Pittsburg, Kansas
Aerial view of downtown Pittsburg (2017)
Aerial view of downtown Pittsburg (2017)
Location within Crawford County and Kansas
Location within Crawford County and Kansas
KDOT map of Crawford County (legend)
Coordinates: 37°24′39″N 94°42′18″W / 37.41083°N 94.70500°W / 37.41083; -94.70500Coordinates: 37°24′39″N 94°42′18″W / 37.41083°N 94.70500°W / 37.41083; -94.70500[1]
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyCrawford
Founded1876
Incorporated1880
Named forPittsburgh*
Government
 • TypeCommission/Manager
 • MayorCheryl Brooks [2]
 • City ManagerDaron Hall [3]
Area
 • Total13.16 sq mi (34.09 km2)
 • Land13.06 sq mi (33.84 km2)
 • Water0.10 sq mi (0.25 km2)
Elevation945 ft (288 m)
Population
 • Total20,646
 • Density1,600/sq mi (610/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
66762
Area code620
FIPS code20-56025 [1]
GNIS ID469594 [1]
Websitepittks.org

Pittsburg is a city in Crawford County, Kansas, United States,[1] located in southeast Kansas near the Missouri state border. It is the most populous city in Crawford County and southeast Kansas. As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 20,646.[5][6] It is home of Pittsburg State University.

History

See also: History of Kansas

On October 23, 1864, a wagon train of refugees had come from Fort Smith, Arkansas, and was escorted by troops from the 6th Kansas Cavalry under the command of Col. William Campbell. These were local men from Cherokee, Crawford, and Bourbon counties. Their enlistment was over, and they were on their way to Fort Leavenworth to be dismissed from service. They ran into the 1st Indian Brigade led by Maj. Andrew Jackson Piercy near the current Pittsburg Waste Water Treatment Plant. They continued to the north when a small group of wagons broke away in an unsuccessful rush to safety. The Confederate troops caught up with them and burned the wagons. The death toll was three Union soldiers and 13 civilian men who had been with the wagon train. It was likely that one of the Confederates had also been killed. A granite marker memorial for the "Cow Creek Skirmish" was placed near the Crawford County Historical Museum on October 30, 2011.[7]

Pittsburg sprang up in the fall of 1876 on a railroad line being built through the neighborhood.[8] It was named after Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania,[9] and maps of the time give the town's name as "New Pittsburgh". George Hobson and Franklin Playter are credited with being the city's founders, establishing a government after its beginnings as a coal mining camp in the 1870s. The city was incorporated in 1879.[10] The “New” was dropped upon incorporation of the City as a third class city on June 21, 1880, with M. M. Snow as its first Mayor. In 1892 it was advanced to a city of the second class, in 1905 Pittsburg attained the rank of first class.

The Kansas City Southern's Southern Belle at Pittsburg in 1967. The railroad spurred the establishment of the town.
The Kansas City Southern's Southern Belle at Pittsburg in 1967. The railroad spurred the establishment of the town.
Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Church (2012)
Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic Church (2012)

The first dwelling was built by J. T. Roach in July 1876.[11] The first post office in Pittsburg was established in August, 1876. The post office's name was shortened from "New Pittsburgh" to "Pittsburgh" in 1881 and to "Pittsburg" in 1894.[12] The latter renaming came after the United States Board on Geographic Names, in the interest of standardization, recommended that the 'h' be dropped from place names ending in "burgh".[13]

Pittsburg is the home to Pittsburg State University, founded in 1903 as a normal training institution. Through the years the College became more diversified in its aims and goals, so that it became a multi-purpose institution. It has always had a strong manual and industrial arts program and has trained many of the area's public and private school teachers.

In 1879, two miners from Joplin began the first commercial attempts at mining in close proximity of Broadway Street. A relic of the city's coal mining days was the Pittsburg & Midway Coal Company, founded in 1885, and one of the oldest continuously running coal companies in the United States (even though its headquarters moved several years ago to Denver, Colorado after the Kansas mines closed). In September 2007, Chevron which owned the company, merged it with its Molycorp Inc. coal mining division to form Chevron Mining, thus ending the Pittsburg corporate name.[14] Midway referred to a coal camp in eastern Crawford County, Kansas that was "midway" between Baxter Springs, Kansas and Fort Scott, Kansas.[15] Kenneth A. Spencer, whose father was among the founders of the company was to play an important role in Kansas and Missouri philanthropy.[citation needed]

Pittsburg was also the most heavily unionized city in Kansas at the beginning of the 20th century.[16] In addition to some coal mining, the economic base of the City now rests on industry.

