Philip M. Breedlove
|17th Supreme Allied Commander Europe (NATO)|
May 13, 2013 – May 4, 2016
|Preceded by||James G. Stavridis|
|Succeeded by||Curtis Scaparrotti|
|35th Commander-in-Chief of The United States Air Forces in Europe|
July 27, 2012 – May 13, 2013
|Preceded by||Mark Welsh|
|Succeeded by||Frank Gorenc|
|36th Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force|
January 14, 2011 – July 27, 2012
|Preceded by||Carrol H. Chandler|
|Succeeded by||Larry O. Spencer|
Philip Mark Breedlove
September 21, 1955
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Branch/service||United States Air Force|
|Years of service||1977–2016|
Philip Mark Breedlove (born September 21, 1955) is a retired four-star general in the United States Air Force who served as the commander of U.S. European Command, as well as the 17th Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) of NATO Allied Command Operations, from May 2013 until May 4, 2016. He previously served as the commander of U.S. Air Forces Europe, which he concurrently served as commander of U.S. Air Forces Africa, commander of Air Component Command, Ramstein, and director of Joint Air Power Competence Center. He previously served as the 36th vice chief of staff of the United States Air Force from January 14, 2011, to July 27, 2012. On 10 May 2013, in a ceremony in Stuttgart, Germany, Breedlove took over the command of USEUCOM. Three days later, on May 13, 2013, he assumed command as SACEUR.
On 11 March 2017, NATO's Atlantic Council designated US Army General Curtis Scaparrotti as Breedlove's successor. Scaparrotti took command in Europe on 3 May 2017 (EUCOM) and on 4 May 2018 (SACEUR).
Breedlove was born in Atlanta and raised in Forest Park, Georgia. He received his commission after graduating from the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1977 where he was a member of Pi Kappa Alpha. From March 1978 and going on for the next year, he was a student, undergraduate pilot training, at Williams Air Force Base, Arizona. From March until August of the next year, he was in pilot instructor training at Randolph Air Force Base, Texas. From August 1979 to January 1983, he became a T-37 Tweet instructor pilot, evaluation flight examiner and runway supervisory unit controller at Williams. He then became an F-16 Fighting Falcon student pilot at MacDill Air Force Base in Florida until September 1983. After that, he transferred to Torrejon Air Base, Spain, from September 1983 to January 1985, where he was the F-16 aircraft commander and instructor pilot for the 614th Tactical Fighter Squadron.
Breedlove became an air liaison officer from January 1985 to March 1987 with the 602nd Air Support Operations Group, Kitzingen Army Airfield, West Germany. He later transferred to the 526th Tactical Fighter Squadron, Ramstein Air Base, West Germany, from March 1987 to January 1988. Eventually, he was Chief of Flight Safety, 316th Air Division, at Ramstein, until August 1988. For the next two years, he became first an F-16 flight commander, then assistant operations officer of the 512th Tactical Fighter Squadron, also at Ramstein. From August 1990 to July 1991, he was a student at the Air Command and Staff College located at Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama. Also in that year, he earned his Master of Science degree in aeronautical technology from Arizona State University. Beginning in July 1991 and going to May 1993, he was the Chief of Air Operations, United Nations Command and Republic of Korea/United States Combined Forces Command, Yongsan Army Garrison, South Korea.
Starting in May 1993, Breedlove was the commander of the 80th Fighter Squadron at Kunsan Air Base, South Korea. This position lasted until July 1994, when he became a student at the National War College, Fort Lesley J. McNair, Washington D.C.. In June 1995, he became the operations officer, United States Pacific Command Division, Joint Staff, The Pentagon, Washington D.C., where he stayed until June. That next month, he became commander of the 27th Operations Group, Cannon Air Force Base, New Mexico. In June 1999 and going to that next May, he was the executive officer to the Commander, Headquarters Air Combat Command, Langley Air Force Base, Virginia. For the next year, he was the commander of the 8th Fighter Wing, Kunsan Air Base, South Korea. Beginning in June 2001 and lasting for the next year, he was the senior military assistant to the Secretary of the Air Force, Headquarters United States Air Force, Washington D.C.
