Pomeranian Voivodeship
Województwo pomorskie (Polish)
Pòmòrsczé wòjewództwò (Kashubian)
Location within Poland
Location within Poland
Coordinates: 54°12′N 18°01′E / 54.200°N 18.017°E / 54.200; 18.017
Country Poland
CapitalGdańsk
Counties
Government
 • BodyPomeranian Voivodeship executive board
 • VoivodeBeata Rutkiewicz (KO)
 • MarshalMieczysław Struk (KO)
Area
 • Total18,293 km2 (7,063 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total2,337,769
 • Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,486,267
 • Rural
851,502
GDP
 • Total€34.497 billion
 • Per capita€15,000
ISO 3166 codePL-22
Vehicle registrationG
HDI (2019)0.892[2]
very high · 3rd
Highways
Websitepomorskie.eu
  • Further divided into 123 gminas

Pomeranian Voivodeship (Polish: Województwo pomorskie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ pɔˈmɔrskʲɛ] ; Kashubian: Pòmòrsczé wòjewództwò [pvɛˈmvɛrst͡ʃi vɛjɛˈvut͡stfɔ]) is a voivodeship, or province, in northwestern Poland. The provincial capital is Gdańsk.

The voivodeship was established on January 1, 1999, out of the former voivodeships of Gdańsk, Elbląg and Słupsk, pursuant to the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1997. It is bordered by West Pomeranian Voivodeship to the west, Greater Poland and Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeships to the south, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship to the east, and the Baltic Sea to the north. It also shares a short land border with Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast), on the Vistula Spit. The bulk of the voivodeship is located in the historic region of Pomerania, with the territories on the eastern bank of the Vistula being part of Powiśle. The Pomeranian part of the region comprises most of Pomerelia (the easternmost part of Pomerania) with its subregions of Kashubia and Kociewie, whereas the western part, around Słupsk, is part of Farther Pomerania.

The province is one of rich cultural heritage. The Tricity urban area, consisting of Gdańsk, Gdynia and Sopot, is one of the main cultural, commercial and educational centres of Poland. Gdańsk and Gdynia are two of the major Polish seaports, the first erected by Mieszko I of Poland in the Middle Ages, the latter built in the interwar period. Amongst the most recognisable landmarks of the region are the historic city centre of Gdańsk filled with Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque masterpieces, the Museum of the National Anthem in Będomin, located at the birthplace of Józef Wybicki, poet and politician, author of the national anthem of Poland, the largest medieval churches of Poland (the St. Mary's Church in Gdańsk and the Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption in Pelplin) and the Malbork Castle. The voivodeship also includes the narrow Hel Peninsula and the Polish half of the Vistula Spit. Other tourist destinations include Wejherowo, Sopot, Jurata, Łeba, Władysławowo, Puck, Krynica Morska, Ustka, Jastarnia, Kuźnica, Bytów and many fishing ports, lighthouses, and marinas.

Ethymology

The name Pomerania derives from the Slavic po more, meaning "by the sea" or "on the sea".[3]

Cities and towns

Gdańsk, principal seaport of Poland since the Middle Ages and the capital of Pomeranian Voivodeship
Słupsk, the largest city in the west of the voivodeship
Tczew, the largest city in the ethnocultural region of Kociewie
Wejherowo, one of the main centres of the ethnocultural region of Kashubia
Starogard Gdański, the capital of Kociewie
Sopot, a resort and one of the three cities of the Tricity

The voivodeship contains 7 cities and 35 towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (official 2019 figures).[4]

Cities (governed by a city mayor or prezydent miasta):
  1. Gdańsk (468,158)
  2. Gdynia (246,244)
  3. Słupsk (90,769)
  4. Tczew (60,120)
  5. Wejherowo (49,652)
  6. Starogard Gdański (47,775)
  7. Sopot (35,827)

Towns:

