Philip Pearsall Carpenter
Born(1819-04-11)11 April 1819
Bristol, Somerset, England, United Kingdom
Died24 May 1877(1877-05-24) (aged 58)
Ste-Antoine Ward, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Years active1841–1877
Known forMinister, malacologist, conchologist
Parent(s)Lant Carpenter, Anna Penn
RelativesWilliam Benjamin Carpenter (brother)
Mary Carpenter (sister)
Russell Lant Carpenter (brother)

Philip Pearsall Carpenter Rev. Dr. (4 November 1819 – 24 May 1877) was ordained Presbyterian minister in England in 1841,[1] and earned a Doctorate of Philosophy in 1860.[2] His field work as a malacologist or conchologist in North America is still well regarded today.[3] A man of many talents, he wrote, published, taught, and was a volunteer explaining the growing study of shells in North America.[4]


Philip P. Carpenter was born in Bristol, England on 4 November 1819. His father was Lant Carpenter. His mother was Anna or Hannah Penn, daughter of John Penn and Mary. Anna was christened on 11 May 1787 in Bromsgrove, Worcester, England.[5]

P. P. Carpenter, as he was called, was educated at Trinity Bristol College, and then Manchester College at York, gaining a BA from the University of London in 1841, the year of his ordination as a minister.[6]

Carpenter was a Presbyterian minister in Warrington between 1846 and 1862 and he studied the collection of shells in the local museum between 1860 and 1865, before moving to Canada.[7]

He married Minnie Meyer in 1860. Minnie was born about 1830 in Hamburg, Germany. Her parents are unknown. In 1881 she was still living in their house in the Saint Antoine Ward of Montreal.[8]

P. P. Carpenter died 24 May 1877 in Ste-Antoine Ward, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, of typhoid complicated by rheumatism.[9][10]

A memorial drinking fountain to Carpenter is situated in Bank gardens by the town hall in Warrington.[7]

Notable siblings

Mary Carpenter was born on 3 April 1807 in Kidderminster, Worcester, England. She died on 14 June 1877 and was buried in Arnos Vale, Bristol, England. Mary was founder of the Ragged school movement. Mentioned in brother William's insert in the Dictionary of Scientific Biography by Charles Coulton Gillispie. She was a social reformer.[5]

William Benjamin Carpenter was born on 29 October 1813 in Exeter, Devon, England. He died on 19 November 1885 in London and was buried in Highgate Cemetery, London.[5]

Russell Lant Carpenter was born in 1816 in Kidderminster, Worcester, England. and was christened in Devon. He died in 1892.[5][11]

Partial bibliography


  1. ^ Dall, W.H. 1877. Dr. Philip Pearsall Carpenter. American Naturalist 11(8):504–505., "Dr. P.P. Carpenter was educated as a clergyman, and may be said to have never left the clerical mantle, so far as a continuance of earnest labors in all matters of moral and sanitary reform may be concerned.
  2. ^ Coan, E.V. 1969. A bibliography of the biological writings of Philip Pearsall Carpenter. Veliger 12(2):222–225. His degree focused on Conchology. Pandoridae, Caecidae, and Chitonidae from the Regents of the State of New York.
  3. ^ Palmer, K.V.W. 1956. Philip P. Carpenter, his life and work in Pacific Coast conchology. (Abstract). American Malacological Union, Inc. Annual Reports. 1956(22):5–6.
  4. ^ See: which lists his volunteer positions among his other occupations; 1833–1858 British Museum and 1858–1860 New York State Cabinet of Natural History in Albany, NY.
  5. ^ a b c d Carpenters' Encyclopedia of Carpenters 2009, DVD format. The subject in RIN 25572.
  6. ^ Carpenter, Philip Pearsall; Carpenter, Russell Lant (1880). Memoirs of the Life and Work of Philip Pearsall Carpenter: Chiefly Derived from His Letters. London: C. Kegan Paul & Company. p. 35.
  7. ^ a b Warrington Museum – Conchology[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ Carpenters' Encyclopedia of Carpenters 2009, DVD format. Canada census schedules 1881, Department of Agriculture, Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario; nos.: C-13162 – C-13286, Rec. group 31 – C-13219 page 79, household 347.
  9. ^ Conde, V. 1961. Redpath Museum. [A memorial to Philip Pearsall Carpenter]. (Abstract). American Malacological Union, Inc. Annual Reports. 1960(27):12–13.
  10. ^ Dall, W.H. 1877. Dr. Philip Pearsall Carpenter. American Naturalist 11(8):504–505.
  11. ^ See British National Record Archives: [1][permanent dead link] Historical Manuscripts Commission, UK National Register of Archives, Russell Lant Carpenter, (1816–1892) Unitarian minister, corresp and papers, Oxford University: Harris Manchester College Library, Reference : MSS [R] L Carpenter, see Catalogue of manuscripts in Harris Manchester College Oxford, 1998.

Further reading