The North Dakota Portal

North Dakota ( /- dəˈktə/ (audio speaker iconlisten)) is a U.S. state in the upper Midwestern region of the country. It is named after the indigenous Lakota and Dakota Sioux, who historically dominated the territory and remain a large community. North Dakota is bordered by the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba to the north and by the U.S. states of Minnesota to the east, South Dakota to the south, and Montana to the west. It is believed to host the geographic center of North America, situated in the town of Rugby, and is home to the tallest man-made structure in the Western Hemisphere, the KVLY-TV mast.

Of the 50 states, North Dakota is the nineteenth largest in area, but with a population of less than 780,000 as of 2020, it is the fourth least populous and fourth most sparsely populated. The capital is Bismarck while the largest city is Fargo, which accounts for nearly a fifth of the state's population; both cities are among the fastest-growing in the U.S., although half of all residents live in rural areas. The state is part of the Great Plains region, with broad prairies, steppe, temperate savanna, badlands, and farmland being defining characteristics.

What is now North Dakota was inhabited for thousands of years by various Native American tribes, including the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara along the Missouri River; the Ojibwa and Cree in the northeast; and several Sioux groups (the Assiniboine, Yankton, Wahpeton, and Teton) across the rest of the state. European explorers and traders first arrived in the early 18th century, mostly in pursuit of lucrative furs. The United States acquired the region in the early 19th century, gradually settling it amid growing resistance by increasingly displaced natives. (Full article...)

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Abortion in North Dakota is legal. 47% of adults said in a poll by the Pew Research Center that abortion should be legal in all or most cases. By 1950, abortion or seeking an abortion was a criminal offense in the state. Informed consent laws were on the books by 2007. Informed consent materials said things like at 10 weeks, the fetus "now has a distinct human appearance" and that "eyelids are formed". The materials said at 14 weeks, the fetus "is able to swallow" and "sleeps and awakens". In March 2013, Gov. Jack Dalrymple of North Dakota signed into law a bill banned abortion at six weeks. More laws were passed in 2013 seeking to ban or limit abortions, and these eventually wound up at the 8th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.

Following abortion becoming legal by judicial rule in 1973, two abortion clinics opened in the state, one in Grand Forks and one in Jamestown. A third clinic opened in 1981, and the state had three clinics until 1991 when the number dropped to one where it would remain except for a period or between 1998 and 2001 when it was two. In May 2019, the state was one of six states in the nation with only one abortion clinic. Abortion rates in the state have remained in relatively stable decline since the 1990s, with 1,490 legal abortions in 1992,  1,330 in 1995, 1,290 in 1996, 1,264 in 2014,  and 1,166 in 2015. There are both abortion rights and anti-abortion rights activists active in the state. (Full article...)
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Largest cities

2019 Rank City 2019 Estimate[1] 2010 Census[2] Change County
1 Fargo 124,662 105,549 +18.11% Cass
2 Bismarck 73,529 61,272 +20.00% Burleigh
3 Grand Forks 55,839 52,838 +5.68% Grand Forks
4 Minot 47,382 40,888 +15.88% Ward
5 West Fargo 37,058 25,830 +43.47% Cass
6 Williston 29,033 14,716 +97.29% Williams
7 Dickinson 23,133 17,787 +30.06% Stark
8 Mandan 22,752 18,331 +24.12% Morton
9 Jamestown 15,084 15,427 −2.22% Stutsman
10 Watford City 7,835 1,744 +349.25% McKenzie
11 Wahpeton 7,734 7,766 −0.41% Richland
12 Devils Lake 7,320 7,141 +2.51% Ramsey
13 Valley City 6,323 6,585 −3.98% Barnes
14 Grafton 4,157 4,284 −2.96% Walsh
15 Lincoln 3,817 2,406 +58.65% Burleigh

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  State capital and county seat

See List of cities in North Dakota for a full list.

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  1. ^ "City and Town Population Totals: 2010-2019". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 28, 2020.
  2. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder2. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved October 26, 2012.[dead link]