  1. Rumia (49,160)
  2. Chojnice (39,890)
  3. Malbork (38,465)
  4. Kwidzyn (38,444)
  5. Lębork (35,333)
  6. Pruszcz Gdański (31,135)
  7. Reda (26,011)
  8. Kościerzyna (23,776)
  9. Bytów (16,918)
  10. Ustka (15,460)
  11. Kartuzy (14,536)
  12. Człuchów (13,649)
  13. Puck (11,213)
  14. Miastko (10,439)
  15. Sztum (9,940)
  16. Władysławowo (9,930)
  17. Czersk (9,910)
  18. Nowy Dwór Gdański (9,905)
  19. Prabuty (8,695)
  20. Pelplin (7,784)
  21. Skarszewy (6,994)
  22. Gniew (6,707)
  23. Żukowo (6,691)
  24. Czarne (5,932)
  25. Dzierzgoń (5,364)
  26. Brusy (5,188)
  27. Debrzno (5,096)
  28. Nowy Staw (4,248)
  29. Łeba (3,644)
  30. Skórcz (3,625)
  31. Kępice (3,580)
  32. Hel (3,267)
  33. Czarna Woda (2,786)
  34. Jastarnia (2,704)
  35. Krynica Morska (1,303)

For populations as of 2019, see List of cities and towns in Pomeranian Voivodeship.

Administrative division

Pomeranian Voivodeship is divided into 20 counties (powiats): 4 city counties, and 16 land counties. These are further divided into 123 gminas (communes).

The counties are listed below in order of decreasing population.

English and
Polish names
Area
(km2)
Population
(2019)
Seat Other towns Total
gminas
City counties
Gdańsk 262 468,158 1
Gdynia 136 246,244 1
Słupsk 43.15 90,769 1
Sopot 17.31 35,827 1
Land counties
Wejherowo County
powiat wejherowski
1,280 216,764 Wejherowo Rumia, Reda 10
Starogard County
powiat starogardzki
1,345 128,055 Starogard Gdański Skarszewy, Skórcz, Czarna Woda 13
Tczew County
powiat tczewski
698 115,738 Tczew Pelplin, Gniew 6
Kartuzy County
powiat kartuski
1,120 137,942 Kartuzy Żukowo 8
Słupsk County
powiat słupski
2,304 98,793 Słupsk * Ustka, Kępice 10
Chojnice County
powiat chojnicki
1,364 97,616 Chojnice Czersk, Brusy 5
Gdańsk County
powiat gdański
793 117,452 Pruszcz Gdański 8
Kwidzyn County
powiat kwidzyński
835 83,231 Kwidzyn Prabuty 6
Bytów County
powiat bytowski
2,193 79,260 Bytów Miastko 10
Puck County
powiat pucki
578 86,203 Puck Władysławowo, Jastarnia, Hel 7
Kościerzyna County
powiat kościerski
1,166 72,589 Kościerzyna 8
Lębork County
powiat lęborski
707 66,196 Lębork Łeba 5
Malbork County
powiat malborski
495 63,575 Malbork Nowy Staw 6
Człuchów County
powiat człuchowski
1,574 56,225 Człuchów Czarne, Debrzno 7
Sztum County
powiat sztumski
731 41,808 Sztum Dzierzgoń 5
Nowy Dwór Gdański County
powiat nowodworski (pomorski)
653 35,656 Nowy Dwór Gdański Krynica Morska 5
* seat not part of the county

Governors

Pomeranian Voivodeship Office in Gdańsk
Name Period
Tomasz Sowińskii 1 January 1999 - 20 October 2001
Jan Ryszard Kurylczyk 20 October 2001 - 26 July 2004
Cezary Dąbrowski 26 July 2004 - 27 January 2006
Piotr Ołowski 27 January 2006 - 26 February 2007
Piotr Karczewski 22 May 2007 - 29 November 2007
Roman Zaborowski 29 November 2007 - 25 October 2011
Ryszard Stachurski 12 December 2011 – 8 December 2015
Dariusz Drelich 8 December 2015 – present

Economy

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19882,095,147—    
20022,179,900+4.0%
20112,276,174+4.4%
20212,357,320+3.6%
Source: pop-stat.mashke.org[5]
Gdańsk seaport

