The Iraq Portal
( Iraq Arabic: الْعِرَاق, romanized: ; al-ʿIrāq Kurdish: عێراق, romanized: ), officially the Êraq Republic of Iraq ( Arabic: جُمْهُورِيَّة ٱلْعِرَاق ; Jumhūriīyet al-ʿIrāq Kurdish: کۆماری عێراق, romanized: ), is a country in Komarî Êraq Western Asia. It is bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, the Persian Gulf and Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west. The capital and largest city is Baghdad. Iraq is home to diverse ethnic groups including Arabs, Kurds, Turkmens, Assyrians, Armenians, Yazidis, Sabian-Mandaeans, Persians and Shabakis with similarly diverse geography and wildlife. The majority of the country's 40 million citizens are Muslims, and other recognized religions include Christianity, Yazidism, Mandaeism, Yarsanism and Zoroastrianism The official languages of Iraq are Arabic and Kurdish, with other recognized regional languages being English, Neo-Aramaic, Turkish and Armenian.
Modern Iraq dates back to 1920, when the
British Mandate for Mesopotamia, joining three Ottoman vilayets, was created under the authority of the League of Nations. A British-backed Kingdom was established in 1921 under Faisal I of Iraq. The Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq gained independence from the UK in 1932. In 1958, the monarchy was overthrown and the Iraqi Republic created. Iraq was controlled by the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party from 1968 until 2003. In 1980, Iraq invaded Iran, sparking a protracted war which would last for almost eight years, and end in a stalemate with devastating losses for both countries. After an invasion by the United States and its allies in 2003, Saddam Hussein's Ba'ath Party was removed from power, and multi-party parliamentary elections were held in 2005. The US presence in Iraq ended in 2011.
Iraq is considered an emerging middle power with a strategic location and a founding member of the
United Nations, the OPEC as well as of the Arab League, OIC, Non-Aligned Movement and the IMF. Since its independence, Iraq's political history has been characterized by periods of significant economic and military growth, as well as periods of political and economic instability. ( )
Selected article -
Iraq is a country in Western Asia that largely corresponds with the territory of ancient Mesopotamia, the easternmost portion of the Fertile Crescent that is situated along the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The present-day borders of Iraq were established following the dissolution and partition of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I, with the former vilayets of Baghdad, Basra, and Mosul being placed under British administration. The Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq, which existed as a British mandate from 1921–1932, was created after the failed Iraqi revolt against British rule in 1920 and finalized with the Anglo-Iraqi treaty of 1922. Encompassed within Iraqi territory is the ancient land of Sumer, which came into being between 6,000 and 5,000 BC during the Neolithic Ubaid period of Mesopotamian history, and is widely considered the oldest civilization in recorded history. It is also the historic center of the Akkadian, Neo-Sumerian, Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian, and Neo-Babylonian empires, a succession of local ruling dynasties that reigned over Lower Mesopotamia and various other regions of the Ancient Near East during the Bronze and Iron Ages.
Iraq during antiquity witnessed some of the world's earliest
; hence its common epithet, the
Cradle of Civilization
Selected picture Did you know...
...that the oldest known
writing system, known as cuneiform, was developed in southern Iraq during the Sumerian civilization. ...that the oldest laws were written in Iraq by the Sumerian King
Ur-Nammu. ...that Iraq is second only to
Saudi Arabia in oil reserves. ...that the national soccer team of Iraq won the AFC Asian Cup in 2007.
...the wheel was invented in the southern Iraqi city of
Ur. ...that Iraq is the largest producer of
dates with more than 400 types and more than 22 million date palms. ...that Iraq’s national dish is Masgouf (impaled fish) and its national cookie is Kleicha (meaning circle or wheel), both of which can be traced back to antiquity.
...in the 1940s and 1950s, Iraq had 4/5 of the world's Arecaceae population, these numbers have drastically decreased in the last few decades.
Selected biography - General images
The following are images from various Iraq-related articles on Wikipedia.
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Iraq 1932–1959 (from
is Iraq's all-time most capped player in international matches, having played in 148 official games. (from
Sport in Iraq
Prophet Mohammad, 622–632
Rashidun Caliphate, 632–661 Umayyad Caliphate, 661–750
History of Iraq
The Age of the Caliphs
Inside the Shanidar Cave where the remains of eight adults and two infant
Colossal statue of the god
Muhammad al-Qubbanchi performing Maqam. (from
The Baghdad Beatle
". Madfai's synthesis of Western guitar stylings with traditional Iraqi music has made him a popular performer in his native country and throughout the Middle East. (from
Music of Iraq
The Queen's gold lyre from the Royal Cemetery at Ur.
was one of the most popular singers in the history of
and in the Arab world. His songs are still heard by many in the
world. He was known by his maqam songs. (from
Music of Iraq
Abbasid Caliphate at its greatest extent (from
Saddam Hussein, a leading member of the revolutionary
The Mongol Empire's expansion (from
Kuwait became a Governorate of Iraq (from
British ruled Mesopotamia in pink (from
Riyadh Alazzawi fighting for his seventh world heavyweight kickboxing title in his hometown of Baghdad, Iraq. (from
Saddam Hussein promoting women's education in the 1970s (from
"Entry of Alexander into Babylon", a 1665 painting by
Occupation zones in Iraq in September 2003 (from
was an Iraqi architect, artist and designer, recognised as a major figure in architecture of the late 20th and early 21st centuries. She is known for being influenced by
ancient cities. (from
Culture of Iraq
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