The Clothing Portal

A garment factory in Bangladesh
A garment factory in Bangladesh

Clothing (also known as clothes, apparel, and attire) are items worn on the body. Typically, clothing is made of fabrics or textiles, but over time it has included garments made from animal skin and other thin sheets of materials and natural products found in the environment, put together. The wearing of clothing is mostly restricted to human beings and is a feature of all human societies. The amount and type of clothing worn depends on gender, body type, social factors, and geographic considerations. Garments cover the body, footwear covers the feet, gloves cover the hands, while hats and headgear cover the head. Eyewear and jewelry are not generally considered items of clothing, but play an important role in fashion and clothing as costume.

Clothing has significant social factors as well. Wearing clothes is a variable social norm. It may connote modesty. Being deprived of clothing in front of others may be embarrassing. In many parts of the world, not wearing clothes in public so that genitals, breasts, or buttocks are visible could be considered indecent exposure. Pubic area or genital coverage is the most frequently encountered minimum found cross-culturally and regardless of climate, implying social convention as the basis of customs. Clothing also may be used to communicate social status, wealth, group identity, and individualism. (Full article...)

Textile is an umbrella term that encompasses a wide range of materials, including fibers, yarns, and fabrics, in addition to filaments, threads, etc. Consumer textiles and technical textiles are the two principal sectors of the textile industry. Geotextiles, industrial textiles, medical textiles, and many other areas are examples of technical textiles, whereas clothing and furnishings are examples of consumer textiles. Each component of a textile product, including fiber, yarn, fabric, processing, and finishing, affects the final product. Components may vary among various textile products as they are selected based on fitness for purpose. (Full article...)

Textile arts are arts and crafts that use plant, animal, or synthetic fibers to construct practical or decorative objects. (Full article...)

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  • ... that makers of Chantilly lace (pictured) were guillotined during the French Revolution because they were seen as protégés of the royals?
  • ... that Blonde lace, while made with the same stitches as Chantilly lace, was made out of two different thicknesses of thread to create greater contrast between the pattern and the ground?
  • ... that Antwerp lace is also known as "Pot Lace" because of its repeated flower pot motifs?

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Detail of The Family of Henry VIII, now at Hampton Court Palace
Credit: Unknown author (public domain)

Henry VIII of England, flanked by his third wife Jane Seymour and their son, the future Edward VI, is seated on a throne beneath a tapestry baldachin or cloth of state woven with Henry's monogram and coat of arms.

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An haberdasher, and a carpenter,A webbe (weaver), a dyer, and a tapiser (tapestry maker),Were with us eke, cloth'd in one livery,Of a solemn and great fraternity.Full fresh and new their gear y-picked was.Their knives were y-chaped not with brass,But all with silver wrought full clean and well,Their girdles and their pouches every deal.Well seemed each of them a fair burgess,To sitten in a guild-hall, on the dais. — Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales

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    17th century Central Tibeten thanka of Guhyasamaja Akshobhyavajra, Rubin Museum of Art
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    Khalili Collections A Composite Imaginary View of Japan

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Wikipedia:WikiProject Arts

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Textile Arts WikiProject

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WikiProject Fashion  • WikiProject Knots  • WikiProject Sculpture  • WikiProject Visual arts

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