π1 Orionis
Red circle.svg
Location of π1 Orionis (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
Constellation Orion
Right ascension 04h 54m 53.72877s[1]
Declination +10° 09′ 02.9952″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 4.74[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type A3 Va[3]
U−B color index +0.09[2]
B−V color index +0.08[2]
Astrometry
Proper motion (μ) RA: +41.49[1] mas/yr
Dec.: −128.73[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)28.04 ± 0.25[1] mas
Distance116 ± 1 ly
(35.7 ± 0.3 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)1.76±0.08[4]
Details
Mass1.97±0.07[4] M
Radius1.67[5] R
Luminosity16.6[5] L
Surface gravity (log g)4.15[3] cgs
Temperature8,611[3] K
Metallicity [Fe/H]−1.24[3] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i)120[6] km/s
Age100[5] Myr
Other designations
π1 Ori, 7 Orionis, BD+09°683, HD 31295, HIP 22845, HR 1570, SAO 94201[7]
Database references
SIMBADdata

Pi1 Orionis1 Ori, π1 Orionis) is a star in the equatorial constellation of Orion. It is faintly visible to the naked eye with an apparent visual magnitude of 4.74.[2] Based upon an annual parallax shift of 28.04 mas,[1] it is located about 116 light-years from the Sun.

This is an A-type main-sequence star with a stellar classification of A3 Va.[3] It is a Lambda Boötis star,[8] which means the spectrum shows lower-than-expected abundances for heavier elements.[9] Pi1 Orionis is a relatively young star, just 100 million years old,[5] and is spinning fairly rapidly with a projected rotational velocity of 120 km/s.[6] It has nearly double[4] the mass of the Sun and 167% of the Sun's radius. The star radiates 16.6[5] times the solar luminosity from its outer atmosphere at an effective temperature of 8,611 K.[3]

An infrared excess indicates there is a debris disk with a temperature of 80 K orbiting 49 AU from the star. The dust has a combined mass 2.2% that of the Earth.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (2007), "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 474 (2): 653–664, arXiv:0708.1752, Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357, S2CID 18759600.
  2. ^ a b c d Mermilliod, J.-C. (1986), "Compilation of Eggen's UBV data, transformed to UBV (unpublished)", Catalogue of Eggen's UBV Data, SIMBAD, Bibcode:1986EgUBV........0M.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Gray, R. O.; et al. (July 2006), "Contributions to the Nearby Stars (NStars) Project: spectroscopy of stars earlier than M0 within 40 pc-The Southern Sample", The Astronomical Journal, 132 (1): 161–170, arXiv:astro-ph/0603770, Bibcode:2006AJ....132..161G, doi:10.1086/504637, S2CID 119476992.
  4. ^ a b c Gerbaldi, M.; et al. (June 1999), "Search for reference A0 dwarf stars: Masses and luminosities revisited with HIPPARCOS parallaxes", Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement, 137 (2): 273–292, Bibcode:1999A&AS..137..273G, doi:10.1051/aas:1999248.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Rhee, Joseph H.; et al. (May 2007), "Characterization of Dusty Debris Disks: The IRAS and Hipparcos Catalogs", The Astrophysical Journal, 660 (2): 1556–1571, arXiv:astro-ph/0609555, Bibcode:2007ApJ...660.1556R, doi:10.1086/509912, S2CID 11879505.
  6. ^ a b Royer, F.; et al. (February 2007), "Rotational velocities of A-type stars. III. Velocity distributions", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 463 (2): 671–682, arXiv:astro-ph/0610785, Bibcode:2007A&A...463..671R, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20065224, S2CID 18475298.
  7. ^ "* pi.01 Ori". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2016-11-15.CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  8. ^ Gray, R. O.; Corbally, C. J. (August 1993), "A search for Lambda Bootis stars in OB associations", Astronomical Journal, 106 (2): 632–636, Bibcode:1993AJ....106..632G, doi:10.1086/116668.
  9. ^ Kamp, I.; et al. (April 2008), "λ Bootis stars: Current status and new insights from Spitzer", Contributions of the Astronomical Observatory Skalnaté Pleso, 38 (2): 147–156, Bibcode:2008CoSka..38..147K.