|Municipality of Polangui|
|Founded by||Fray Baltazar de la Magdalena, OFM|
|Barangays||44 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Andy A. Mariscotes|
|• Vice Mayor||Restituto S. Fernandez Jr.|
|• Representative||Fernando T. Cabredo|
|• Municipal Council|
|• Electorate||56,590 voters (2019)|
|• Total||145.30 km2 (56.10 sq mi)|
|Elevation||59 m (194 ft)|
|Highest elevation||320 m (1,050 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||12 m (39 ft)|
(2020 census) 
|• Rank||115 out of 1,488|
|• Density||610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Polangueño (male) |
|• Income class||1st municipal income class|
|• Poverty incidence||24.37% (2015)|
|• Revenue||PHP 334.342 million (2020)|
|• Expenditure||PHP 310.599 million (2020)|
|• Assets||PHP 955.170 million (2020)|
|• Liabilities||PHP 298.517 million (2020)|
|• Electricity||Albay Power and Energy Corporation (APEC)|
|• Water||Polangui Waterworks Services Administration (POWASA)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)52|
|Native languages||Albay Bikol|
|Major religions||Roman Catholicism|
|Feast date||June 29|
|Patron saint||Saints Peter and Paul|
Polangui, officially the Municipality of Polangui (Central Bikol: Banwaan kan Polangui; Tagalog: Bayan ng Polangui), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 89,176 people. Padaba ko kamo
The origin of the name Polangui has many versions. The foremost and seemingly more accepted version is, "that of a giant robust tree which existed majestically in the early municipal settlement". The natives of the settlement called the "Oyangue", which also served as the early landmark of the area whereby new settlers looked upon in their wandering. Similarly, the early Spanish frontier settlers found this tree and it became their famous settlement landmark. The settlement was then called "Binanuaan" but often referred to as "Oyangue" by nearby settlers. As more settlers came to dwell and engage in trade endeavors with the indigenous inhabitants, the more was the settlement known in distant areas by the name "Oyangue" (referring to the tree landmark) which was more widely accepted than "Binanuaan". The passing of generations corrupted the word "Oyangue" into several acronyms. Most acceptable and widely used before was "Polangue" and later "Polangui" which has remained today.
Another legend is about the story of a maiden named "Pulang Angui" which means "Red Maria" (Angui is the nickname for Maria) who loved red colors for dress and whose beautiful body, face and red lips became the object of affection by the males to the point of adoration. She was modest in her ways, talented for possessing various skills, with happy disposition, showing love of arts and religion. She would lead the tribe in festivities. When the Spaniards came, the soldiers who first set foot in Polangui asked for the name of the place. The native thought the foreigners was asking for the name of "Pulang Angui" and said so. The Spaniards recorded the name of the place as Pulangui, a concoction of the name which was later on, as years went by, was converted to Polangui.
Pre-colonial Polangui was a fertile valley cradled by the virgin forests of Mount Masaraga. It was formed out of five settlements ruled by the Datu of Ponso till the late 1583. The center of the settlements was called Banwang gurang, meaning "old town" and is now known as Magurang.
In 1584, Fray Baltazar de la Magdalena, left Ambos Camarines and stumbled upon this place west of Mount Masaraga. He found that each of the five settlements had about 100 inhabitants. In the same year, he founded a settlement within the fertile valley and established a ranch, which he called "Binanuaan". Being inland and strategically situated, the town was spared from the frequent raids of sea pirates as well as from the occasional destruction caused by the eruption of Mayon Volcano.
Polangui became a visita, or outreach village under the jurisdiction of the Villa Santiago de Libon, which was established in 1573 by Juan de Salcedo, the grandson of the Spanish conquistador Miguel Lopez de Legazpi. The villa, which lies south-west of Polangui, would be known as the fourth of its kind in the entire archipelago.
Fray de la Magdalena was credited with the founding of Polangui. Old manuscripts in the Archives of Manila and in the Franciscan Convent in Manila point to 1584 as the year Polangui was founded, and thus considered as one of the oldest municipalities in the Philippines.
By 1654, the original settlement became considerably bigger when Fray Alonzo de San Juan, was assigned in Polangui as "Encargado". The settlement was expanded reaching the present barangay sites in Lanigay, Ponso and Balinad. The town proper was established in Lanigay where a church made of wood was erected adjacent to about 280 wooden dwellings and more than 1,000 nipa huts. Unfortunately, this church together with the dwelling units was razed by a fire to the ground.
With the coming of another missionary, Fray Juan Bautista Marza, a new church made of bricks and stones was completed in 1664. This church stood on a new elevated site and still stands to this day. Under the leadership of Fray Marza, roads and bridges were also initiated and schools were introduced simultaneously with the Christian Doctrine and Spanish culture.
Growth of the settlement was so fast that it became a Poblacion and finally recognized as a Pueblo in 1674. Owing to its steady growth, a link with nearby Libon and Oas became a necessity. Hence, Fr. Jose Arnao, parish priest and Encargado from 1832 until 1852, directed the construction of roads and bridges that would connect Polangui to neighboring towns, including upland Buhi in Camarines Sur.
During Spanish regime, a significant highlight is the construction of its parish church which took 10 years to be completed starting in 1654 by Fray Alonzo de San Juan and completed in 1664 by Fray Juan Bautista Marza.
Polangueño martyr, Camilo Jacob, who is a photographer, was executed on January 4, 1897, with other Bicolanos. They are now commemorated as the Quince Martires del Bicolandia. A year later, the Spanish rule in Bicol ended with the mutiny of Guardia Civil in Naga led by Elias Angeles.
