Pingfang
平房区
Location of Pingfang in Harbin
Location of Pingfang in Harbin
Harbin in Heilongjiang
Harbin in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 45°36′12″N 126°37′42″E / 45.6033°N 126.6284°E / 45.6033; 126.6284Coordinates: 45°36′12″N 126°37′42″E / 45.6033°N 126.6284°E / 45.6033; 126.6284[1]
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHeilongjiang
Sub-provincial cityHarbin
Area
 • Total98.0 km2 (37.8 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[3]
 • Total190,253
 • Density1,900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

Pingfang District (simplified Chinese: 平房区; traditional Chinese: 平房區; pinyin: Píngfáng Qū) is one of nine districts of the prefecture-level city of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China, forming part of the city's urban core. The least spacious of Harbin's county-level divisions, it borders the districts of Xiangfang to the north, Acheng to the east, Shuangcheng to the southwest, and Nangang to the west.

History

Pingfang was the headquarters of the Japanese Biological Warfare Unit 731 during the Japanese invasion of China and World War II. It had an airport, railway and dungeons. Most of Pingfang was burnt by Japanese officials to destroy evidence but the incinerator where the remains of victims were burnt remains and is still in use as part of a factory.

Administrative divisions

Pingfang District is divided into 9 subdistricts and 1 town.[4]

9 subdistricts
1 town

Economy

Pingfang is an industrial center of Harbin nowadays. Hafei (a factory producing helicopters, small airplanes, minivans, and cars), Dongan (a factory producing aircraft and automobile engines), and Northeast Light Alloy Processing Plant are the three major manufacturers there.

Harbin Aircraft Industry Group (Hafei) has its headquarters in the district.[5]

References

  1. ^ Google (2014-07-02). "Pingfang" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
  2. ^ Harbin Statistical Yearbook 2011 (《哈尔滨统计年鉴2011》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
  3. ^ 2010 Census Harbin primary statistics report (《哈尔滨市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报》). Accessed 8 July 2014.
  4. ^ "国家统计局 2019" (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2021-12-07.
  5. ^ "Home Archived 2009-11-23 at the Wayback Machine" (English). Harbin Aircraft Industry Group. Retrieved on August 8, 2014. "ADDRESS: NO,15, YOUXIE STREET, PINGFANG DISTRICT, HARBIN." - Chinese address Archived 2014-08-09 at the Wayback Machine: "地址:哈尔滨市平房区友协大街15号"