The city has a rich cultural heritage from many Southern and Eastern European mine workers who settled in and around Pittsburg and Southeastern Kansas. It is situated in a once productive coal field. It now relies heavily on education and government-related employment.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.90 square miles (33.41 km2), of which, 12.80 square miles (33.15 km2) is land and 0.10 square miles (0.26 km2) is water.[17] Pittsburg sits in the Ozark Highlands region, a mix of prairie and forests.

It lies 90 miles (140 km) west of Springfield, Missouri, 124 miles (200 km) south of Kansas City, Missouri, and 137 miles (220 km) northeast of Tulsa, Oklahoma.

Climate

Pittsburg has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) bordering on a hot-summer humid continental climate (Dfa). Summers are hot and humid, with as many as 73 mornings per year staying above 68 °F or 20 °C and eight mornings remaining above 77 °F or 25 °C – indeed in July 2012 the temperature did not fall below 69 °F or 20.6 °C.[18] The hottest morning, however, was on August 10, 2006 when the temperature did not fall below 83 °F (28.3 °C), and the hottest temperature has been 115 °F (46.1 °C) on July 13 and 14, 1954.[18] Heavy thunderstorm rains often punctuate the heat with heavy rainfall: 7.93 inches or 201.4 millimetres fell on July 30, 2013. Periods of hot weather without much rain are not uncommon: only trace precipitation fell between July 28 and September 10, 2000, and only 0.22 inches (5.6 mm) between July 7 and August 20, 1984.

During the fall season, temperatures cool off fairly rapidly: the last 90 °F or 32.2 °C temperature can be expected on September 22, and by the end of October temperatures have usually fallen to a comfortable level. Heavy rainfall from frontal systems or remnant tropical storms are common during this period: the wettest day with 8.77 inches (222.8 mm) was on September 25, 1993, a year which saw 47.85 inches (1,215.4 mm) between April and September as against only 10.54 inches (267.7 mm) during the same period in 1980. September 1993 was also the wettest month on record with 19.37 inches or 492.0 millimetres, while the wettest calendar year overall has been 1985 with 66.52 inches (1,689.6 mm) and the driest 1963 with only 21.50 inches (546.1 mm).

As with all of Kansas, winter weather is extremely variable, although extreme maxima are not as hot as in the southwest of the state as Pittsburg is far from the influence of hot chinook winds. Arctic outbreaks bring temperatures to or below 0 °F or −17.8 °C on average once per winter, while maxima over 70 °F or 21.1 °C can be expected four times between December and February. Winter weather is less dry than in most of Kansas since moist Gulf air often penetrates without reaching most of the state: December 2015 saw 7.91 inches (200.9 mm) of rain, and the very cold January 1979 saw sixteen days with at least 0.01 inches or 0.25 millimetres of measurable precipitation. Because the moister air masses are warm, heavy snowfall is uncommon in Pittsburg: the mean is 11.9 inches or 0.30 metres and only twelve months have seen more than 10 inches or 0.25 metres, with the most in a month being 24.5 inches (0.62 m) in January 1979. The most snow in a day has been 13 inches (0.33 m) on December 13, 2000, and the most snow on the ground 14 inches (0.36 m) on February 4 and 5, 2011 and March 17, 1970.

Spring weather is changeable and often suspect to severe storms: Pittsburg lies in the heart of “Tornado Alley”. The changeable weather from hot to cold can be accompanied by frequent heavy precipitation: Pittsburg can expect 20.24 inches or 514.1 millimetres of precipitation between March and June, approximately what Dodge City or Liberal further west receive in a whole year. Temperatures warm up during the spring: the first temperature of 80 °F (26.7 °C) can be expected on March 27, but the first of 90 °F (32.2 °C) does not normally occur until May 28.