Sometime during the Philippine–American War, Polangui became the seat of the Provincial Government of Albay for a brief period under Governor Domingo Samson. When the Americans conquered Polangui in 1890 without firing a single shot, the form of government went through transition from military to civil government then Commonwealth system. The seat of the municipal government was in Ponso with Clemente Sarte as the acting Chief Executive. A few months later, the seat of the municipal government was transferred to Centro Occidental and still remains up to this day.
When the Japanese forces occupied Polangui on December 13, 1941, Cipriano Saunar, then vice mayor of the Commonwealth government was appointed mayor by the Japanese military administration. A secret civil government was established simultaneously headed by Julian Saunar which was supported by the people. Cipriano Saunar's successor was Manuel Samson Sr. and in turn was succeeded by Jesus Salalima who ruled from 1947 to 1960.
Polangui is located at, in the north-eastern quadrant of the third district of Albay.
According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 145.30 square kilometres (56.10 sq mi)  constituting 5.64% of the 2,575.77-square-kilometre- (994.51 sq mi) total area of Albay.
Polangui is bounded on the north by Buhi and Iriga City of Camarines Sur province, south by Libon, Oas and City of Ligao; and west by Malinao and the City of Tabaco. It is about 43 kilometres (27 mi) north of the regional center of the Bicol Region, Legazpi City; 56 kilometres (35 mi) north-east of Naga City and 136 kilometres (85 mi) south of Daet, Camarines Norte.
|Climate data for Polangui, Albay|
|Average high °C (°F)||27
|Average low °C (°F)||22
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||55
|Average rainy days||13.0||9.5||11.8||12.7||21.3||25.3||28.3||26.5||26.4||24.2||19.9||16.1||235|
|Source: Meteoblue |
Polangui has a general climate characterized by dry season with a very pronounced maximum rainfall from November to December. Prevailing wind is in the general direction from north-east to south-west.
Polangui is politically subdivided into 44barangays.
It is grouped into three divisions:
|Barangay||Land area (ha.)||Class||District||Etymology||Brief history|
|Agos||298.84||Rural||RADC||The old name of this sitio during the early Spanish rule was "Bato Lis Non". On the eastern side of the sitio was Sitio Matakot, or known to be later as Matacon. Because of the difficulty in remembering its former name, visitors and strangers to the sitio would easily remember the wide river that separates the province of Albay and Camarines Sur, the Agos River. Thus, as time passed by, the barangay was named Agos.||A certain Angel Servas was the first Teniente del Barrio to lead a group of 24 households in the early years of Spanish rule. Others to follow were: Antonio Mendoza, Paulino Segui, Vicente Epres, Eustaquio Seda, Pedro General (first to assume the position of Barangay Captain), Felicisimo Cagnayo Sr., and Rogelio Laynes.|
|Alnay||214.87||Urban||Poblacion||Unknown||A sitio of Barangay Ponso in the early days, it was a verdant place full of ricefields. In the latter part of the 1960s, Dr. Esteban Ante (deceased), a landowner, developed his ricefields into a subdivision, thus attracting people to reside in the place. With that development, Councilor Santiago M. Revale passed a resolution creating Alnay as an independent barangay. It was approved and concurred in by the Sangguniang Panlalawigan of Albay, headed then by Governor Felix Imperial.|
|Alomon||154.19||Urban||Poblacion||As old folks say, the place was inhabited by people who are very industrious, that even in the evening they work at their farms. There was then a visitor in the barrio, a foreigner, who greeted the workers in the ricefields, and jokingly greeted the bright moon in this way: "Hello Moon!". Thinking that the stranger was naming the place, the residents remembered it as "Hello Moon". As the time passed by, the place was named as Alomon.||During the early years, Alomon was a sitio of Barrio Kinale. Its first Teniente del Barrio was Domingo Satorre, who was responsible for its establishment as an independent barrio in 1972.|
|Amoguis||147.13||Rural||UADC||Unknown||As old folks used to tell, there were only three barangays that comprised Polangui then in the year 1654 when Father Alonzo de San Juan founded the pueblo of Binanuaan. Amoguis and several other settlements were part of Barangay Layugay (now known as Lanigay). With the passing of time, these sitios became independent barangays through RA 2370 or the Barrio Charter enacted during the term of President Carlos P. Garcia on June 20, 1959.|
|Anopol||200.32||Rural||UADC||The barangay got its name from a vine called "anopol", with the leaves that climb on tall trees and are commonly found along river banks, creeks and natural springs.||Anopol was a former sitio of Barrio Lanigay. It became an independent barrio pursuant to RA 3590 or the Revised Barrio Charter enacted during the term of President Carlos P. Garcia on June 22, 1963. Its first administrator was Bienvenido Cellona.|
|Apad||455.76||Rural||RADC||A sitio of Barrio Lanygay during the early years of Spanish rule, it was the center of convergence of several upland sitios namely: Kinuartelan, La Medalla, Upper Santicon, San Roque and several other sitios. During that time, the only means of transportation was the "RailBoss" of the Ferrocarril de Manila-Dagupan (predececcor of the Philippine National Railways). The "railbos" had its terminal located in Apad, thus becoming known as "Parada". As years passed by, the word was corrupted until it became Apad.||A sitio of Barrio Lanigay during the early years of Spanish rule, it was the center of convergence of several upland sitios namely: Kinuartelan, La Medalla, Upper Santicon, San Roque and several other sitios.|
|Balaba||510.40||Rural||UADC||Old folks traces the name Balaba from the word "balabag na dalan", or the crookedness of its road due to the steepness of its slope leading to the settlement.||Formerly a sitio of Barangay Balinad, it became an independent barrio in 1967. Councilwoman Benigna Calpe was the sponsor of the resolution creating Balaba. First appointed Teniente del Barrio was Carlos Sangat, serving from 1948 to 1951.|
