very popular and was a precursor of "Devlin Waugh" and others.

In 1989 he had his first work published by DC Comics.[3] Skreemer was a six-issue mini-series (May 1989 – October 1989) drawn by Brett Ewins that was somewhat lost in the midst of the so-called "British Invasion" of American comics of the time. A dark post-apocalyptic gangster story, it did receive critical acclaim but did not sell well. Milligan was soon to become a regular writer for DC while still working on his more personal comics in the United Kingdom in comics such as 2000 AD, and its spin-off titles Crisis and Revolver.

The 1990s saw Milligan revamp Steve Ditko's character Shade, the Changing Man for DC Comics.[4] This proved his most successful American comic, and came at the end of the first wave of the "British Invasion". With issue No. 33 (March 1993), it became part of the Vertigo imprint.[5] It was cancelled with issue No. 70 (April 1996). A one-off story marking Vertigo's tenth anniversary was published in 2003.[3]

Milligan succeeded Grant Morrison on Animal Man for a six-issue run in 1990–1991,[6] and became the regular writer of Batman in Detective Comics in the same year. During an editorial meeting, Milligan presented the idea that led to the creation of Azrael, who became Batman during the "Knightfall" crossover.[7]

Skin (art by Brendan McCarthy) was the story of a young thalidomide skinhead in 1970s London, and his attempts to deal with his disability and the world in general.[2] The strip was due to feature in Crisis in 1990 but the publishers Fleetway were worried by the controversial subject matter, plus they were concerned with the use of explicit language in the story. The printers refused to print it, blaming the graphic language and controversial subject matter as a reason.[8] The story remained in limbo until eventually being published as a graphic novel by Tundra Press to little controversy.

Milligan and artist Duncan Fegredo created Enigma for Disney Comics' planned Touchmark imprint. When the Touchmark line was cancelled, the project moved to DC's newly launched Vertigo line in 1993.[9][10] Milligan quickly followed this up with The Extremist with artist Ted McKeever.[11] Both titles dealt with taboo subjects for a mainstream publisher, but were applauded for their handling of these subjects.[12][13]

Milligan and artist Mike Deodato launched the Elektra series for Marvel Comics in November 1996.[14] Milligan spent the remainder of the decade writing one-off specials such as Face and The Eaters, or miniseries like Egypt and Tank Girl The Odyssey (with its co-creator Jamie Hewlett providing art), as well as acting as advisory editor to Paul Honeyford's Fighting Figurines. Milligan and Brendan McCarthy's psychedelic comic Rogan Gosh was reprinted in a collected edition by Vertigo in 1996,[3] after being first serialised six years earlier in Revolver.

Milligan rounded out the decade by writing a The Human Target four-issue miniseries (April 1999 – July 1999).[15]

Milligan's film work includes the screenplay for Pilgrim (2000, also known as Inferno), starring Ray Liotta. He scripted the 2002 adaptation of the Melvin Burgess novel An Angel for May.[16]

In 2001, Marvel Comics' new editor-in-chief Joe Quesada began revamping the X-Men family of titles. Milligan and artist Mike Allred took over X-Force with issue No. 116 (July 2001),[17] and immediately replaced the book's Rob Liefeld-styled team with a more satirical one: the Orphan, the Anarchist, U-Go Girl, Phat, Vivisector, Venus Dee Milo, Dead Girl and Doop. X-Force was cancelled with issue No. 129 (August 2002), and replaced by a new title, X-Statix, with Milligan and Allred continuing as the creative force.[18] Milligan proposed a character based on a resurrected Princess Diana. News spread to the British tabloid newspaper The Daily Mail, which strongly objected. Eventually the character was altered, as were the references to the British Royal Family.[19] X-Statix was cancelled with issue No. 26 (Oct. 2004).[3]

Milligan wrote issues #166–187 of X-Men, teamed with artist Salvador Larroca, in 2005.[3] He returned to The Human Target with the graphic novel Final Cut, followed by all 21 issues of the subsequent series for Vertigo.[15] In 2006, he wrote the X-Statix Presents: Dead Girl five-issue miniseries for Marvel collaborating with artist Nick Dragotta and co-creator Mike Allred. The following year he wrote an Infinity, Inc. limited series for DC[20] and The Programme for Wildstorm, starring a Soviet Cold War superhero.[21] Milligan was involved in 2007's Batman crossover, "The Resurrection of Ra's al Ghul", by writing the lead-in Batman Annual No. 26, as well as the parts of the storyline in the Robin monthly title.[3]

Milligan scripted for the BBC interactive animated series Meta4orce[22] and the Sub-Mariner: The Depths limited series for Marvel's Marvel Knights imprint.

