|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Louisiana's 2nd district
March 4, 1831 – March 3, 1835
|Preceded by||Henry Hosford Gurley|
|Succeeded by||Eleazer Wheelock Ripley|
|Born||February 9, 1763|
Orange County, Virginia
|Died||November 18, 1847 (aged 84)|
Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Philemon Thomas (February 9, 1763 – November 18, 1847) was a member of the United States House of Representatives representing the state of Louisiana. He served two terms as a Democrat (1831–1835).
Philemon was born in Orange County, Virginia. He served in the American forces during Revolutionary War and later moved to Kentucky. He was a member of Kentucky's Constitutional Convention and served in the state House and state Senate. In 1806 he moved to Louisiana. He commanded troops who on 1810 September 23 captured the Spanish fort in at Baton Rouge, commencing the West Florida Rebellion of 1810. A few days later the West Florida Assembly, meeting at Saint Francisville, commissioned General Philemon Thomas to march the West Florida Army across the newly proclaimed Republic.
According to Southeastern Louisiana University history professor Sam Hyde,
Philemon Thomas served in the War of 1812 and later served two terms in Congress. He ran for Governor twice, in 1824 and in 1828. He died in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and is interred there in the Baton Rouge National Cemetery.