|Balangibang||269.95||Urban||Poblacion||'The early residents put the name of these two capital towns Balanga and Iba together to retrieve the name of early Chieftain of their tribe, Balang aNd the princess of Zambales named Ibang. Thus the name Balangibang came to be.||As with other present barangays of Polangui, Balangibang was a sitio of Lanigay (the mother barangay in the early years of Spanish rule). It was a vast agricultural land owned by the Alsua/Buenviaje and Catalina vda. de Gloria families. With the implementation of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL) during the term of President Diosdado Macapagal, these ricelands were distributed to the tenants tilling the lands. With the enactment of the Revised Barrio Charter in 1963, Balangibang became an independent barrio.|
|Balinad||727.65||Rural||UADC||The name Balinad originated from the name of a certain tree called "sorsogon" (locally known as "balinad"), which grew abundantly in the said place.||Barangay Balinad is one of the original mother barangays that was established when Polangui was founded.|
|Basud||116.34||Urban||Poblacion||As old folks narrated the story, Basud got its name when the earlier farmer settlers backfilled the lower portion of the fields with "basud" (sand). This was the area between the boundary of Polangui and Oas. Large tract of lands were filled with sand in the desire of the farmers to make the area productive. Due to that development, the place was known as Basud.||It used to be a part of Sitio Ubaliw that belongs to the mother barangay of Lanigay in the early settlement years of Spanish rule. When the center of Pueblo was transferred from Lanigay to the present poblacion, these two (Basud and Ubaliw) became independent barangays.|
|Buyo||220.11||Rural||UADC||The place derived its name from "buyo", a native name of a vine which is an ingredient for making "ikmo" or "nganga", which thrives abundantly in the place.||It was a sitio of mother barangay Lanigay in the early years. It was established as an independent barangay in the year 1946, under the administration of Mayor Manuel Samson, Sr.|
|Centro Occidental (seat of church and government)||191.82||Urban||Poblacion||Due to increased development in the area, this former sitio of Lanigay became a barangay of its own and was called Centro Occidental, as it is in the western portion of the Poblacion (centro). It is also popularly called "Ilaod". This is because when people go to the market, they would call it "Iraya" (meaning upstream) and when they go home, they would say Ilaod (meaning downstream).||Barangay Centro Occidental used to be a sitio of Barangay Lanigay. When the latter's settlement was hit by a conflagration in 1654 including the church, the encargado decided to transfer the church to the present site where it stands (now in present-day Centro Occidental). The church, municipal building and the market site were all eventually situated here, so the place was considered the centro of the Pueblo (divided into Centro Oriental or the eastern portion and Centro Occidental or the western portion). It was the center of commerce, seat of government and the center of religious activities.
When the Revised Barrio Charter was enacted in 1963, Centro Oriental and Centro Occidental both became independent barangays. Years later, the Philippine National Railways (PNR) station was constructed at Barangay Basud. It was decided that the public market be transferred near the station. But because the seat of government and the parish church were still in place, Centro Occidental remains the de facto centro of the Municipality of Polangui. As population grew fast, development in the area grew fast too. More residential houses were constructed on the vast track of talahib. Elementary and secondary schools were also established.
|Centro Oriental||29.12||Urban||Poblacion||Due to increased development in the area, this former sitio of Lanigay became a barangay of its own and was called Centro Oriental, as it is in the eastern portion of the Poblacion (centro).||When the settlement of Lanigay was hit by a conflagration in 1654 including the church, the encargado decided to transfer the church to the present site where it stands (now in present-day Centro Occidental). The church, municipal building and the market site were all eventually situated here, so the place was considered the centro of the Pueblo (divided into Centro Oriental or the eastern portion and Centro Occidental or the western portion). It was the center of commerce, seat of government and the center of religious activities. When the Revised Barrio Charter was enacted in 1963, Centro Oriental and Centro Occidental both became independent barangays.|
|Cepres||263.35||Rural||UADC||Old folks narrate that "two American strangers came and rested for a while, and saw people planting cypress shrubs and remarked that this place is safe to rest". The natives thought that the Americans were referring to the shrubs. From that time on, the place as known as Cepres.||Cepres was originally a sitio of mother barangay Lanigay. It was known as Cepres during the early years of 1930 during the term of Marciano Rosela as their Teniente del Barrio.|
|Cotmon||485.30||Rural||UADC||As the people of this barangay, the name was derived from the name of the tree that once thrived the place. That tree was called kutmon in the locality. Later, the form was changed and Hispanicized, thus the form being used today, as was with the naming of most places. The kutmon is katmon in the Filipino language's orthography.|
|Cotnogan||231.13||Rural||RADC||In the early years of Spanish rule, there existed a river teeming with fish and one species is locally known as COTNOG which later became HIRABO. As the tale says: One day, a Guardia Civil arrived in their place and passed a group of residents fishing on that famous river. He approached the residents asking for the name of a place, but the natives did not fully understand what the Spaniards wanted. They answered COTNOG AN, COTNOG
AN, (in rinconada accent) thinking of the name of the fish from that day the place became known as COTNOGAN.