Climate data for Pittsburg, Kansas (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1950–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 74
(23)
82
(28)
87
(31)
94
(34)
94
(34)
105
(41)
115
(46)
109
(43)
106
(41)
96
(36)
83
(28)
75
(24)
115
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 42.7
(5.9)
48.3
(9.1)
58.7
(14.8)
68.0
(20.0)
76.4
(24.7)
85.5
(29.7)
90.2
(32.3)
89.8
(32.1)
82.2
(27.9)
70.0
(21.1)
57.2
(14.0)
46.0
(7.8)
67.9
(19.9)
Daily mean °F (°C) 33.2
(0.7)
38.2
(3.4)
47.7
(8.7)
57.0
(13.9)
66.0
(18.9)
75.4
(24.1)
80.1
(26.7)
78.9
(26.1)
70.9
(21.6)
58.8
(14.9)
46.4
(8.0)
36.8
(2.7)
57.4
(14.1)
Average low °F (°C) 23.8
(−4.6)
28.2
(−2.1)
36.7
(2.6)
46.0
(7.8)
55.6
(13.1)
65.2
(18.4)
70.1
(21.2)
67.9
(19.9)
59.7
(15.4)
47.7
(8.7)
35.6
(2.0)
27.5
(−2.5)
47.0
(8.3)
Record low °F (°C) −6
(−21)
−12
(−24)
2
(−17)
20
(−7)
32
(0)
47
(8)
52
(11)
46
(8)
38
(3)
20
(−7)
9
(−13)
−3
(−19)
−12
(−24)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.77
(45)
2.10
(53)
3.24
(82)
5.06
(129)
7.13
(181)
6.07
(154)
4.50
(114)
3.64
(92)
5.18
(132)
3.61
(92)
3.29
(84)
2.30
(58)
47.89
(1,216)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 3.4
(8.6)
1.0
(2.5)
1.6
(4.1)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.6
(1.5)
2.9
(7.4)
9.5
(24)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.4 7.2 9.8 10.6 12.1 10.1 8.6 7.5 7.6 8.1 7.7 7.5 104.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 2.2 1.2 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.5 5.9
Source: NOAA[18][19]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880624
18906,697973.2%
190010,11251.0%
191014,75545.9%
192018,05222.3%
193018,1450.5%
194017,571−3.2%
195019,34110.1%
196018,678−3.4%
197020,1718.0%
198018,770−6.9%
199017,775−5.3%
200019,2438.3%
201020,2335.1%
202020,6462.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
2010-2020[6]

2020 census

Population estimates from the US Census Bureau place Pittsburg’s current population at 20,738 for 2021. As of the 2020 decennial census,[5] there were 20,646 people, up from 20,233 in 2010. This increase of roughly 2% reflects the steady population growth Pittsburg has experienced over the last decade, due to the continued investments from private industry and multiple new housing developments.

As of the 2020 census, there were 8,047 households in the city and the median value of owner-occupied housing units was $86,800. The percent of persons age 25 years or older with a high school diploma was 90.8% and the percent of persons in the same demographic with a bachelor’s degree or higher was 29.9%.


Arts and culture

Little Balkans Days (2018)
Little Balkans Days (2018)

Events

Little Balkans Days is a three-day festival celebrating the community's European ethnic heritage, held on the Labor Day weekend. It features games, entertainment, competitions, and arts and crafts.[20] The Pittsburg Art Walk takes features vendors, artists, and musicians; it occurs multiple times per year on Broadway Street in Pittsburg's downtown district.[21]

Points of interest

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A photo of the Bicknell Family Center for the Arts, notable for its glowing lights, on a cloudy day in March 2022.
A photo of the Bicknell Family Center for the Arts, notable for its glowing lights, on a cloudy day in March 2022.
The Front Sign of the Memorial Auditorium (2020)
The Front Sign of the Memorial Auditorium (2020)
Aerial view on Carnie Smith Stadium (2013)
Aerial view on Carnie Smith Stadium (2013)

Library

Parks and recreation

Lakeside Fountain
Lakeside Fountain

Pittsburg hosts a multitude of parks inside it’s city limits

Government

Pittsburg City Hall (2020)
Pittsburg City Hall (2020)

Pittsburg is a charter city of the first class with a commission/manager form of government. The City Manager oversees all City operations and is responsible for all City departments and employees.

City Hall is located at 201 West 4th Street. Offices are open from 8:00 am until 5:00 pm Monday through Friday, but are closed on most holidays.

The responsibilities of the City Commission are to pass ordinances and resolutions, establish policies for the City, approve the annual budget, appoint members of citizen advisory boards and committees, and appoint the City Manager.

Elections for the City Commission are held every other year. In each election, three seats are vacant on the City Commission. The two candidates acquiring the most votes receive four-year terms, while the candidate obtaining the third most votes secures a two-year term. The City Commission annually elects the Mayor and President of the Board. The Mayor, who has the same authority as the other commissioners, presides over the commission meetings, provides the official signature on documents, represents the City at official and ceremonial functions and presents the annual State of the City address. In the absence of the Mayor, the President of the Board fulfills the duties of the Mayor.[22][3]

Education

Historic Pittsburg Community Middle School (2020)
Historic Pittsburg Community Middle School (2020)
St. Mary's-Colgan High School (2016)
Pittsburg Public Library (2017)

Primary and secondary education

The city is served by Pittsburg USD 250 public school district, which operates the following schools:

Private schools

College

Media

Main article: Media in Pittsburg, Kansas

The Pittsburg Morning Sun is the main newspaper in the city, published five days a week.[23][24] In addition, Pittsburg State University publishes a weekly student newspaper, the Collegio.[25]

