Petra Kelly
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F065187-0014, Bonn, Pressekonferenz der Grünen, Bundestagswahl (cropped).jpg
Kelly in 1983
Leader of The Greens in the Bundestag
In office
29 March 1983 – 3 April 1984
Serving with Otto Schily and Marieluise Beck
Chief WhipJoschka Fischer
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byWaltraud Schoppe
Member of the Bundestag
for Bavaria
In office
6 March 1983 – 2 December 1990
ConstituencyThe Greens List
Personal details
Born
Petra Karin Lehmann

29 November 1947
Günzburg, Bavaria, Germany
Died1 October 1992(1992-10-01) (aged 44)
Bonn, Germany
Cause of deathMurder by gunshot
Political partyThe Greens
Domestic partner
(m. 1981)
Alma materAmerican University, University of Amsterdam
OccupationActivist, politician
AwardsRight Livelihood Award
Kelly and Otto Schily after the 1983 West German federal election
Joseph Beuys with Petra Kelly. Photographed by Rainer Rappmann [de]
Joseph Beuys with Petra Kelly. Photographed by Rainer Rappmann [de]

Petra Karin Kelly (29 November 1947 – c. 1 October 1992) was a German Green politician and ecofeminist activist. She was a founding member of the German Green Party, the first Green party to rise to prominence both nationally in Germany and worldwide. In 1982, she was awarded the Right Livelihood Award for "forging and implementing a new vision uniting ecological concerns with disarmament, social justice and human rights."

Early life and education

Petra Karin Lehmann was born in Günzburg, Bavaria (then the American Zone of Occupation, Germany), in 1947. She changed her name to Kelly after her mother married John E. Kelly, a US Army officer. She was educated in a Roman Catholic convent in Günzburg and later attended school in Georgia and Virginia after her family relocated to the United States in 1959. She lived and studied in the United States until her return to West Germany in 1970.[citation needed] She retained her West German citizenship throughout her life.

Kelly admired Martin Luther King Jr., and campaigned for Robert F. Kennedy and Hubert Humphrey in the 1968 U.S. elections. She studied political science at the School of International Service at American University (Washington, D.C.), from which she graduated in 1970 with a bachelor's degree. She also graduated from the European Institute at the University of Amsterdam in 1971 with a master's degree.

Career

While working at the European Commission (Brussels, Belgium, 1971–83), Kelly participated in numerous peace and environmental campaigns in Germany and other countries.[citation needed]

After working for two years at the European Commission, she moved to an administrative post at the Economic and Social Committee, where she championed women's rights.[1]

German Green Party

Kelly was one of the founders of Die Grünen, the German Green Party in 1979. In 1983 she was elected to the Bundestag via the Electoral list as a Member of the Bundestag representing Bavaria. She was subsequently re-elected in 1987 with a higher share of the vote.

In 1981, Kelly was involved in a protest of 400,000 people in Bonn against nuclear weapons. In 1982, Gerhard Schröder wrote a contribution in Die Zeit for the book Prinzip Leben, edited by Kelly and Jo Leinen, which discussed ecological problems and a possible nuclear war.

In the same year, Kelly received the Right Livelihood Award "...for forging and implementing a new vision uniting ecological concerns with disarmament, social justice, and human rights."[2]

On 12 May 1983, Kelly, Gert Bastian and three other Green Bundestag members unfurled a banner on Alexanderplatz in East Berlin, which said "The Greens – Swords to Ploughshares". After being briefly arrested, they met with East German opposition parties. The East German authorities tolerated this since the West German Greens repudiated the NATO Double-Track Decision.[3][4] In October 1983, Erich Honecker, the leader of the German Democratic Republic, met Petra Kelly, Gert Bastian and other Greens. Kelly wore a pullover with the words "Swords to Ploughshares" on it. She demanded the release of all prisoners of the East German peace movement and asked Honecker why he repressed something in the GDR which he supported in the West.[5][6]

Kelly wrote the book Fighting for Hope in 1984, published by South End Press. The book is an urgent call for a world free from violence between North and South, men and women, ourselves and our environment.[7]

In the final years of her life, Kelly became increasingly estranged from most of her party colleagues owing to the pragmatic turn taken by the Greens at the time, while she continued to oppose any alliance with traditional political parties.

Death

On 19 October 1992, the decomposed bodies of Kelly and her partner, ex-general and Green politician Gert Bastian (born 1923), were discovered in the bedroom of her house in Bonn by police officials after they received a call from both Bastian's wife[when defined as?] and Kelly's grandmother who reported that they had not heard from either Bastian or Kelly for a few weeks. The police determined that Kelly was shot dead while sleeping by Bastian, who then killed himself. She was 44, he was 69.[8][9] The last time anyone heard from the couple was on 30 September 1992 when Kelly sent a parcel to her grandmother.[10] Police estimated the deaths had most likely occurred on 1 October but the exact time of death could not be pinpointed owing to the delay in finding the bodies and their resultant state of decomposition.[10][11] Kelly was buried in the Waldfriedhof (forest cemetery) in Würzburg, near the village of Heidingsfeld in Lower Franconia, Bavaria.

Honors

Works

Portrayals

See also

References

  1. ^ Petra Kelly By Josh Kamrar
  2. ^ "The Right Livelihood Award recipient 1982". rightlivelihood.org. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015.
  3. ^ Baron, Udo (2003). Kalter Krieg und heisser Frieden. Der Einfluss der SED und ihrer westdeutschen Verbündeten auf die Partei 'Die Grünen' (in German). Lit Verlag. p. 188. ISBN 3-8258-6108-2.
  4. ^ "Petra Kelly und Gert Bastian". MDR: Damals im Osten.
  5. ^ Kowalczuk, Ilko-Sascha (2009). Endspiel: Die Revolution von 1989 in der DDR (2nd revised ed.). Munich: C.H. Beck. p. 247. ISBN 978-3-406-58357-5.
  6. ^ "Das Petra-Kelly-Archiv". Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung. 5 March 2008.
  7. ^ Kelly, Petra (1984). Fighting for Hope. South End Press. ISBN 0-89608-216-4.
  8. ^ "Who Killed Petra Kelly". Mother Jones. January–February 1993.
  9. ^ "The Death of Petra Kelly". People In Action. December 2004. Archived from the original on 27 May 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2006.
  10. ^ a b Hilton, Isabel (23 October 1992). "What killed Petra Kelly?". The Independent. Archived from the original on 4 December 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  11. ^ "nonviolencespeaks/chapter12.pdf" (PDF). Archived from the original on 19 April 2009.
  12. ^ Adam, David (28 November 2006). "Earthshakers: the top 100 green campaigners of all time". The Guardian.
  13. ^ Happiness Is a Warm Gun at IMDb
  14. ^ Lambert, Shaena (2020). Petra. Random House Canada. ISBN 978-0-7352-7957-5.

Further reading