Podporuchik (Serbo-Croatian: потпоручник, romanized: potporučnik, Czech: podporučík, Polish: podporucznik, Russian: подпору́чик, Bulgarian: подпоручик, Slovak: podporučík) is the most Junior officer in some Slavic armed forces, and is placed below the rank of Lieutenant.
The rank was introduced first by Peter the Great in 1703 as officer rank of the so-called ober-officer rank group. It did belong to rank class XIII (infantry), class XII (artillery, and engineer troops), and class X (guards) until 1884. In line to the military reforms in 1884, podpraporshik became in peace time. However, in the guards and the cossacks armed forces Cornet and Chorąży remained the lowest officer rank.
The equivalent to podpraporshik was Michman in the Imperial Russian Navy, and governmental secretary (Russian: губернский секретарь, romanized: gubernsky sekretar) in the civil administration.
In Poland, the rank of Podporucznik (lit. 'sub-lieutenant'; abbreviated "ppor.") is lowest officer rank used within the Polish Army. It is roughly equivalent to the military rank of the Second lieutenant in the armed forces of the English-speaking countries.
Graduates of military schools are awarded the rank of podporucznik by the office of the President of Poland upon the request of the Ministry of National Defence (Poland). The rank may also awarded by the way of a promotion provided certain conditions.
The rank of podporucznik also exists in the Border Guard, Prison Servicecitation needed], the State Protection Service, Foreign Intelligence Agency, Military Intelligence Service , the Military Counterintelligence Service, the Internal Security Agency, and in Polish Navy.[
A possible sequence of ranks (ascending) might be as follows: