The Pacific Northwest Portal

Scattered patches of subalpine fir grow below glaciers and permanent snowfields on the south slope of Mount Rainier in the Cascades ecoregion
Scattered patches of subalpine fir grow below glaciers and permanent snowfields on the south slope of Mount Rainier in the Cascades ecoregion

The Pacific Northwest (sometimes Cascadia, or simply abbreviated as PNW) is a geographic region in western North America bounded by its coastal waters of the Pacific Ocean to the west and, loosely, by the Rocky Mountains to the east. Though no official boundary exists, the most common conception includes the U.S. states of Oregon, Washington, and Idaho, and the Canadian province of British Columbia. Some broader conceptions reach north into Alaska and Yukon, south into northern California, and east into western Montana. Other conceptions may be limited to the coastal areas west of the Cascade and Coast mountains. The variety of definitions can be attributed to partially overlapping commonalities of the region's history, culture, geography, society, ecosystems, and other factors.

The Northwest Coast is the coastal region of the Pacific Northwest, and the Northwest Plateau (also commonly known as "the Interior" in British Columbia and the Inland Northwest in the United States) is the inland region. The term "Pacific Northwest" should not be confused with the Northwest Territory (also known as the Great Northwest, a historical term in the United States) or the Northwest Territories of Canada. The region is sometimes referred to as Cascadia, which, depending on the borders, may or may not be the same thing as the Pacific Northwest.

The region's largest metropolitan areas are Greater Seattle, Washington, with 4 million people; Metro Vancouver, British Columbia, with 2.64 million people; and Greater Portland, Oregon, with 2.5 million people.

The culture of the Pacific Northwest is influenced by the Canada–United States border, which the United States and the United Kingdom established at a time when the region's inhabitants were composed mostly of indigenous peoples. Two sections of the border—one along the 49th parallel south of British Columbia and one between the Alaska Panhandle and northern British Columbia—have left a great impact on the region. According to Canadian historian Ken Coates, the border has not merely influenced the Pacific Northwest—rather, "the region's history and character have been determined by the boundary". (Full article...)

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Puget Sound by Sentinel-2, 2018-09-28 (small version).jpg
Satellite View of Puget Sound and surrounding waterways, taken by Sentinel-2 in 2018

Puget Sound (/ˈpjuːɪt/ PEW-jit) is a sound of the Pacific Northwest, an inlet of the Pacific Ocean, and part of the Salish Sea. It is located along the northwestern coast of the U.S. state of Washington. It is a complex estuarine system of interconnected marine waterways and basins, with one major and two minor connections to the open Pacific Ocean via the Strait of Juan de FucaAdmiralty Inlet being the major connection and Deception Pass and Swinomish Channel being the minor.

Water flow through Deception Pass is approximately equal to 2% of the total tidal exchange between Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Puget Sound extends approximately 100 miles (160 km) from Deception Pass in the north to Olympia in the south. Its average depth is 450 feet (140 m) and its maximum depth, off Jefferson Point between Indianola and Kingston, is 930 feet (280 m). The depth of the main basin, between the southern tip of Whidbey Island and Tacoma, is approximately 600 feet (180 m). (Full article...)
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Barbara Roberts (8100211362).jpg
Barbara Kay Roberts (née Hughey; born December 21, 1936) is an American politician from the state of Oregon. A native of the state, she served as the 34th Governor of Oregon from 1991 to 1995. She was the first woman to serve as Oregon governor, and the only woman elected to that office until 2016. A Democrat, Roberts was also the first woman to serve as majority leader in the Oregon House of Representatives. She also won two terms as Oregon Secretary of State, and served in local and county government in Portland. Roberts was married to Oregon state Sen. Frank L. Roberts from 1974 until his death in 1993. From February 2011 until January 2013, she served on the council of Metro, the regional government in the Portland metropolitan area. (Full article...)

Largest cities of the Pacific Northwest

City State/Province Population Metropolitan Area Urban Area
Seattle Washington 704,000[1] 3,905,026[2] 3,059,393[3]
Portland Oregon 658,347[2] 2,753,168[2] 1,849,898[3]
Vancouver British Columbia 631,486[4] 2,737,698[5] 2,264,823[6]
Surrey British Columbia 598,530[4] [n 1] [n 1]
Burnaby British Columbia 257,926[4] [n 1] [n 1]
Boise Idaho 226,570[7] 691,423[2] 349,684[3]
Spokane Washington 222,081[1] 573,493 [8][9] 486,225[3]
Richmond British Columbia 216,046[4] [n 1] [n 1]
Tacoma Washington 198,397[1] [n 2] [n 2]
Vancouver Washington 175,673[1] [n 3] [n 3]

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The following are images from various Pacific Northwest-related articles on Wikipedia.

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Indigenous peoples

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Sources

  1. ^ a b c d e f Part of Greater Vancouver.
  2. ^ a b Part of Seattle metropolitan area (Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA MSA).
  3. ^ a b Part of Portland metropolitan area (Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA MSA).
  1. ^ a b c d "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Washington's 2010 Census Population Totals". United States Census Bureau. February 23, 2011. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 – United States – Metropolitan Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico". 2010 United States Census. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. April 14, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2011.[dead link]
  3. ^ a b c d "A national 2010 urban area file containing a list of all urbanized areas and urban clusters (including Puerto Rico and the Island Areas) sorted by UACE code".
  4. ^ a b c d Services, Ministry of Citizens'. "Population Estimates - Province of British Columbia". www2.gov.bc.ca. Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  5. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2021-01-14). "Population estimates, July 1, by census metropolitan area and census agglomeration, 2016 boundaries". www150.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2021-04-17.
  6. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics (February 8, 2017). "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census". www12.statcan.gc.ca.
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  8. ^ "Washington population by county – Census 2010: Washington". The Spokesman-Review. Archived from the original on August 14, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  9. ^ Bureau, US Census. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates Tables". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2019-06-13.
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