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Port Talbot English
Native toUnited Kingdom
RegionPort Talbot
Latin (English alphabet)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
GlottologNone
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Port Talbot English (PTE) is a variety of Welsh English spoken in Port Talbot, generally by the working class.[1]

Phonetics and phonology

Consonants

Consonants in Port Talbot English generally follow those of Received Pronunciation. Some phonological characteristics of consonants specific to PTE include:

Vowels

Monophthongs

Monophthongs of PTE[5]
Front Central Back
unrounded rounded
short long short long
Close ɪ ʊ
Close-mid øː
Open-mid ɛ ɛː ə
Open a ɒ ɒː
Length
Quality

Diphthongs

Diphthongs of PTE are /ɪʊ, eɪ, oʊ, ʌɪ, ʌʊ, ɒɪ/. PRICE words are mostly pronounced with /ʌɪ/, but there also exists a marginal /aɪ/ which appears in a small number of words, such as Dai and aye.[10]

PTE, like Welsh dialects such as Abercraf English, has preserved several diphthong–monophthong distinctions that other varieties have not. They include:

Elision and assimilation

Phonemic incidence

The following features apply for only some speakers:[9]

Prosody

Grammar

Vocabulary

Idioms

Examples of commonly-used idiomatic phrases in PTE:[13]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Connolly (1990), p. 121.
  2. ^ a b c d Connolly (1990), p. 126.
  3. ^ Coupland, Nikolas; Thomas, Alan Richard (1990). English in Wales: Diversity, Conflict, and Change - Google Books. ISBN 9781853590313. Retrieved 2019-12-02.
  4. ^ Wells (1982), p. 389.
  5. ^ Connolly (1990), pp. 122, 125.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Connolly (1990), p. 124.
  7. ^ Connolly (1990), pp. 121, 125.
  8. ^ Connolly (1990), p. 123.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h Connolly (1990), p. 125.
  10. ^ a b c Connolly (1990), p. 122.
  11. ^ Connolly (1990), pp. 122–123.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i Connolly (1990), p. 127.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h Connolly (1990), p. 128.
  14. ^ Davies, John; Jenkins, Nigel; Baines, Menna; Lynch, Peredur, eds. (2008). The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. ISBN 978-0-7083-1953-6.
  15. ^ Hitt, Carolyn (1 March 2006). "Just who are 'the crachach'?". BBC News.

Bibliography

  • Connolly, John H. (1990), "Port Talbot English", in Coupland, Nikolas; Thomas, Alan Richard (eds.), English in Wales: Diversity, Conflict, and Change, Multilingual Matters Ltd., pp. 121–129, ISBN 1-85359-032-0
  • Wells, John C. (1982), Accents of English, Vol. 2: The British Isles (pp. i–xx, 279–466), Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-52128540-2