|• Body||Executive board|
|• Voivode||Dariusz Drelich (PiS)|
|• Marshal||Mieczysław Struk (PO)|
|• EP||Pomeranian constituency|
|• Total||18,293 km2 (7,063 sq mi)|
|• Density||130/km2 (330/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||PL-22|
very high · 3rd
Pomeranian Voivodeship, Pomorskie Region, or Pomerania Province (Polish: Województwo pomorskie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ pɔˈmɔrskʲɛ]; (Kashubian: Pòmòrsczé wòjewództwò [pvɛˈmvɛrst͡ʃi vɛ.jɛˈvut͡s.tfɔ]), is a voivodeship, or province, in northwestern Poland. The provincial capital is Gdańsk.
The voivodeship was established on January 1, 1999, out of the former voivodeships of Gdańsk, Elbląg and Słupsk, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1997. It is bordered by West Pomeranian Voivodeship to the west, Greater Poland and Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeships to the south, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship to the east, and the Baltic Sea to the north. It also shares a short land border with Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast), on the Vistula Spit. The voivodeship comprises most of Pomerelia (the easternmost part of historical Pomerania), as well as an area east of the Vistula River. The western part of the province, around Słupsk, belonged historically to Farther Pomerania. The central parts of the province belong to Pomerelia, including Kashubia, named after the Kashubian minority. The eastern bank of the Vistula, nowadays called Powiśle (Vistula Plains), belongs to the historical region of Prussia.
The province is one of rich cultural heritage. The Tricity urban area, consisting of Gdańsk, Gdynia and Sopot, is one of the main cultural, commercial and educational centres of Poland. Gdańsk and Gdynia are two of the major Polish seaports, the first erected by Mieszko I of Poland in the Middle Ages, the latter built in the interwar period. Amongst the most recognisable landmarks of the region are the historic city centre of Gdańsk filled with Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque masterpieces, the Museum of the National Anthem in Będomin, located at the birthplace of Józef Wybicki, poet and politician, author of the national anthem of Poland, the largest medieval churches of Poland (the St. Mary's Church in Gdańsk and the Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption in Pelplin) and the Malbork Castle. The voivodeship also includes the narrow Hel Peninsula and the Polish half of the Vistula Spit. Other tourist destinations include Wejherowo, Sopot, Jurata, Łeba, Władysławowo, Puck, Krynica Morska, Ustka, Jastarnia, Kuźnica, Bytów and many fishing ports, lighthouses, and boats.
The name Pomerania derives from the Slavic po more, meaning "by the sea" or "on the sea".
The voivodeship contains 7 cities and 35 towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (official 2019 figures).
For populations as of 2019, see List of cities and towns in Pomeranian Voivodeship.
Pomeranian Voivodeship is divided into 20 counties (powiats): 4 city counties, and 16 land counties. These are further divided into 123 gminas (communes).
The counties are listed below in order of decreasing population.
|1,345||128,055||Starogard Gdański||Skarszewy, Skórcz, Czarna Woda||13|
|2,304||98,793||Słupsk *||Ustka, Kępice||10|
|578||86,203||Puck||Władysławowo, Jastarnia, Hel||7|
|Nowy Dwór Gdański County
powiat nowodworski (pomorski)
|653||35,656||Nowy Dwór Gdański||Krynica Morska||5|
|* seat not part of the county|
|Tomasz Sowińskii||1 January 1999 - 20 October 2001|
|Jan Ryszard Kurylczyk||20 October 2001 - 26 July 2004|
|Cezary Dąbrowski||26 July 2004 - 27 January 2006|
|Piotr Ołowski||27 January 2006 - 26 February 2007|
|Piotr Karczewski||22 May 2007 - 29 November 2007|
|Roman Zaborowski||29 November 2007 - 25 October 2011|
|Ryszard Stachurski||12 December 2011 – 8 December 2015|
|Dariusz Drelich||8 December 2015 – present|
The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was 29.2 billion euros in 2018, accounting for 5.9% of Polish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 20,800 euros or 69% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 74% of the EU average.
|Location||Kind of activity|
|Energa Gdańsk Power Generator ||Gdańsk||energy supplies|
|Ergo Hestia ||Sopot||insurance|
|Gdańsk Repair Yard||Gdańsk||repair shipyard|
|Gdynia Stocznia ||Gdynia||shipyard|
|GE Capital Bank||Gdańsk||banking|
|Grupa LOTOS ||Gdańsk||petroleum products|
|Intel Technology Poland ||Gdańsk||hardware|
|International Paper Kwidzyn ||Kwidzyn||paper products|
|Lubiana ||Łubiana near Kościerzyna||china-ware manufacturer|
|Philips Consumer Electronics||Kwidzyn||electronics|
|Prokom Software ||Gdynia||software|
|Destylarnia Sobieski ||Starogard Gdański||distillery|
|Elnord ||Gdańsk||energy supplies|
|LPP ||Gdańsk||designing and distributing clothes|
(Gdańsk University of Technology)
|Akademia Pomorska w Słupsku
(Pomeranian Academy in Słupsk)
|Akademia Medyczna w Gdańsku
(Medical University of Gdańsk)
|Akademia Wychowanie Fizycznego i Sportu w Gdańsku
(Gdańsk Sports Academy)
|Akademia Sztuk Pięknych w Gdańsku
(Gdańsk Academy of Fine Arts)
|Akademia Marynarki Wojennej im. Bohaterów Westerplatte
(Polish Naval Academy)
|Akademia Morska w Gdyni
(Gdynia Maritime Academy)
|Gdańskie Seminarium Duchowne
|Akademia Muzyczna im. Stanisława Moniuszki w Gdańsku
(Stanisław Moniuszko Academy of Music, in Gdańsk)
|Data as of 31 November 2005, source http://www.stat.gov.pl|
Protected areas in Pomeranian Voivodeship include two National Parks and nine Landscape Parks. These are listed below.
((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)