|Danao||383.50||Rural||UADC||The story about Danao lake can be traced in the year 1800. As narrated by old folks, there was this family whose daughter will be married that day. Near to their house was a brook shaped in a circular form and which is the bathing area for water buffalo. That brook was surrounded by tall trees and shrubs making the place dark. The mother ignored her, but the old woman approached the cook who gave her food. After eating, the old woman told the cook to leave the place, because something will happen. As soon as the cook left, the old woman disappeared. Then the sky & surroundings became dark & a tornado (buhawi in Tagalog) hit the place causing the formation of the lake now known as Danao lake. It was told that except for the cook, all the residents of the area perished.|
|Gabon||88.67||Urban||Poblacion||Barangay GABON came about as a settlement area that originated from a place grown with abundant trees. It was owned by one family only, the Orbon Family. The name of the barangay was coined after the word "GARABON" which means divide or occupy. After its formal establishment and creation as an independent political unit, Barangay Gabon experienced significant political, social and economic changes under the able administration of successive barangay officials.|
|Gamot||345.17||Rural||UADC||Barangay Gamot get its name in the times of Japanese regime where people of this barangay used to hide in roots (which is gamot in the Bicol language or dialect) of large trees, to escape slavery or death from the Japanese.|
|Itaran||312.09||Rural||UADC||After Japanese war and early 50's the Aeta's were lived in this place, then on mid-50's Spanish Mestizos Tu-anqui's clan came
over and fired their guns on the air, the aeta's scared ran with fear and fled the place, the Tu-anqui's take over and pre-occupied the place and during this time Emili-ano Sabordo was chosen as the Cab-eza de Barangay and he named this “ AETARAN “ which he derived from Aeta's who live and Ran whom run-ning the place. On early 60's by the time of Kapitan Alejandro Victoria and named it ITARAN.
|La Medalla||368.27||Rural||RADC||According to the history of this barangay, the name “LA MEDALLA” was derived from their patroness saint “STA LA MEDALLA”. It was
known during the early times that the barrio has vas and fertile agricultural land, and because of this, settlers from nearby places migrated to this barrio to venture in agricultural farming. One of the early settlers who migrated to this barrio came from barrio La Medalla, town of Iriga (now a City) of the Province of Camarines Sur; they were so industrious, hardworking and adventurous. They brought along with them their patroness saint, Sta, La Medalla as they settled in this place. And, as a token of gratitude, they donated their patroness saint to the barrio. And with this, the resident decided that Sta. La Medalla be their patroness saint in their barrio in the honor of her, thus, it became barrio La Medalla. The 1st Teniente del barrio” (now known as PABLO BALANG, followed in succession, by SANTOS LAYNES, SANTOS AMOROSO, NEMESIO RAMBOYONG, MARTIN CERVANTES, RESTITUTO BALANG, AMANDO BARRA & presently by OLIVA O. SALCEDO) Barangay La Medalla is situated at the North-Western part of Polangui with a distance of approximately 8.5 kilometers far from centro Poblacion, located along the North: Barangay Lourdes, South: Barangay Apad, Santicon, West: Barangay La Purisima & East: Barangay Kinuartelan. Its topography was plain, Mountainous (Bulod ) and Hilly. Its classification was Poblacion, coastals, along the highway & Interior. Barangay La Medalla is divided into (7) Puroks managed by Purok Leaders & Advisers. It has an exciting complete Elementary School established in 1933 and a high school established on 1992. It has a Barangay Hall, Health Center and a Day Care Center. Residents buy their daily basic provision in a few sari-sari stores but most of the time they prefer to but in a town proper during market day. Today, like other barangay in Polangui, La Medalla is loving forward for progress. The only problem which the residents are facing now is transportation wherein only motorcycle is the only means because of rough roads connecting the barangay to poblacion.
|Lanigay||313.06||Rural||RADC||Barangay Lanigay located in the Municipality of Polangui, Province of Albay. According to the old folks, this place was known to be ” Mother Barangay”. It was once
known as “Layugay”. The following barangays namely: Maysua, Lidong, Pintor, Cepres, and other places in the eastern part of Polangui reaching as far as La Purisima and some portions of Gabon, Sugcad, Ilaod, Kinale and Balangibang were once part of Lanigay. The term name Layugay refers to the “take-off portion received from the lowlands and the “landing portion” received from the upland areas. It was due to the terrain place that the name Layugay was derived. As years gone by, the Mother Barangay was divided and of its sitios was separated and became independent and comprises the Municipality of Polangui. The Mother Barangay became smaller as regards its territorial jurisdiction and area. What was left of the Mother Barangay renamed Lanigay from it former name Layugay by then Teniente Del Barrio, who facilitated said action with the members of Consejo Municipal. Early in 1654, Father Alonzo de San Juan followed by Magdalena and founded the barrios of Lanigay, Ponso, Balinad with 230 wooden houses and one thousand nipa. Fr. San Juan erected in Lanigay the town's first Polangui Church edifice which was made of wood and light materials. With these, Lanigay then became the town's center. The church edifice that Fr. San Juan built was razed ground by a conflagration that affected also the rest houses surrounding it. He constructed a new edifice this time made of bricks and stones. But because Lanigay flood-prone area, he relocated the edifice and construct new church edifice.
