PlayTape
PlayTape logo.svg
Media typeMagnetic tape endless loop
EncodingMono analog signal
CapacityTypically 8 to 24 minutes of audio per program[1]
Read mechanismstereo tape head
Write mechanismprerecorded only
Usageportable and mobile audio playback devices
Released1966
Model 1604
Model 1604

PlayTape is a 18 inch (3.2 mm)[2] audiotape format and mono or stereo playback system introduced in 1966 by Frank Stanton.[3] It is a two-track system, and was launched to compete with existing 4-track cartridge technology. The cartridges play anywhere from eight to 24 minutes, and are continuous. Because of its portability, PlayTape was an almost instant success, and over 3,000 artists had published in this format by 1968. White cases usually meant about eight songs were on the tape.[4]

Introducing PlayTape

When PlayTape was launched, vinyl records reigned supreme, and Earl Muntz's Stereo-Pak, based on the broadcast "Fidelipac" cartridge system, was also a popular sound delivery system. His car players were offered with stereo sound. Although in production, Bill Lear's 8-track tape and Philips' cassette tape systems had not yet achieved their market potential. Moreover, neither Lear or Muntz was offering a portable player, though Muntz eventually did sell one, while portable cassette players were available from the outset.

While PlayTape found some success in reaching the youth audience, it was not as successful in targeting the business market.[5] Stanton marketed his device as a dictation machine, but he was unable to persuade businesses to adopt his creation. Problems with player quality limited sales and, ultimately, the introduction of home and portable players by the 4-track, 8-track, and cassette manufacturers led to the demise of PlayTape.

Automobile players

Only a handful of small compact players, and a few very rare car players, were sold on the open market. In the United States, Volkswagen was the only manufacturer to offer a PlayTape player as optional equipment.[6] They are collectors' items today.[2]

Volkswagen saw a market opportunity in the U.S. for automotive audio players in 1968. Frank Stanton, president of PlayTape, announced that Motorola would manufacture an automotive player in OEM and after-market models for Volkswagen. The "Sapphire I" OEM model was designed for in-dash installation, and included an AM radio. The "Sapphire II" after-market version omitted the radio, and was designed to hang from the dashboard. The price for either unit was said to be about US $40, (today US $312).[7]

Stanton also claimed that VW dealers would carry about 250 PlayTape titles for sale, and that some Volkswagen dealers would also sell the full line of PlayTape home and portable players. "We feel that Volkswagen salesmen will be able to interest the purchaser of a Sapphire I player in a complementary model for his home," Stanton said.[8]

Mail Call

Smith-Corona Mail Call Letterpack
Smith-Corona Mail Call Letterpack

In 1967, Smith Corona (SCM) used the PlayTape cartridge format for the Mail Call,[9] a device which contained the PlayTape drive. Its design resembled a telephone and used blank tape PlayTape cartridges, offered with capacities of 3, 6 and 10 minutes of recording time, to be sent as voice letters with inexpensive shipping cost. The ends of the tape loop were fixed by an adhesive tape with a conductive top to prevent overwriting the same recording.

HIPAC

Main article: HiPac

HiPac was a successor of the PlayTape cartridge, with some changes introduced in Japan in 1971 and disappearing soon afterwards. The HiPac had a small comeback in the mid-1970s, in children's toys for education.[10]

References

  1. ^ "Museum Of Obsolete Media". Retrieved 2017-05-27.
  2. ^ a b "videointerchange.com". Videointerchange.com. Retrieved 2016-05-19.
  3. ^ "PlayTape: 1967 - 1969". Dianaschnuth.net. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
  4. ^ "Beatles Two Track Tapes—Lost Format #2". Archived from the original on August 6, 2011. Retrieved 2022-04-18.
  5. ^ "PLAYTAPE - THE 2-TRACK ALTERNATIVE". 2011-05-14. Archived from the original on May 14, 2011. Retrieved 2016-05-18.((cite web)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  6. ^ "1968 Volkswagen Radio PlayTape service manual". TheSamba.com. Retrieved 2021-08-27.
  7. ^ "Inflation Calculator 2016". Davemanuel.com. Retrieved 2016-05-19.
  8. ^ Fox, Hank (1968-10-12). "VW Dealers Into PlayTapes". Billboard. pp. 1, 25.
  9. ^ databits: Retro Design: Smith Corona Mail Call Cartridge Tape Recorder, YouTube, 4 September 2016
  10. ^ Techmoan: HiPac - The lost tape : Pioneer's forgotten 1970s cassette rival, YouTube, 29 September 2017