Politics of French Polynesia takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic French overseas collectivity, whereby the President of French Polynesia is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Assembly of French Polynesia.

Between 1946 and 2003, French Polynesia had the status of an overseas territory (French: territoire d'outre-mer, or TOM). In 2003 it became an overseas collectivity (French: collectivité d'outre-mer, or COM). Its statutory law of 27 February 2004 gives it the particular designation of "overseas country" to underline the large autonomy of the territory.

Executive branch

Main office-holders
Office Name Party Since
High Commissioner Éric Spitz Non-Partisan 23 Sept 2022
President of French Polynesia Moetai Brotherson Tāvini Huiraʻatira 12 Mai 2023
President of the Assembly Antony Géros Tāvini Huiraʻatira 11 mai 2023

The President of the French Republic is represented by the High Commissioner of the Republic in French Polynesia (Haut-Commissaire de la République en Polynésie française). The government is headed by the President of French Polynesia. He submits as Council of Ministers a list of members of the Territorial Assembly, the Assembly of French Polynesia (Assemblée de la Polynésie française), for approval by them to serve as ministers.

Legislative branch

French Polynesia elects the Assembly of French Polynesia (Assemblée de la Polynésie française), the unicameral legislature on the territorial level. The Assembly of French Polynesia has 57 members, elected for a five-year term by proportional representation in multi-seat constituencies. Since the territorial elections of March 6, 2001, the parity bill now binds that the number of women matches the number of men at the Assembly.

Political parties and elections

For a full list of political parties, see List of political parties in French Polynesia.

Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes % Seats +/–
Tapura Huiraatira 53,790 43.04 66,725 48.18 38 New
Tahoera'a Huiraatira 36,747 29.40 37,606 27.72 11 –27
Tavini Huiraatira 25,890 20.72 31,357 23.11 8 –3
Te Ora Api o Porinetia 4,604 3.68
E Reo Manahune 2,503 2.00
Popular Republican Union 1,443 1.15
Total 124,975 100 135,688 100 57 0
Valid votes 124,975 98.31 135,688 98.33
Blank votes 1,091 0.86 1,128 0.89
Invalid votes 1,056 0.83 1,006 0.79
Total 127,122 100 137,990 100
Registered voters/turnout 206,662 61.51 206,520 66.82
Source: Haut-Commissariat (first round, second round)

The members of the Assembly of French Polynesia are elected in 6 different electoral districts or electoral circumscriptions (French: circonscriptions électorales) which slightly differ from the administrative subdivisions (subdivisions administratives) on the Tuamotus and the Gambier Islands. The 6 electoral circumscriptions (circonscriptions électorales) are:

Judicial branch

Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel; Court of the First Instance or Tribunal de Premiere Instance; Court of Administrative Law or Tribunal Administratif.

Administrative divisions

French Polynesia has 5 administrative subdivisions (French: subdivisions administratives):

note: Clipperton Island (French: Île de Clipperton), just off the coast of Mexico, was administered by France from French Polynesia.

International organization participation

ESCAP (associate), FZ, ITUC, SPC, WMO

See also

References

Media related to Politics of French Polynesia at Wikimedia Commons