The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was 29.2 billion euros in 2018, accounting for 5.9% of Polish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 20,800 euros or 69% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 74% of the EU average.[6]

Major corporations

Corporation name
Further information
Location Kind of activity
Energa Gdańsk Power Generator [1] Gdańsk energy supplies
Ergo Hestia [2] Sopot insurance
Gdańsk Repair Yard[3] Gdańsk repair shipyard
Gdynia Stocznia [4] Gdynia shipyard
GE Capital Bank[5] Gdańsk banking
Grupa LOTOS [6] Gdańsk petroleum products
Intel Technology Poland [7] Gdańsk hardware
International Paper Kwidzyn [8] Kwidzyn paper products
Lubiana [9] Łubiana near Kościerzyna china-ware manufacturer
Philips Consumer Electronics Kwidzyn electronics
Polpharma[10] Starogard Gdański medicines
Prokom Software [11] Gdynia software
Destylarnia Sobieski [12] Starogard Gdański distillery
Elnord [13] Gdańsk energy supplies
LPP [14] Gdańsk designing and distributing clothes
Source:[7]

Transport

Gdynia Główna and Gdańsk Główny railway stations

The A1, S6 and S7 highways pass through the province.

Railway

The three busiest railway stations of northern Poland, and three of ten busiest railway stations of Poland overall, are located in the voivodeship. Those are Gdynia Główna, Gdańsk Główny and Gdańsk Wrzeszcz.[8]

Education

Gdańsk University Faculty of Law, in Gdańsk-Przymorze
Main building, Gdańsk University of Technology

Higher education

Name Location Students
in thousands
total of which
women
Total - 97.9 55.3
Uniwersytet Gdański
(Gdańsk University)
Tricity 29.3 19.4
Politechnika Gdańska
(Gdańsk University of Technology)
Gdańsk 17.6 5.9
Akademia Pomorska w Słupsku
(Pomeranian Academy in Słupsk)
Słupsk 8.1 6.0
Akademia Medyczna w Gdańsku
(Medical University of Gdańsk)
Gdańsk 4.2 3.1
Akademia Wychowanie Fizycznego i Sportu w Gdańsku
(Gdańsk Sports Academy)
Gdańsk 4.1 1.9
Akademia Sztuk Pięknych w Gdańsku
(Gdańsk Academy of Fine Arts)
Gdańsk 0.9 0.7
Akademia Marynarki Wojennej im. Bohaterów Westerplatte
(Polish Naval Academy)
Gdynia . .
Akademia Morska w Gdyni
(Gdynia Maritime Academy)
Gdynia . .
Gdańskie Seminarium Duchowne
(Gdańsk Seminary)
Gdańsk . .
Akademia Muzyczna im. Stanisława Moniuszki w Gdańsku
(Stanisław Moniuszko Academy of Music, in Gdańsk)
Gdańsk . .
Data as of 31 November 2005, source http://www.stat.gov.pl

Protected areas

Dunes, Słowiński National Park

Protected areas in Pomeranian Voivodeship include two National Parks and nine Landscape Parks. These are listed below.

Sports

Ergo Arena on the boundary between Gdańsk and Sopot, home venue of the Trefl Sopot basketball team and Trefl Gdańsk volleyball team
Gdynia Arena, home venue of the Arka Gdynia basketball teams and SPR Gdynia handball team
Gdańsk Stadium, home venue of the Lechia Gdańsk football team

Football, basketball, motorcycle speedway and volleyball enjoy the largest following in the voivodeship. The Arka Gdynia and Lechia Gdańsk football clubs contest the Tricity Derby, the fiercest football rivalry in northern Poland.

Since the establishment of the province, several major international sports competitions were co-hosted by the province, including the EuroBasket 2009, UEFA Euro 2012, 2013 Men's European Volleyball Championship, 2014 FIVB Volleyball Men's World Championship, 2016 European Men's Handball Championship, 2017 Men's European Volleyball Championship, 2019 FIFA U-20 World Cup, 2021 Men's European Volleyball Championship, 2023 World Men's Handball Championship.