|Lidong||121.26||Rural||UADC||Lidong was the center of commerce back then. The 'saūd' or market, where the 'agtâs' bartered their goods with rice from the vast 'uma' or rice farms of 'Langtad' and 'Lidong', as well as with fresh-caught fish from Lake Buhi, was near where the two tributary rivers that meet to form one river. The water in the area where the rivers meet swirls so that when the traders from one side crosses with their 'balsa' gets 'nauseated' or in local term 'libūng'. Soon the corruption and Hispanicization of the word arrived to its present form.|
|Magurang||115.22||Urban||Poblacion||Literally, Magurang in English translation, means many old residents. Hence, maybe long before the coming of the Spaniards this
Barangay was over-polluted by old people, such that the place was called such name. At least, this is one conception. I – HOW MAGURANG GOT ITS NAME It was in the early part of the year 1854, Rev. Father Alonzo de San Juan, an encargado, founded three barrios, namely; Lanigay, Ponso and Balinad. These were all planted with coconuts and abaca. When visiting these barrios from Lanigay to Ponso, he passed by a way which was so under develop. There were two rave wooden houses and a few number of nipa huts which were built far from each other, father Alonzo de San Juan called the place sitio. By the coming of Rev. Father Bautista Marza in the later part of the 19th century, roads and bridges were constructed. One day Father Marza passed by the under-constructed roads. H e greeted the people along the way and asked what the name of sitio is in Spanish Language. An old woman answered “kami mga gurang” (we are old already). Father Marza thought that the response of the old people was the real name of the place. From that time on, he called the Place “MAGURANG”. The Place MAGURANG was developed by Father Marza. People were baptized and converted to Christianity. Since then, MAGURANG become the name of the sitio.
|Matacon||317.64||Urban||Poblacion||According to the legend, Barangay Matacon was used to be a no man's land. Long time ago, this place as known for its thick forest and people passing by to
reach Polangui, Poblacion were being harassed by bandits. As years passed by the word of fear or “ MATAKOT” in Bicol dialect was instilled in the minds of the people when referring to this place. In the years that followed, people soon began to migrate and found out that the place was not “Matakot” anymore. Most of them soon have land holding means of livelihood that is soon became a community. The people did not find difficult in naming the place, they only had to changed “MATAKOT” to a better sounding word “MATACON”, hence the name was adopted by the people from that time on. Barangay Matacon is bounded on the North East, by Barangay Salvacion, on the South by the Kinale River, East by Barangay Balangibang, on the North-West by Barangay Cotnogan.
|Maynaga||262.39||Rural||UADC||During the Spanish rule, this place was thickly forested areas inhabited by aetas. On how this place got its name, history says that, one day an Spaniard met an aeta and inquired where he got the vine " buyo" he was carrying, he told the Spaniard of the place "Pongol", a small stream where hundreds of narra trees ( "naga" in local dialect) thrives. With the natives answer " sa may naga", instilled in the mind of the Spaniard thus the place being remember and eventually name as sitio " Maynaga". Like other barangays in Polangui, Maynaga was once a sitio of barrio "layugay" (now barangay lanigay) in the early years of the Spanish rule.it was only during the implementation of the barrio charter in 1960's when it became an independent barangay through a resolution by then Municipal Councilor Iluminado Relleve, was principal author creating the barangay. "Sta. Del Rosario"is the patroness of barangay Maynaga. The chapel stand on the lot donated by the late Ignacio Tuanqui in 1951. Aside from a Roman Catholic group Maynaga has a (2) other religious sects. Iglesia Ni Cristo, the born again Christian ministry, but generally, Maynaga is a catholic barangay. In the late 80's, Maynaga elementary school was established, with the barangay itself purchasing a lot for the school site. The barangay at present has its own "barangay center where the barangay hall, barangay pavilion, police outpost, health center, and the day care center proudly stands. In terms of tourist attraction, barangay Maynaga has now a private owned and well developed resort, the " highlander watering hole resort, it has a big swimming pool supplied with fresh and cold free flowing water, a lodging house, and canteen.it can also be used as a reception area for various occasions. It caters not only to local but also to foreign tourist. Among those leaders who hold position and strived for the development of the barangay, are the following: as "Teniente Del Barrio" Pio Alcoy (first Teniente del barrio), Eutiquio Pinon, Estilitocanaria, and Toribio Aplaya. When the positionof barangay captain, toribio aplaya was the first elected barangay captain, followed by Isaac Esplana, Justino Ranada, Josefina Ranada, And Ruben S. Loyola, and presently by Barangay Captain Joel S. Loyola.|
|San Roque||301.32||Rural||RADC||Barangay San Roque is in Polangui, Albay and it was foundered in the year 1930 by the author Lorenzo Villar and other persons as cofounder namely; Cepriano Seletaria, Cenon Sayson, Julian Villar, Felipe Sayson, Roman Corporal, Cleto Barce all deceased.