Pittsburg is a center of broadcast media for southeastern Kansas. Two AM and five FM radio stations are licensed to and/or broadcast from the city, and it is the second principal city of the Joplin-Pittsburg television market.[26][27] The market's CBS and Fox network affiliates both broadcast from the city along with an independent station.[28][29][30]

Infrastructure

Public transportation

Airport

Medical

Notable people

Main article: List of people from Pittsburg, Kansas

See also: List of Pittsburg State University people

Notable individuals who were born in and/or have lived in Pittsburg include actor Roy Glenn,[31] chemical entrepreneur Kenneth A. Spencer,[32] and broadcast journalism pioneer Paul White.[33]

In popular culture

In late 2012, NBC news anchor Brian Williams, who started his career in Pittsburg, Kansas as a journalist at KOAM-TV, covered the local story of a fried chicken war between Chicken Annie's and Chicken Mary's on the Travel Channel.[34] The competition began in 1941 when Chicken Mary's opened across the street from Chicken Annie’s (founded 1934). The friendly rivalry continues, with members of each restaurant's founding family who married running a third restaurant.[35]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Pittsburg, Kansas; United States Geological Survey (USGS); October 13, 1978.
  2. ^ Pittsburg - City Commissioners
  3. ^ a b Pittsburg - Government
  4. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  5. ^ a b c "Profile of Pittsburg, Kansas in 2020". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on November 22, 2021. Retrieved November 22, 2021.
  6. ^ a b c "QuickFacts; Pittsburg, Kansas; Population, Census, 2020 & 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 24, 2021. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
  7. ^ Engraved memorial marker dedicated to lives lost in Cow Creek Skirmish; The Morning Sun; November 1, 2011. Archived April 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ A Twentieth Century History and Biographical Record of Crawford County, Kansas. The Lewis Publishing Company. 1905. pp. 34.
  9. ^ Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. pp. 171.
  10. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 2. Standard Publishing Company. pp. 480.
  11. ^ "History of Pittsburg, Official Homepage of the city". Archived from the original on September 10, 2015. Retrieved January 24, 2015.
  12. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961, page 2". Kansas Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 9, 2013. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
  13. ^ First Report of the United States Board on Geographic Names. 1890–1891. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1892. p. 8. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  14. ^ Chevron executive bullish on growth of coal industry – Denver Business Journal – November 16, 2007
  15. ^ Former Mining Communities of the Cherokee-Crawford Coal Field of Southeastern Kansas – Kansas Historical Quarterly – Summer 1972
  16. ^ Randy Roberts, Janette Mauk: Pittsburgh, Introduction, p. 9., 2009, ISBN 9780738561165
  17. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
  18. ^ a b c "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 2, 2021.
  19. ^ "Station: Pittsburg, KS". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 2, 2021.
  20. ^ "Little Balkans Days History". littlebalkansfestival.com. Retrieved December 15, 2018.
  21. ^ ArtWalk, Pittsburg. "Promoting Fine Arts in Pittsburg". Pittsburg ArtWalk. Retrieved June 17, 2021.
  22. ^ Pittsburg - Directory of Public Officials
  23. ^ (24 March 2017). Morning Sun to move to five day schedule, Morning Sun
  24. ^ "Record Details - Pittsburg Morning Sun". Kansas Press Association. Retrieved August 15, 2013.
  25. ^ "PSU Collegio". Mondo Times. Retrieved December 17, 2011.
  26. ^ "Radio Stations in Pittsburg, Kansas". Radio-Locator. Retrieved December 17, 2011.
  27. ^ "Joplin-Pittsburg TV Market". EchoStar Knowledge Base. Retrieved December 17, 2011.
  28. ^ "Stations for Joplin, Missouri". RabbitEars.Info. Retrieved December 17, 2011.
  29. ^ "TVQ TV Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. Archived from the original on May 8, 2009. Retrieved December 17, 2011.
  30. ^ "AMGTV Affiliates" (PDF). AMGTV. Retrieved December 17, 2011.
  31. ^ "Roy Glenn". IMDb. Retrieved April 4, 2016.
  32. ^ "Kenneth & Helen Spencer of Kansas". Pittsburg State University. Retrieved April 4, 2016.
  33. ^ Moore, Barbara (May 13, 2013). Sterling, Christopher H. (ed.). Biographical Encyclopedia of American Radio. Abingdon-on-Thames: Routledge. p. 406.
  34. ^ Brian Williams covers Fried Chicken feud
  35. ^ Meyer, Diana Lambdin (April 30, 2020). "America's 'fried chicken war'". BBC News.

Further reading