Several rows of men standing and clapping; in the front is a smiling, brown-skinned man holding a white baseball jersey with "Obama" and a large "44" in red on the rear toward camera
The 2008 Philadelphia Phillies, pictured here with former President Barack Obama, defeated the Tampa Bay Rays to win the franchise's second World Series championship;[1] 40 players represented the Phillies during that season.[2]

The Philadelphia Phillies are a Major League Baseball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They are a member of the Eastern Division of Major League Baseball's National League. The team has played officially under two names since beginning play in 1883: the current moniker, as well as the "Quakers", which was used in conjunction with "Phillies" during the team's early history.[3][4] The team was also known unofficially as the "Blue Jays" during the World War II era.[5] Since the franchise's inception, 2,081 players have made an appearance in a competitive game for the team, whether as an offensive player (batting and baserunning) or a defensive player (fielding, pitching, or both).

Thirty-two players in Phillies history have been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. Those players for whom the Hall recognizes the Phillies as their primary team include Grover Cleveland Alexander, Richie Ashburn, Dave Bancroft, Steve Carlton, Ed Delahanty, Billy Hamilton, Chuck Klein, Robin Roberts, Mike Schmidt, and Sam Thompson; manager Harry Wright was also inducted for his contributions with the club.[6] The Phillies have retired numbers for seven players, including Schmidt (#20), Carlton (#32), Ashburn (#1), Roberts (#36), Allen (#15), Halladay (#34), and Jim Bunning (#14); the eighth retired number is Jackie Robinson's #42, which was retired throughout baseball in 1997. The Phillies also honor two additional players with the letter "P" in the manner of a retired number: Alexander played before numbers were used in the major leagues; and Klein wore a variety of numbers in his Phillies career.[7]

Forty Phillies players have been elected to the Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame. All of the players listed above (save Robinson) have been elected; also included are Bobby Abreu, Dick Allen, Bob Boone, Larry Bowa, Pat Burrell, Johnny Callison, Gavvy Cravath, Darren Daulton, Del Ennis, Jimmie Foxx, Dallas Green, Granny Hamner, Willie Jones, John Kruk, Mike Lieberthal, Greg Luzinski, Garry Maddox, Sherry Magee, Tug McGraw, Juan Samuel, Curt Schilling, Bobby Shantz, Chris Short, Curt Simmons, Tony Taylor, Jim Thome, Manny Trillo, John Vukovich, and Cy Williams. Foxx and Shantz were inducted for their contributions as members of the Philadelphia Athletics. Four non-players are also members of the Wall of Fame for their contributions to the Phillies: team executive Paul Owens, broadcaster Harry Kalas, manager Charlie Manuel and general manager Pat Gillick.[8]

A double row of two-tone bronze-colored plaques mounted on a brick wall
One Phillies player or team figure has been inducted into the Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame annually since 1978.[8]
Two rows of men, one standing behind one seated, of men wearing old-style white baseball uniforms and striped pillbox caps
The 1887 Phillies began to play at Baker Bowl, their long-term home, after four years playing in Recreation Park.[9]

Key to abbreviations in column headers
Bat Number of batters[a]
Pitch Number of pitchers
HoF Number of members of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum
WoF Number of members of the Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame
Ret # Number of players for whom a number has been retired
Two rows of men wearing old-style dark-colored baseball uniforms with "PHILA" on the chest; in the rear center stands a bearded man with a high dark top hat and a Victorian-era suit
The 1888 Phillies, sometimes known as the "Quakers", were skippered by manager Harry Wright (back row, center).[10]
Two rows of men wearing white old-style baseball uniforms with large block "P"s over the left breast and old-style crownless baseball caps
The 1915 Phillies made the franchise's first World Series appearance, led by Wall of Fame outfielder Gavvy Cravath and Hall of Fame pitcher Grover Cleveland Alexander.[11]
List of letters, showing the number of players whose surnames start with each letter and who meet various qualifications
Letter Players[12][13] Bat[12] Pitch[13] HoF[14] WoF[8] Ret #[7]
A 51 34 17 3 2 2
B 180 95 85 4 4 1
C 143[C] 78 66 2 3 1
D 100[D] 60 40 2 2 0
E 32 16 16 1 1 0
F 79[F] 43 38 2 1 0
G 82[G] 50 33 0 1 0
H 133[H] 73 62 1 2 0
I 10 7 3 0 0 0
J 57 27 30 2 1 0
K 68 32 36 2 2 1
L 101[L] 56 46 1 1 0
M 202[M] 115 89 2 3 0
N 33[N] 17 17 1 0 0
O 26 15 11 0 0 0
P 88 45 43 1 0 0
Q 5 2 3 0 0 0
R 97 49 48 2 1 1
S 187[S] 99 90 3 5 1
T 58 36 22 1 2 0
U 6 3 3 0 0 0
V 24 15 9 0 2 0
W 114[W] 60 55 2 1 0
X 0
Y 8 6 2 0 0 0
Z 7 4 3 0 0 0
Total 2,081 1,037 871 32 32 8[‡]

See also

Footnotes

A row of men wearing gray baseball uniforms with red trim and red baseball helmets standing in a line down a dirt path on a grass field
The 2010 Phillies amassed Major League Baseball's best win–loss record for the first time in franchise history.[15]
Key
Table

References

General
Inline citations
  1. ^ "Phillies win World Series". Colorado Springs Gazette. October 29, 2008. Archived from the original on June 14, 2012. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
  2. ^ "2008 Philadelphia Phillies Payroll, Roster, Uniform Numbers". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 30, 2011.
  3. ^ "Phillies Timeline". Phillies.MLB.com. Retrieved September 30, 2010.
  4. ^ "Philadelphia Phillies Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved September 30, 2010.
  5. ^ Roberts, Robin; Rogers, C. Paul (1996). The Whiz Kids and the 1950 Pennant. Temple University Press. p. 29. ISBN 978-1-56639-466-6. Retrieved September 30, 2010.
  6. ^ "Hall of Famers". National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved October 22, 2010.
  7. ^ a b "Phillies Retired numbers". Phillies.MLB.com. Retrieved October 22, 2010.
  8. ^ a b c "Phillies Wall of Fame". Phillies.MLB.com. Retrieved September 30, 2010.
  9. ^ Gordon, Robert; Burgoyne, Tom (2005). Movin' On Up. BB&A Publishers. pp. 114–115. ISBN 0-9754419-3-0.
  10. ^ "1888 Philadelphia Quakers Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
  11. ^ "1915 Philadelphia Quakers Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
  12. ^ a b "Philadelphia Phillies Player Career Batting Register". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved August 11, 2010.
  13. ^ a b "Philadelphia Phillies Player Career Pitching Register". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved August 11, 2010.
  14. ^ "National Baseball Hall of Fame Members" (PDF). National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved August 11, 2010.[permanent dead link]
  15. ^ Zolecki, Todd (October 3, 2010). "For first time, Phillies finish with best record". Phillies.MLB.com. Retrieved October 7, 2010.