The named San Roque originated from the patron Saint San Roque was owned by the couple Mr. and Mrs. Lorenzo Villar. His wife Aurelia Villar bought the image from a peddler out of the money which was intended for their family consumption. Having no permission from her husband got so angry and uttered distasteful words to her about the image. The following day her husband felt bad and got bedridden for so many days. Such that he could not do his farm works which badly needed his tending and attention. All the herbal Doctors he sought failed to cure his ailment. His wife Aurelia suggested to him to ask for forgiveness from the image San Roque for the things he done and said. All of a sudden, he got well. Lorenzo Villar asked an apology to the image and after that his sickness was cured. The couple witnessed several miracles made by the image of San Roque. The couple decided to construct a chapel for the image with the help of the co-founders. They came to the consensus that the place he named SAN ROQUE, the honour the miraculous image. The land area has approximately 301.3161 hectares. San Roque has a total population of 1,635 people. The residents celebrate the Barangay Fiesta on the 16th day of August every year. Most of the people of San Roque depend on farming as their means of livelihood. They rais copra, palay, banana, root crops, cattle, swine, poultry and firewood. Because the soil of San Roque is no longer so fertile for farming. Some resident lead to migrate to Metro Manila to seek for employment at present there are a few who have the jobs as OFWs. The residents together with the local Officials requested the school authorities to the Bureau of Public Schools for a classroom and teacher to thought the Grade 1 pupils. In the year 1958 was the first graduation exercises held in this Elementary School. The school site was donated by Mrs. Igleceria Ibo Seletaria in 1941. At present the school has staff of 9 teacher headed by a head teacher,90 professional come from Barangay San Roque. San Roque has a tourist spot said to be KUMAKAWA or rounded hill.
|Santicon||393.38||Rural||RADC||Prior to the establishment of Polangui, the first known “pueblo” was Lanigay. When the recognized town was named Polangui,
Lanigay existed as one of its barrios. It had a wide area of coverage and Santicon was a part of it as a Sitio named after its patron saint, San Antonio. Early residents of the Barrio/Sitio correlated its name to two big places of stone striking each other at night time and because of friction it even produced a spark of light. Local term related by the people to the action of the stones was “santic”. The continuous action of the stones and use of the term by the people, it is changed to “Santicon” and thus the name Santicon came to being, as the name of the barrio. It was in 1928, when Santicon was separated from Lanigay and known to be a duly recognized barrio with 13 households. At the time of its separation, there were only 18 families who pioneered the inhabitants and they were the following; Sabaybay, Olicia, Sarion, Casiao, Carullo, Ravago, Seletaria, Salem, Dacara, Nepomuceno, Oliquino, Lacsina, Cao, Recaña, Carillo, Bertumen, Penetrante and Resureccion. Its separation/creation was made possible through the efforts of Vito Cao, the appointed Teniente and at the same time donated the lot where the chapel was erected. Heads of the barrio: (past to present and from Teniente to Captain Vito Cao, Timoteo Dacara, Gregorio Carullo, Francisco Resureccion, Enrique Sapiera, Rufino Olicia, Melicio Sanorjo, Vicente Olicia, Teodorico Casiao, Benito Quiquino, Felipe Ravago, Justiniano Nepomuceno, Rodrigo Vargas, Jose Lustan, Felicisimo Casiao and Arnulfo B. Penetrante from December 1, 2007(to date). And the first Barangay Captain Who finished the (3) consecutive terms. The school its development: Part of its development and progress, a public elementary school was opened in 1949. This took place because of the desire of the people to possibly make every resident of the barrio literate. It took the people much pains and sacrifices in trying to start the operation of the school, and out of their painstaking activation the glory is being present by the present generation. The school site was acquired through donation, June 3, 1949 (5000 sq. M) and purchase July 13, 1951 (5000 sq. M.) From Leodogario Resanes Sarion. Since its opening to present, there are the school heads resigned and through/contributed much to its improvement and progress. They are; Lauriano Ronda, Martin Sabio, Silvestre Salalima, Vito Salinel, Humberto Gonsales, Luz Vasquez, Juan Briones, Rizalina Bobis, Aludia Rempillo, Alberto S. Sapaula, Jimmy Camba, and Mr. Benjamin Rances, Milagros Sanorjo to date. Its linkage to the poblacion was made easier through the construction of roads and bridges, unlike before that the people had to stretch a trail. Transportation is no longer a problem. To give credit to all people/residents of Santicon, who made their Barangay as it is now. People who were ambitious, industrious, peace-loving, self-reliant and above all, Progress oriented.
|Santa Teresita||285.13||Rural||RADC||Barangay Sta. Teresita named of petroness, SAINT THERESE OF THE CHILD JESUS now Sta. Teresita. It was founded in 1955 with Davd B. dela
Cruz serving as its First Teniente del Barrio and was assisted by, Raymundo Garcia, Teofilo Bagacina, Teofilo Borja Sr., Esteban Sanado, Victorino Nacario, Salustiano Corporal, Segundino Dacara. It is formerly a sitio of Magpanambo known as **MALAYAGAN** and become a 42nd Independent Barangay of Polangui, Albay in 1955. The Barangay Site and the School Site was donated by family of Patricio Dela Cruz, Other part of Barangay was derived from other neighboring Barangay*s (San Roque, La Medalla & La Purisima .The boundaries areas follows SOUTH Brgy. San Roque, EAST Brgy. La Purisima and Brgy. La Medalla and WEST Brgy. Magpanambo. The first Teacher was administered by the late Loreta Redada and the first Priest was Rev. Domingo Alberto.
|Ubaliw||221.44||Urban||Poblacion||The origin of the name UBALIW can be attributed to the presence of a creek that divides the Sitios of Centro Oriental and
Ubaliw - known for other name during the early days. Centro then was the center of Poblacion, and Ubaliw then was known as BALIU. As told by older folks, the creek which used to be narrow became wider when Typhoon Jean hit the place in the 50s. In the early 1920, the place was still a forested area with about fifteen household. Wild pigs, carabaos, and other animals roamed freely, thus the place was known for its being dirty community. Ubaliw and Basud used to be a single barrio. Lupe Mirabueno was the First Teniente del Barrio. Among those who served as Teniente del Barrio were Placio Refelino, Leon Salinel, Emilio Refran Sr., and Pedro Sagrit. Then followed by Barangay Captain Adriana Santayana, Rizalina Sapo, Armando Sariba, Jose A. Zamora and Josefina D. Bejer.