In late 2008, Milligan was named writer for the long-running Vertigo series Hellblazer,[23] and wrote that imprint's Greek Street,[24][25] Additionally, for Marvel, he wrote the 2008 one-shot Moon Knight: Silent Knight, with artist Laurence Campbell.[26]

In 2010, Milligan was announced as the writer for Batman #703, a prelude to the "Bruce Wayne: The Road Home" crossover storyline,[27] although he later clarified that he was not involved in the production of the issue.[28]

Following DC's 2011 relaunch, Milligan became the writer of Red Lanterns, an ongoing series which debuted in September 2011.[3][29][30] He wrote Justice League Dark, a spin-off of the Justice League franchise, starring John Constantine and Shade, the Changing Man.[31] up to issue No. 8 (June 2012), following which he moved to Stormwatch from issue No. 9 (July 2012).[32] In 2017 and 2018, he penned the revivals of two classic British properties for Titan Comics, Dan Dare[33] and The Prisoner.[34]





  1. ^ Root, Tom; Kardon, Andrew (2004). Writers on comics scriptwriting 2. London: Titan. p. 157. ISBN 1840238089.
  2. ^ a b Wolk, Douglas (5 November 2013). "Comics review: 'The Best of Milligan & McCarthy'". Washington Post. Retrieved 11 December 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Peter Milligan at the Grand Comics Database
  4. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1990s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 246. ISBN 978-0-7566-6742-9. Writer Peter Milligan, alongside artist Chris Bachalo and psychedelic cover artist Brendan McCarthy breathed new life into the bizarre world of Shade, the Changing Man, reimagining the obscure Steve Ditko character for a brave new world. ((cite book)): |first2= has generic name (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Manning "1990s" in Dolan, p. 262
  6. ^ Irvine, Alex (2008), "Animal Man", in Dougall, Alastair (ed.), The Vertigo Encyclopedia, London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley, p. 27, ISBN 978-0-7566-4122-1, OCLC 213309015
  7. ^ Tezak, Jek (n.d.). "An Interview with Dennis O'Neil". Knightfallsaga. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012.
  8. ^ MacManus, Steve, ed. (11 November 1989). "Intro". Crisis (31). ISSN 0955-6885. OCLC 263491671.
  9. ^ Boney, Alex (July 2012). "From Such Great Heights: The Birth of Vertigo Comics". Back Issue! (57). Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing: 68–69.
  10. ^ Irvine "Enigma" in Dougall, p. 66
  11. ^ Irvine "The Extremist" in Dougall, p. 71
  12. ^ Burgas, Greg (18 February 2007). "Comics You Should Own – Enigma". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 18 October 2012. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
  13. ^ Burgas, Greg (9 April 2007). "Comics You Should Own – The Extremist". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 25 October 2012. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
  14. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2008). "1990s". Marvel Chronicle A Year by Year History. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 280. ISBN 978-0756641238. Finally given her own ongoing series by writer Peter Milligan and artist Mike Deodato, Elektra found a new use for her grace and skill after defeating a group of ninjas. ((cite book)): |first2= has generic name (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  15. ^ a b Irvine "Human Target" in Dougall, pp. 90–91
  16. ^ "Peter Milligan Filmography". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. 2013. Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
  17. ^ Manning "2000s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 306: "X-Force, an X-Men spinoff, received a makeover in July [2001] thanks to writer Peter Milligan and artist Mike Allred. A mixture of dark comedy and underground heroics, X-Force received critical acclaim, but a mixed reaction from fans."