From June 2002 to June 2004, he became the commander of the 56th Fighter Wing, located at Luke Air Force Base, Arizona. Then for the next year, he became commander of the 31st Fighter Wing, Aviano Air Base, Italy. He then became the vice commander of the 16th Air Force at Ramstein Air Base, Germany, from June 2005 to October 2006. His next assignment, which lasted until July 2008, had him as the Vice Director for Strategic Plans and Policy, Joint Staff, The Pentagon, Washington D.C.. From July 2008 to August 2009, he was the commander of the 3rd Air Force, located at Ramstein Air Base, Germany. In August 2009, he began serving as the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations, Plans and Requirements, Headquarters United States Air Force, Washington D.C.
On January 14, 2011, Breedlove started his term as Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force. His promotion to general also was effective that day.
In July 2012 Breedlove left his position as Vice Chief of Staff to become commander of the United States Air Forces in Europe.
In May 2013 Breedlove assumed command of U.S. European Command and NATO Allied Command Operations as the Supreme Allied Commander Europe. In that capacity, he was stationed at SHAPE Headquarters outside Mons, Belgium.
He is regularly quoted in western media. In July 2013, he told the BBC about his views on the longevity of the Afghan war. In April 2014, he spoke with CNN regarding the Russian troop buildup on the Ukrainian border.
In March 2015 he spoke on Ukrainian 1+1 channel on which he said that Russia has militarized Crimea. In May 2015, he told the Atlantic Council that freedom is being challenged by "a revanchist Russia embarked on a reaching revision of what once were shared hopes for a stable and mutually beneficial partnership." In February 2016, during his testimony before the House Armed Services Committee, he said that "the U.S. military must rebuild in Europe to face a more aggressive Russia, which has chosen to be an adversary and poses a long-term existential threat to the United States".
Breedlove received the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement presented by Awards Council member General Joseph W. Ralston, USAF, in 2014.
Breedlove is on the board of directors at the Atlantic Council, as well as being an advisory board member of Spirit of America, a 501(c)(3) organization that supports the safety and success of Americans serving abroad and the local people and partners they seek to help. Breedlove is also on the board of advisors of the Center for a New American Security (CNAS), a think tank funded by the likes of Northrop Grumman, Neal Blue of General Atomics, Lockheed Martin, and the U.S. government, among other governments and corporations.
Speaking with a panel on the topic of the Ukraine border crisis at the Atlantic Council in 2018, the subject outlined a range of measures which should be considered to counter Russian aggression such as financial targeting of certain Russian oligarchs, professionalization of military units, long-range precision fires, and shore-based cruise missiles.
|US Air Force Command Pilot Badge|
|Joint Chiefs of Staff Badge|
|Headquarters Air Force badge|
|Defense Distinguished Service Medal|
|Air Force Distinguished Service Medal with bronze oak leaf cluster|
|Defense Superior Service Medal|
|Legion of Merit with three bronze oak leaf clusters|
|Defense Meritorious Service Medal with bronze oak leaf cluster|
|Meritorious Service Medal with three bronze oak leaf clusters|
|Aerial Achievement Medal|
|Joint Service Commendation Medal|
|Air Force Achievement Medal|
|Joint Meritorious Unit Award with bronze oak leaf cluster|
|Air Force Outstanding Unit Award with four bronze oak leaf clusters|
|Combat Readiness Medal with bronze oak leaf cluster|
|National Defense Service Medal with bronze service star|
|Global War on Terrorism Service Medal|
|Korea Defense Service Medal|
|Air Force Overseas Short Tour Service Ribbon with two bronze oak leaf clusters|
|Air Force Overseas Long Tour Service Ribbon with four bronze oak leaf clusters|
|Air Force Longevity Service Award with one silver and three bronze oak leaf clusters|
|Air Force Training Ribbon|
|Commander's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland|
|1st Class of the Order of the Cross of the Eagle (Estonia)|
|Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, Grand Officer|
|Order of the Golden Fleece (Georgia)|
|NATO Meritorious Service Medal|
|Inter-American Defense Board Medal with one gold service star|
On May 1, 2015, General Breedlove was presented with the Atlantic Council's Distinguished Military Leadership Award.
|General||Jan. 14, 2011|
|Lieutenant general||July 21, 2008|
|Major general||June 23, 2006|
|Brigadier general||Oct. 1, 2003|
|Colonel||Jan. 1, 1998|
|Lieutenant colonel||June 1, 1993|
|Major||Nov. 1, 1988|
|Captain||Dec. 10, 1981|
|First lieutenant||Dec. 10, 1979|
|Second lieutenant||June 1, 1977|
((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
Members of the American Academy of Achievement: Admiral William H. McRaven, USN, General Philip M. Breedlove, USAF, and General David Petraeus, USA.