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority   |
In the 2020 census, Polangui had a population of 89,176. The population density was 610 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,600/sq mi).
|2020 ||2010 |
|050514013||Centro Occidental (Pob.)||4.0%||3,578||3,384||0.58%|
|050514014||Centro Oriental (Pob.)||2.7%||2,393||2,264||0.57%|
Bikol Polangueño is the main dialect in Polangui, classified under Oasnon/West Miraya Bikol language. The majority of the population speak Tagalog and English. Other languages/dialects spoken are Bicolano Viejo and Bikol Rinconada (Agos-Matacon Area).
Christianity is the predominant religion with Roman Catholicism having the biggest practitioners. The four (4) Roman Catholic Parishes of Polangui is grouped as part of the Third Vicariate under the Roman Catholic Diocese of Legazpi. The Parishes are:
All of the barangays have their respective patron saints and barangay chapels.
Other Christian denominations present in the municipality include Protestants, Baptist, United Pentecostal Church, and Iglesia ni Cristo. Islam and Buddhism also have followers in the municipality.
Economy of Polangui, Albay
|2020 Financial Highlights|
Comparative Financial Position
Results of Operations
Polangui is classified as a first-class municipality as per DOF Order No. 20-05, dated July 29, 2005.
Its economy is still heavily dependent on agriculture. Major crops include rice, corn, cacao, pili, root crops, vegetables, coconuts and abacá. Poultry and livestock raising are also very much alive.
Major business commercial establishments include the Bicol's largest mall chain, Liberty Commercial Center (LCC); and the Novo Asia Jeans and Shirts. The municipality has also attracted investments from national retail chains such as the recently opened Xentro Mall Polangui and SM Hypermarket. Other local establishments include Tri-Star Commercial, V5 General Merchandise, Angena Trading, and the recently opened Polangui 168 Enterprises.
Polangui provides a good view of Mount Mayon. The town hosts various historical and cultural tourism spots and other tourism-oriented recreation centers. Among these are:
This list contains an overview of the government-recognized historical markers installed by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP) in Polangui that have been commemorated by cast-iron plaques permanently installed in publicly visible locations on buildings, monuments, or in special locations. While many cultural properties have historical markers installed, not all places marked with historical markers are designated into one of the particular categories of Cultural Properties.
|Marker title||Inscription||Category||Type||Description||Barangay||Coordinates||Language||Date Issued||Image|
CAMILO JACOB REBOLUSYONARYO AT ISA SA QUINCE MARTIRES NG BIKOL. ISINILANG SA POLANGUI, ALBAY, KALAGITNAAN NG IKA-19 NA SIGLO. NAGING KASAPI NG TRIANGULO, BIKOL, ISANG MASONERIYA SA CAMARINES NA NAGHANGAD NA MAPABUTI ANG KALAGAYAN NG BAYAN. DINAKIP AT NILITIS NG KORTE MILITAR DAHIL SA BINTANG NA REBELYON, 29 DISYEMBRE 1896. BINARIL SA BAGUMBAYAN KASAMA ANG IBA PANG MGA BIKOLANONG NAHATULANG REBELDE NG MGA ESPANYOL, 4 ENERO 1897.
|Structure||Monument||One of the Fifteen Martyrs of Bicol. A mason from Camarines who sought better conditions for the country.||Centro Occidental, in front of the Sangguniang Bayan building||Filipino||March 7, 2017|
The nearest airport is in Legazpi City Legazpi Airport – about 39.1 kilometres (24.3 mi) from Polangui. Philippine Airlines and Cebu Pacific Air operate in the airport, with daily flights to and from Manila and Cebu. The construction of the soon Polangui Domestic Airport at Barangay Balangibang is still under negotiation.
Polangui is a landlocked municipality, entirely enclosed by land. The nearest ports from Polangui are Pantao Port in Libon, Pio Duran Port in Pio Duran, Legazpi Seaport in Legazpi City, and Tabaco International Seaport in Tabaco City.
In March 2012, the 10 1/2-hour Mayon Limited started traveling between Manila and Ligao City, but later ceased operations. In 2016, operation of the PNR Southrail Line resumed with one round trip between Naga City and Legazpi City, and served the town through the Polangui railway station. However, it was also stopped due to issues on maintenance and public safety.
Roads in Polangui are classified into:
Polangui can be reached through land transport (by bus) from Manila in about 10 hours, two hours less if the new (Andaya Highway) route is taken. Main routes can be reached through by aircon buses, Garage to Terminal (GT) Vans and FX (location and access to is underway with the new Polangui Terminal), private cars, trimobiles, padyak and motorcycles. Some bus companies with stations in Polangui are:
In order to spur development in the municipality, the Toll Regulatory Board declared Toll Road 5 the extension of South Luzon Expressway. A 420-kilometer, four lane expressway starting from the terminal point of the now under construction SLEX Toll Road 4 at Barangay Mayao, Lucena City in Quezon to Matnog, Sorsogon, near the Matnog Ferry Terminal. On August 25, 2020, San Miguel Corporation announced that they will invest the project which will reduce travel time from Lucena to Matnog from 9 hours to 5.5 hours.