  18. ^ Guidara, Marissa (September 2002). "Skreemer to X-Statix: Peter Milligan".
  19. ^ Milligan, Peter (25 June 2003). "Princess Diana, superhero". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2 November 2013.
  20. ^ Furey, Emmett (29 March 2007). "Infinity Inc. and Beyond: Talking with Peter Milligan". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 7 April 2007.
  21. ^ Furey, Emmett (19 July 2007). "Peter Milligan Gets with The Programme". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013.
  22. ^ "Switch Meta4orce Credits". BBC. n.d. Archived from the original on 22 August 2010.
  23. ^ Manning, Shaun (3 December 2008). "Peter Milligan Talks Hellblazer". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013.
  24. ^ Phegley, Kiel (8 June 2009). "Peter Milligan on Greek Street". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 28 October 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2009.
  25. ^ Arrant, Chris (12 June 2009). "Ancient is Modern: Peter Milligan on Greek Street". Newsarama. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2009.
  26. ^ Richards, Dave (18 November 2008). "O Holy Knight: Milligan on Moon Knight Xmas Special". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013.
  27. ^ "A look at BATMAN in September". DC Comics. 14 June 2010. Archived from the original on 29 September 2012.
  28. ^ Phegley, Kiel (11 August 2010). "THE BAT SIGNAL: Peter Milligan". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 23 August 2010.
  29. ^ Trunick, Austin (3 January 2011). "DCU in 2011: Peter Milligan announces Red Lanterns". The Source. DC Comics. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  30. ^ Renaud, Jeffrey (21 January 2011). "Total RechargeE: Milligan on Red Lanterns". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  31. ^ Rogers, Vaneta (9 June 2011). "Milligan: DCnU Justice League Spin-off 'Emotionally Dark'". Newsarama. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2011.
  32. ^ Campbell, Josie (20 March 2012). "Milligan Takes Charge of Stormwatch". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on 20 February 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013. Archive requires scrolldown
  33. ^ Brewer, Byron (28 August 2017). "Interview: PETER MILLIGAN". Dynamic Forces. Archived from the original on 7 August 2020.
  34. ^ Cundle, Tim (18 December 2018). "Peter Milligan Talks The Prisoner And More". Tripwire Magazine. Archived from the original on 28 August 2022.
  35. ^ "British Awards Announced," The Comics Journal #142 (June 1991), p. 17.
  36. ^ ER. "International Miscellanea: 1993 UK Comic Art Awards," The Comics Journal #161 (August 1993), p. 40.
  37. ^ MT. "Newswatch: 5th UK Comic Art Awards," The Comics Journal #168 (May 1994), p. 44.
  38. ^ An Angel for May at IMDb Edit this at Wikidata
  39. ^ "Meta4orce". BBC Switch.
Preceded byMarv Wolfman Batman writer 1990 Succeeded byAlan Grant Preceded byMarv Wolfman Detective Comics writer 1991–1992 Succeeded byChuck Dixon Preceded byGrant Morrison Animal Man writer 1990–1991 Succeeded byTom Veitch Preceded byn/a Elektra writer 1996–1997 Succeeded byLarry Hama Preceded byIan Edginton X-Force writer 2001–2002 Succeeded byFabian Nicieza Preceded byChuck Austen X-Men writer 2005–2006 Succeeded byMike Carey Preceded byAndy Diggle Hellblazer writer 2009–2013 Succeeded byJeff LemireRay Fawkes(Constantine) Preceded byn/a Justice League Dark writer 2011–2012 Succeeded byJeff Lemire Preceded byn/a Red Lanterns writer 2011–2013 Succeeded byCharles Soule Preceded byPaul Jenkins Stormwatch writer 2012–2013 Succeeded byJim Starlin Preceded byJustin Jordan Shadowman writer 2013–2014 Succeeded byAndy Diggle Preceded byGreg Pak(Eternal Warrior vol. 2) Eternal Warrior writer 2014–2015 Succeeded byRobert Venditti(Wrath of the Eternal Warrior)