|Founded||October 1, 1889|
|Motto||Loyalty to God and College|
|Colors||Purple, White and Gold|
later, The Temple
|Merged, to create||Phi Kappa Theta (1959)|
Phi Kappa (ΦΚ) was a social fraternity founded on October 1, 1889 by a group of Catholic students at Brown University who were refused entrance to other fraternities because of their faith. On April 29, 1959, Phi Kappa merged with a similar fraternity Theta Kappa Phi to form Phi Kappa Theta.
Phi Kappa's origin came as a local society at Brown University called Phi Kappa Sigma, meaning Fraternity of Catholic Students. The Founders were:
The Founders did not have in mind the establishment of a full-fledged fraternity, but merely sought to establish a club for Catholic students. However, they soon realized the existence of a much older society with the same name, so in 1900 the name was changed to Phi Kappa. Even though Phi Kappa had its birth in 1889, it celebrated Founders Day as April 29, 1902, the same day as its incorporation under the laws of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. From the beginning the organization emphasized loyalty to alma mater and remained a home for Catholic students who were otherwise unable to join other fraternities.
Expansion was sought out at large schools, and not specifically Catholic institutions. Its Beta chapter was placed at the University of Illinois in 1912 with the adoption of the local Loyola Club. This was soon followed by Gamma chapter at Penn State in 1913. Many of its chapters came from absorption of earlier local groups or Catholic clubs.
Phi Kappa joined the NIC in 1916.
Phi Kappa went on to form 40 chapters prior to its merger with Theta Kappa Phi on April 29, 1959, at which time the two Catholic-affinity fraternities formed Phi Kappa Theta.
At the time of the merger it was found that, despite the size of both organizations, there were only five schools where both fraternities existed: Illinois, Penn State, Ohio State, Missouri and Wisconsin. 32 chapters were active at the time of the merger.
The Fraternity's original magazine was first published in 1916. It was called the Yippa-Yappa, after the nickname of the brotherhood during its early days at Brown.
The badge was square, situated in diamond fashion (called a quatrefoil), with amethysts at each corner. The sides were finished with pearls. The Greek letter Κ, etched, was in the center, superimposed by the Greek letter Φ, in plain (Roman) finish.
The colors were Purple, White, and Gold.
The Fraternity flower was the "Ophelia Rose".
The chapters of Phi Theta in 1959. Active chapters at the time of the merger noted in bold, inactive chapters at the merger noted in italics. Information from Baird's 20th ed., unless otherwise noted.
|Chapter||Institution||Location||Dates of activity||Notes||References|
|Alpha||Brown University||Providence, Rhode Island||October 1, 1889–1930||Granted post-merger name as Rhode Island Alpha chapter of ΦΚΘ|
|Beta||University of Illinois||Urbana, Illinois||May 27, 1912||Merged with ΘΚΦ chapter; now the Illinois Beta Delta chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Gamma||Pennsylvania State University||University Park, Pennsylvania||November 7, 1913||Merged with ΘΚΦ chapter; now the Pennsylvania Beta Gamma chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Delta||University of Iowa||Iowa City, Iowa||March 14, 1914–1932, 1947||Became Iowa Alpha chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Epsilon||University of Kansas||Lawrence, Kansas||October 2, 1915||Became Kansas Epsilon chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Zeta||Purdue University||West Lafayette, Indiana||February 11, 1918||Became Indiana Zeta chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Eta||Massachusetts Institute of Technology||Cambridge, Massachusetts||January 1, 1919||Became Massachusetts Eta chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Theta||Ohio State University||Columbus, Ohio||March 28, 1920||Merged with ΘΚΦ chapter; now the Ohio Gamma Theta chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Iota||Kansas State University||Manhattan, Kansas||April 9, 1921||Became Kansas Iota chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Kappa||University of Missouri||Columbia, Missouri||July 7, 1922–1935, 1948||Merged with ΘΚΦ chapter; now the Missouri Kappa Upsilon chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Lambda||University of Wisconsin–Madison||Madison, Wisconsin||January 7, 1922||Merged with ΘΚΦ colony, now the Wisconsin Lambda chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Mu||University of Pittsburgh||Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania||May 20, 1922||Became Pennsylvania Mu chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Nu||University of Michigan||Ann Arbor, Michigan||February 15, 1924–1935||Became Michigan Nu chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Xi||Iowa State University||Ames, Iowa||February 15, 1924||Became Iowa Xi chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Omicron||University of Cincinnati||Cincinnati, Ohio||January 31, 1925||Became Ohio Omicron chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Pi||University of Nebraska–Lincoln||Lincoln, Nebraska||February 14, 1925–1934||Became Nebraska Pi chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Rho||Carnegie Mellon University||Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania||February 11, 1925||Became Pennsylvania Rho chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Sigma||Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute||Troy, New York||May 23, 1925||Became New York Sigma chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Tau||Syracuse University||Syracuse, New York||June 13, 1925–1935||Became New York Tau chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Upsilon||University of Maine||Orono, Maine||1926–1935||Became Maine Upsilon chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Phi||University of Denver||Denver, Colorado||February 5, 1927–1933, 1949||Became Colorado Phi chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Chi||Bucknell University||Lewisburg, Pennsylvania||February 9, 1929–1933||Became Pennsylvania Chi chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Psi||Ohio University||Athens, Ohio||January 19, 1929||Became Ohio Psi chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Omega||Catholic University of America||Washington, D.C.||February 1, 1930||Became District of Columbia Omega chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Alpha Alpha||Indiana University||Bloomington, Indiana||October 14, 1939||Became Indiana Alpha Alpha chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Alpha Beta||Case Western Reserve University||Cleveland, Ohio||May 31, 1941||Became Ohio Alpha Beta chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Alpha Gamma colony||Trine University||Angola, Indiana||1943–194x||Named, but never installed
A later chapter of ΦΚΘ was installed in 1966, called Indiana Alpha Gamma chapter
|Alpha Delta||Washington State University||Pullman, Washington||December 1, 1946||Became Washington Alpha Delta chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Alpha Epsilon||University of Minnesota||Minneapolis, Minnesota||November 23, 1947||Became Minnesota Alpha Epsilon chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Alpha Zeta||University of Wyoming||Laramie, Wyoming||October 21, 1950||Became Wyoming Alpha Zeta chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Alpha Eta||Manhattan College||Riverdale, Bronx, New York||November 25, 1950||Became New York Alpha Eta chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Alpha Theta||Oregon State University||Corvallis, Oregon||1951||Became Oregon Alpha Theta chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Alpha Iota||University of Arizona||Tucson, Arizona||May 6, 1951||Became Arizona Alpha Iota chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Alpha Kappa||Butler University||Indianapolis, Indiana||May 17, 1953||Became Indiana Alpha Kappa chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Alpha Lambda||Spring Hill College||Mobile, Alabama||April 17, 1955||Became Alabama Alpha Lambda chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Alpha Mu||University of Houston||Houston, Texas||February 18, 1956||Became Texas Alpha Mu chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Alpha Nu||Loyola Marymount University||Los Angeles, California||April 8, 1956||Became California Alpha Nu chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Alpha Xi||Duquesne University||Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania||November 24, 1957||Became Pennsylvania Alpha Xi chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Alpha Omicron||Northern Arizona University||Flagstaff, Arizona||1958||Became Arizona Alpha Omicron chapter of ΦΚΘ|||
|Alpha Pi||University of Texas at Austin||Austin, Texas||April 5, 1959||Became Texas Alpha Pi chapter of ΦΚΘ|||