View of the Grand Canal of China in Pizhou
View of the Grand Canal of China in Pizhou
Location in Xuzhou
Location in Xuzhou
Pizhou is located in Jiangsu
Location in Jiangsu
Coordinates: 34°23′53″N 117°53′24″E / 34.398°N 117.890°E / 34.398; 117.890Coordinates: 34°23′53″N 117°53′24″E / 34.398°N 117.890°E / 34.398; 117.890
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Prefecture-level cityXuzhou
 • County-level city2,088 km2 (806 sq mi)
 • Urban
80 km2 (30 sq mi)
 • County-level city1,943,600
 • Density930/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
 • Urban
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal Code

Pizhou (Chinese: 邳州; pinyin: Pīzhōu) is a county-level city under the administration of Xuzhou, Jiangsu province, China. As of 2006 it had a population of 163,000; it borders the Shandong prefecture-level cities of Linyi to the northeast and Zaozhuang to the northwest.


The city was formerly called Pi County (邳县; 邳縣), and before that, Xiapi (下邳) which was at one time the capital of the Zhou Dynasty (1046–256 BCE) vassal State of Pi. During the Han Dynasty (206 BCE–220 CE), Pi was a famous city. At the time of the Three Kingdoms Period, the city is known for the battle between Lü Bu and Cao Cao fought there. It is the location Lü Bu retreated to when under siege by Cao Cao at Xiaopei. He first moved his family there and then he himself after being advised by Chen Gong. It was here that Lü Bu was ultimately defeated at the Battle of Xiapi.

During World War II, the Battle of Taierzhuang took place in Tengzhou. In the Chinese Civil War, it was the scene of the Huaihai Campaign. The area is relatively impoverished when compared to the rest of Jiangsu Province. In October 2007, when its party secretary Li Lianyu returned as a delegate from the 17th Party Congress, the entire city was mobilized to greet him in an unprecedented display,[3][4] drawing immense criticism.


Pizhou lies to the northeast of Xuzhou City at the intersection of the Grand Canal and Longhai Railway. To the north of Pizhou, there is the well-known Tai'erzhuang District of Zaozhuang City, Shandong Province.

Pizhou City is home to the longest Dawn redwood Metasequoia glyptostroboides avenue in the world. The avenue is approximately 60 km long with over one million trees.[5][6]

Administrative divisions

In the present, Pizhou City has 24 towns.[7]

24 towns
  • Yunhe (运河镇)
  • Picheng (邳城镇)
  • Guanhu (官湖镇)
  • Sihu (四户镇)
  • Suyangshan (宿羊山镇)
  • Bayiji (八义集镇)
  • Tushan (土山镇)
  • Nianzhuang (碾庄镇)
  • Gangshang (港上镇)
  • Zouzhuang (邹庄镇)
  • Zhancheng (占城镇)
  • Xinhe (新河镇)
  • Balu (八路镇)
  • Paoche (炮车镇)
  • Tiefu (铁富镇)
  • Chahe (岔河镇)
  • Daixu (戴圩镇)
  • Chenlou (陈楼镇)
  • Xinglou (邢楼镇)
  • Daizhuang (戴庄镇)
  • Chefushan (车辐山镇)
  • Yanzibu (燕子埠镇)
  • Zhaodun (赵墩镇)
  • Yitang (议堂镇)


  1. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  2. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  3. ^ 华南虎照片之假与书记荣归场面之真 Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ 江苏一市委书记组织数千人欢迎自己17大“载誉归来”(组图
  5. ^ The Creation of the Longest Avenue in The World Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine, Arboricultural Journal: The International Journal of Urban Forestry, 2013.
  6. ^ The Longest Avenue Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine, The Horticulturalist: The Journal of the Institute of Horticulture, 2013.
  7. ^ "徐州市-行政区划网 www.xzqh.org" (in Chinese). XZQH. Retrieved 2012-05-24.