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Philip II Philoromaeus
Friend of the Romans
Posthumous Philip I.jpg
Coin possibly representing Philip II
King of the Seleucid Empire
(King of Syria)
Reign65–64 BC - client king under Pompey, for a time in opposition to Antiochus XIII Asiaticus
PredecessorAntiochus XIII Asiaticus
DiedPossibly 56 BC
FatherPhilip I Philadelphus

Philip II Philoromaeus (Ancient Greek: Φίλιππος ὁ Φιλορωμαῖος, "Friend of the Romans") or Barypous (Βαρύπους, "Heavy-foot"), a ruler of the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire, was the son of the Seleucid king Philip I Philadelphus, and the last Seleucid king.


Philip II himself briefly ruled parts of Syria in the 60s BC, as a client king under Pompey. He competed with his second cousin Antiochus XIII Asiaticus for the favours of the great Roman general, but Pompey would have none of them and had Antiochus murdered. No coins of Philip II are known, which is unusual for Seleucid rulers (the ephemeral Seleucus V Philometor is the only other king for whom this is the case). This may indicate that Philip did not rule in any of the mint cities.

Philip may have survived his deposition: a Seleucid prince Philip is mentioned as a prospective bridegroom to queen Berenice IV of Egypt, sister of Cleopatra VII in 56 BC. The union was, however, checked by the Roman governor of Syria Aulus Gabinius who probably had Philip II killed.

Philip himself was indeed an insignificant pawn, but with him ended eleven generations of Seleucid kings, arguably some of the most influential rulers of the Hellenistic world.

See also




Philip II Philoromaeus Seleucid dynastyBorn: Unknown Died: Possibly 56 BC Regnal titles Preceded byAntiochus XIII Asiaticus Seleucid King (King of Syria) 65–64 BC Annexation to the Roman Republic