A local FM Station, Hot FM Polangui DWJJ 97.9 MHz, broadcasts live updates, news and entertainment. The municipality also receives signal from all major radio stations from Legazpi City and even Naga City in Camarines Sur.
There is one TV relay station operating in the municipality (ABS-CBN). However, local TVs get strong signals from nearby Legazpi City and Naga City relay stations. Cable services are also offered in the area by two companies:
There are two existing telephone lines in Polangui:
The municipality is served by the Philippines' three main mobile phone carriers:
Presently, there are almost 20 Day Care Centers, 3 private pre-schools, 42 public elementary schools, 5 private elementary schools, 7 public high schools, 3 private high schools and 4 tertiary schools in the municipality.
The municipality has four tertiary schools:
Private elementary schools
Day care and pre-school
The present health services of the municipality are administered by 2 Municipal Health Officers, 2 Public Health Nurses, 1 Medical Technologist, 1 Dentist, and 12 Midwives.
Aside from the Municipal Health Office and Barangay Health Stations, there are 2 Private Hospitals (Isip General Hospital in Gabon and Perillo General Hospital in Magurang), and 14 clinics that provide alternative health services to the population of the municipality. Polangui is equipped with 6 ambulances- 1 in the Rural Health Unit (RHU), 2 in the municipal hall, and 3 in the health station centers in Balinad, Itaran and Matacon.
The Basic Emergency Obstetric and Newborn Care (BEmONC) Birthing Facility at RHU-Polangui specializes in maternal healthcare, along with several lying-in and birthing clinics. Polangui's BEmONC Birthing Facility is a PhilHealth-accredited institution and offers free services to cardholders.
A new medical establishment recently opened its doors- the Our Lady of Perpetual Help Diagnostic and Dialysis Center at Barangay Centro Oriental, in front of the Polangui South Central Elementary School. Polangui and Legazpi City are the only ones in Albay who have a dialysis facility.
In dealing with solid waste management, the Municipality of Polangui has adopted the usual means of dumping garbage in an open-pit dumpsite. Garbage is collected from each barangay in the poblacion every Tuesday and Friday. The municipality has four garbage trucks to ensure that the garbage is collected and disposed in the waste disposal site located at Sitio Barobo, about 4-kilometre (2.5 mi) distance from the central business district.
The Polangui Fire Station, Bureau of Fire Protection is located at Barangay Centro Occidental, between the Municipal Hall and the Polangui Police Station. The Polangui BFP is headed by Fire Marshal SINSP MARC ALLAN C CONSUEGRA.
Polangui PNP is headed by PSI Edgar Azotea
The Polangui District Jail is manned by officers of the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology (BJMP), headed by Jail Warden Sr. Insp. Alfredo R. Ricaford, Jr.
The Albay Power and Energy Corporation (APEC) Sub-Station 2 in Barangay Centro Occidental provides electricity to the majority of the town's barangays.
Water supply is managed by the Polangui Waterworks Services Administration (POWASA), inaugurated by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, located at Barangay Balinad. Its present service area encompasses the poblacion and some of the other barangays. The rest of the residents, most especially those in the upland and rural areas are still dependent on shallow wells, deep wells or springwater.
There are 7 cemeteries in the municipality:
|Mayor||Andy A. Mariscotes ♯||Nonpartisan|
|Vice Mayor||Restituto "Buboy" S. Fernandez, Jr. ♯||PDP–Laban|
|Councilors||Eugene L. Arrive +||Nonpartisan|
|Noli D. Samlero ‹›||PDP–Laban|
|Remgildo C. Gonzales, Jr. +||Nonpartisan|
|William H. Buendia, Sr. ‹›||PDP–Laban|
|Noel Aristeo A. Magistrado +||Nonpartisan|
|Jesciel Richard G. Salceda ‹›||PDP–Laban|
|Jose O. Villar +||PDP–Laban|
|Vicente Jose Gerard Z. Jaucian +||PDP–Laban|
|Ex Officio Municipal Council Members|
|ABC President||Raymond Adrian F. Salceda (Centro Oriental)||Nonpartisan|
|SK Federation President||John Joseph G. Villar (Matacon)||Nonpartisan|
|2021||Albay for Beautification, Clean and Green Program (AFBCGP) Most Outstanding LGU||Provincial||Provincial Government of Albay|
|2021||Albay for Beautification, Clean and Green Program (AFBCGP) 2nd Most Outstanding Barangay (Brgy. Maysua)||Provincial||Provincial Government of Albay|
|2021||Albay for Beautification, Clean and Green Program (AFBCGP) Most Outstanding Municipal Agricultural Officer (Alfredo Mariscotes Jr.)||Provincial||Provincial Government of Albay|
|2019||2019 Seal of Good Local Governance||National||Department of the Interior and Local Government|
|2019||2019 Seal of Good Financial Housekeeping||National||Department of the Interior and Local Government|
|2018||2018 Seal of Good Financial Housekeeping||National||Department of the Interior and Local Government|
|2017||2017 Seal of Good Financial Housekeeping||National||Department of the Interior and Local Government|
|2016||Best LGU Rabies Program Implementer||National||Department of Agriculture - Bureau of Animal Industry|
|2014||Agri-Pinoy Rice Achievers Award (APRAA) Hall of Fame||National||Department of Agriculture|
|2012||Most Outstanding Kadunong Award for Best Practices in Education||Provincial||Provincial Government of Albay|