Pontotoc County
Location within the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 34°43′N 96°41′W / 34.72°N 96.69°W / 34.72; -96.69
Country United States
State Oklahoma
Founded1907
Named forChickasaw word for the region meaning either "cattail prairie" "land of hanging grapes"
SeatAda
Largest cityAda
Area
 • Total725 sq mi (1,880 km2)
 • Land720 sq mi (1,900 km2)
 • Water4.8 sq mi (12 km2)  0.7%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total37,492
 • Estimate 
(2019)
38,284
 • Density52/sq mi (20/km2)
Congressional district4th

Pontotoc County is in the south central part of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,492.[1] Its county seat is Ada.[2] The county was created at statehood from part of the Chickasaw Nation in Indian Territory. It was named for a historic Chickasaw tribal area in Mississippi. According to the Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Pontotoc is usually translated "cattail prairie" or "land of hanging grapes."[3]

Pontotoc County comprises the Ada, OK Micropolitan Statistical Area.

The Chickasaw Nation's headquarters are in Ada.

History

The present Pontotoc County was part of the land that the U.S. government granted in 1830 to the Choctaw tribe via the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek. In 1837, the Chickasaw tribe was granted land within the Choctaw domain. In 1857, the Chickasaw Nation formed its own government on this land. However, few Chickasaw settled there until after the Civil War, mainly because of attacks by various Plains Indian tribes.[3]

The first settlers were located in the vicinity of Boggy Depot during the 1840s. Camp Arbuckle was established to protect migrants traveling on the California Road. After the Civil War, settlements began spreading through the area. Some of the new settlers were illegal white intruders and outlaws. The first post office was established at Stonewall in 1878. The town of Ada was founded in 1890. After three railroads built lines through Ada, it became the dominant community of the area. Ada was named county seat when Pontotoc County was created.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 725 square miles (1,880 km2), of which 720 square miles (1,900 km2) is land and 4.8 square miles (12 km2) (0.7%) is water.[4] The Canadian River forms the northern boundary.[3]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
191024,331
192030,94927.2%
193032,4694.9%
194039,79222.6%
195030,875−22.4%
196028,089−9.0%
197027,867−0.8%
198032,59817.0%
199034,1194.7%
200035,1433.0%
201037,4926.7%
2019 (est.)38,284[5]2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2019[1]
Age pyramid for Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.
Age pyramid for Pontotoc County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 37,492 people living in the county. 71.2% were White, 17.4% Native American, 2.4% Black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 1.1% of some other race and 7.2% of two or more races. 4.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 35,143 people, 13,978 households, and 9,421 families living in the county. The population density was 19/km2 (49/mi2). There were 15,575 housing units at an average density of 8/km2 (22/mi2). The racial makeup of the county was 75.80% White, 2.06% Black or African American, 15.51% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, and 5.36% from two or more races. 2.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,978 households, out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.90% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.60% were non-families. 28.10% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 24.70% under the age of 18, 12.50% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,955, and the median income for a family was $35,400. Males had a median income of $26,785 versus $18,939 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,664. About 11.80% of families and 16.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.10% of those under age 18 and 11.70% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2019[11]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 9,672 44.97%
Republican 8,616 40.06%
Others 3,219 14.97%
Total 21,507 100%
United States presidential election results for Pontotoc County, Oklahoma[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 10,805 70.53% 4,117 26.87% 398 2.60%
2016 10,431 70.33% 3,637 24.52% 763 5.14%
2012 8,945 69.38% 3,947 30.62% 0 0.00%
2008 9,750 68.36% 4,512 31.64% 0 0.00%
2004 9,647 65.13% 5,165 34.87% 0 0.00%
2000 7,299 56.86% 5,387 41.97% 150 1.17%
1996 5,366 39.42% 6,470 47.53% 1,777 13.05%
1992 5,206 33.54% 6,350 40.91% 3,965 25.55%
1988 6,609 49.92% 6,484 48.98% 146 1.10%
1984 8,301 59.69% 5,526 39.74% 80 0.58%
1980 6,232 49.34% 5,942 47.04% 457 3.62%
1976 4,895 39.20% 7,466 59.79% 125 1.00%
1972 8,762 72.04% 3,160 25.98% 240 1.97%
1968 4,161 38.26% 4,291 39.45% 2,425 22.29%
1964 4,166 35.87% 7,449 64.13% 0 0.00%
1960 5,863 55.75% 4,654 44.25% 0 0.00%
1956 4,814 44.72% 5,950 55.28% 0 0.00%
1952 5,389 42.78% 7,208 57.22% 0 0.00%
1948 2,289 22.80% 7,750 77.20% 0 0.00%
1944 2,960 31.05% 6,552 68.73% 21 0.22%
1940 3,449 26.96% 9,310 72.77% 35 0.27%
1936 2,015 19.88% 8,079 79.71% 42 0.41%
1932 1,207 14.31% 7,227 85.69% 0 0.00%
1928 3,356 50.87% 3,203 48.55% 38 0.58%
1924 1,859 28.08% 4,268 64.47% 493 7.45%
1920 2,370 37.17% 3,800 59.60% 206 3.23%
1916 913 21.29% 2,418 56.39% 957 22.32%
1912 642 18.77% 1,842 53.84% 937 27.39%


Economy

Cattle ranching was one of the most important economic activities in this area up through the territorial period. Agriculture rose to prominence in the early 20th century, with cotton being the most important crop. Cattle raising reemerged as the major industry, and the county is sometimes called "Hereford Heaven."[3]

Other important economic activities include limestone quarrying, cement production, light manufacturing, services and government. The city of Ada is the headquarters of the Chickasaw Nation, and the base of the Carl Albert Indian Health System.[3]

Communities

City

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated places

NRHP sites

Main article: National Register of Historic Places listings in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma

The following sites in Pontotoc County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Turner, Alvin O. "Pontotoc County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, 2009. Accessed April 4, 2015.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  5. ^ "County Population Totals: 2010-2019". Retrieved February 7, 2021.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  11. ^ "Oklahoma Registration Statistics by County" (PDF). OK.gov. January 15, 2019. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 29, 2018.

Coordinates: 34°43′N 96°41′W / 34.72°N 96.69°W / 34.72; -96.69