The Pacific Northwest Portal

Scattered patches of subalpine fir grow below glaciers and permanent snowfields on the south slope of Mount Rainier in the Cascades ecoregion
Scattered patches of subalpine fir grow below glaciers and permanent snowfields on the south slope of Mount Rainier in the Cascades ecoregion

The Pacific Northwest (sometimes Cascadia, or simply abbreviated as PNW) is a geographic region in western North America bounded by its coastal waters of the Pacific Ocean to the west and, loosely, by the Rocky Mountains to the east. Though no official boundary exists, the most common conception includes the U.S. states of Oregon, Washington, and Idaho, and the Canadian province of British Columbia. Some broader conceptions reach north into Alaska and Yukon and south into northern California. Other conceptions may be limited to the coastal areas west of the Cascade and Coast mountains. The variety of definitions can be attributed to partially overlapping commonalities of the region's history, culture, geography, society, and other factors.

The Northwest Coast is the coastal region of the Pacific Northwest, and the Northwest Plateau (also commonly known as "the Interior" in British Columbia and the Inland Northwest in the United States) is the inland region. The term "Pacific Northwest" should not be confused with the Northwest Territory (also known as the Great Northwest, a historical term in the United States) or the Northwest Territories of Canada. The Region is sometimes referred to as Cascadia, which, depending on the borders, may or may not be the same thing as the Pacific Northwest.

The region's largest metropolitan areas are Greater Seattle, Washington, with 4 million people; Metro Vancouver, British Columbia, with 2.7 million people; and Greater Portland, Oregon, with 2.7 million people.

The culture of the Pacific Northwest is influenced by the Canada–United States border, which the United States and the United Kingdom established at a time when the region's inhabitants were composed mostly of indigenous peoples. Two sections of the border—one along the 49th parallel south of British Columbia and one between the Alaska Panhandle and northern British Columbia—have left a great impact on the region. According to Canadian historian Ken Coates, the border has not merely influenced the Pacific Northwest—rather, "the region's history and character have been determined by the boundary". (Full article...)

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Mount St. Helens (known as Lawetlat'la to the Indigenous Cowlitz people, and Loowit or Louwala-Clough to the Klickitat) is an active stratovolcano located in Skamania County, Washington in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It lies 52 miles (83 km) northeast of Portland, Oregon and 98 miles (158 km) south of Seattle. Mount St. Helens takes its English name from the British diplomat Lord St Helens, a friend of explorer George Vancouver who surveyed the area in the late 18th century. The volcano is part of the Cascade Volcanic Arc, a segment of the Pacific Ring of Fire.

Mount St. Helens is best known for its major eruption on May 18, 1980, the deadliest and most economically destructive volcanic event in U.S. history. Fifty-seven people were killed; 200 homes, 47 bridges, 15 miles (24 km) of railways, and 185 miles (298 km) of highway were destroyed. A massive debris avalanche, triggered by a magnitude 5.1 earthquake, caused a lateral eruption that reduced the elevation of the mountain's summit from 9,677 ft (2,950 m) to 8,363 ft (2,549 m), leaving a 1 mile (1.6 km) wide, horseshoe-shaped crater. The debris avalanche was 0.6 cubic miles (2.5 km3) in volume. The 1980 eruption disrupted terrestrial ecosystems near the volcano. By contrast, aquatic ecosystems in the area greatly benefited from the amounts of ash, allowing life to multiply rapidly. By six years after the eruption, most lakes in the area returned to their normal state. (Full article...)
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Crosby in 1951
Crosby in 1951

Harry Lillis Crosby Jr. (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977), known professionally as Bing Crosby, was an American singer and actor. The first multimedia star, he was one of the most popular and influential musical artists of the 20th century worldwide. He was a leader in record sales, radio ratings, and motion picture grosses from 1926 to 1977. He made over 70 feature films and recorded more than 1,600 songs.

His early career coincided with recording innovations that allowed him to develop an intimate singing style that influenced many male singers who followed, such as Perry Como, Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Dick Haymes, Elvis Presley, and John Lennon. (Full article...)

Largest cities of the Pacific Northwest

City State/Province Population Metropolitan Area Urban Area
Seattle Washington 704,000[1] 3,905,026[2] 3,059,393[3]
Portland Oregon 658,347[2] 2,753,168[2] 1,849,898[3]
Vancouver British Columbia 631,486[4] 2,737,698[5] 2,264,823[6]
Surrey British Columbia 598,530[4] [n 1] [n 1]
Burnaby British Columbia 257,926[4] [n 1] [n 1]
Boise Idaho 226,570[7] 691,423[2] 349,684[3]
Spokane Washington 222,081[1] 573,493 [8][9] 486,225[3]
Richmond British Columbia 216,046[4] [n 1] [n 1]
Tacoma Washington 198,397[1] [n 2] [n 2]
Vancouver Washington 175,673[1] [n 3] [n 3]

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Indigenous peoples

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  1. ^ a b c d e f Part of Greater Vancouver.
  2. ^ a b Part of Seattle metropolitan area (Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA MSA).
  3. ^ a b Part of Portland metropolitan area (Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA MSA).
  1. ^ a b c d "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Washington's 2010 Census Population Totals". United States Census Bureau. February 23, 2011. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 – United States – Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". 2010 United States Census. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. April 14, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2011.[dead link]
  3. ^ a b c d "A national 2010 urban area file containing a list of all urbanized areas and urban clusters (including Puerto Rico and the Island Areas) sorted by UACE code".
  4. ^ a b c d Services, Ministry of Citizens'. "Population Estimates - Province of British Columbia". Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  5. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2021-01-14). "Population estimates, July 1, by census metropolitan area and census agglomeration, 2016 boundaries". Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  6. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics (February 8, 2017). "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census".
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  8. ^ "Washington population by county – Census 2010: Washington". The Spokesman-Review. Archived from the original on August 14, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  9. ^ Bureau, US Census. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates Tables". Retrieved 2019-06-13.