Professional sports teams
Club Sport League Trophies
Arka Gdynia Basketball (men's) Polish Basketball League 9 Polish Championships
4 Polish Cups
Trefl Sopot Basketball (men's) Polish Basketball League 1 Polish Championship (2024)
3 Polish Cups (2012, 2013, 2023)
Czarni Słupsk Basketball (men's) Polish Basketball League 0
SKS Starogard Gdański Basketball (men's) I Liga 1 Polish Cup (2011)
Decka Pelplin Basketball (men's) I Liga 0
Arka Gdynia Basketball (women's) Basket Liga Kobiet 13 Polish Championships
10 Polish Cups
Arka Gdynia Football (men's) I liga 2 Polish Cups (1979, 2017)
Lechia Gdańsk Football (men's) Ekstraklasa 2 Polish Cups (1983, 2019)
Chojniczanka Chojnice Football (men's) II liga 0
APLG Gdańsk Football (women's) Ekstraliga 0
Pogoń Tczew Football (women's) Ekstraliga 0
Wybrzeże Gdańsk Speedway I liga 0
MMTS Kwidzyn Handball (men's) Superliga 0
Wybrzeże Gdańsk Handball (men's) Superliga 10 Polish Championships
KPR Żukowo Handball (men's) Liga Centralna 0
SPR Gdynia Handball (women's) Liga Centralna 2 Polish Championships (2012, 2017)
3 Polish Cups (2014, 2015, 2016)
Trefl Gdańsk Volleyball (men's) PlusLiga 2 Polish Cups (2015, 2018)
Ogniwo Sopot Rugby union Ekstraliga 11 Polish Championships
10 Polish Cups
RC Arka Gdynia Rugby union Ekstraliga 4 Polish Championships
1 Polish Cup (2010)
RC Lechia Gdańsk Rugby union Ekstraliga 13 Polish Championships
12 Polish Cups

Curiosities

Malbork Castle, UNESCO World Heritage Site and Historic Monument of Poland

References

  1. ^ "EU regions by GDP". Eurostat. Retrieved 18 September 2023.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI". Global Data Lab. Radboud University Nijmegen. Retrieved 2021-12-13.
  3. ^ Der Name Pommern (po more) ist slawischer Herkunft und bedeutet so viel wie "Land am Meer". Archived 2020-08-19 at the Wayback Machine (Pommersches Landesmuseum, German)
  4. ^ GUS. "Population. Size and structure and vital statistics in Poland by territorial division in 2019. As of 30th June". stat.gov.pl. Archived from the original on 2021-04-19. Retrieved 2020-09-11.
  5. ^ "Division of Poland". 2024-04-03.
  6. ^ "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat. Archived from the original on 2022-10-10.
  7. ^ "Economy" (PDF). The Province of Pomerania. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-12-31. Retrieved 2007-01-22.
  8. ^ "Wymiana pasażerska na stacjach". Portal statystyczny UTK (in Polish). Retrieved 19 May 2024.
  9. ^ Zarządzenie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 8 września 1994 r. w sprawie uznania za pomnik historii., M.P. z 1994 r. Nr 50, poz. 415
  10. ^ Rozporządzenie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 20 kwietnia 2018 r. w sprawie uznania za pomnik historii "Kwidzyn - zespół katedralno-zamkowy", Dz. U. z 2018 r. poz. 930
  11. ^ Zarządzenie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 8 września 1994 r. w sprawie uznania za pomnik historii., M.P. z 1994 r. Nr 50, poz. 420
  12. ^ Wijaczka, Jacek (2010). "Szkoci". In Kopczyński, Michał; Tygielski, Wojciech (eds.). Pod wspólnym niebem. Narody dawnej Rzeczypospolitej (in Polish). Warszawa: Muzeum Historii Polski, Bellona. pp. 201–202. ISBN 978-83-11-11724-2.
  13. ^ Rozporządzenie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 22 sierpnia 2003 r. w sprawie uznania za pomnik historii, Dz. U. z 2003 r. Nr 148, poz. 1448