Portuguese Church
Church of Our Lady of Salvation, Dadar
Igreja da Nossa Senhora da Salvação, Salvação
Portuguese Church
19°1′6″N 72°50′11″E / 19.01833°N 72.83639°E / 19.01833; 72.83639Coordinates: 19°1′6″N 72°50′11″E / 19.01833°N 72.83639°E / 19.01833; 72.83639
LocationDadar, Mumbai
CountryIndia
DenominationRoman Catholic
Websitehttp://salvationchurch.in/
History
StatusParish Church
Founded1596
Architecture
Functional statusActive
Architect(s)Charles Correa
Groundbreaking2 February 1973
Administration
ArchdioceseArchdiocese of Bombay
Clergy
ArchbishopOswald Cardinal Gracias
Priest in chargeFr. Calistus Fernandes
Assistant priest(s)Fr. Glasten Gonsalves

Fr. Joel Fernandes Fr. Leslie Almeida

Fr. John Rumao
Laity
Music group(s)St Joseph's Choral Society

The Church of Our Lady of Salvation, popularly referred to as Portuguese Church, is one of the oldest churches in Mumbai (formerly Bombay), India. It is located on S. K. Bole Road in Dadar.[1] The church was originally built by the Portuguese Franciscans who called it Nossa Senhora da Salvação.[2] The present structure, designed by famous Indian architect Charles Correa,[3] was constructed between 1974 and 1977.

History

The church of Our Lady of Salvation is believed by historians to be the city's oldest church, having existed as early as 1512.[4] It was built by the Portuguese Franciscan Missionaries. It was later rebuilt as a larger church in 1651.[5]

In 1974, Charles Correa, was commissioned to design the new building. Correa's design consisted of a series of interlinked spaces, some covered and others open to the sky, functionally differentiated in an analogue of Christ's life.[6][5] The old church's steeples, the choir loft, the ascending roof and ornate facade were replaced by conical domes connecting the sanctuary (altar), the nave (central aisle), the baptistery (baptismal font), and the oratory (shrine). The structure featured an exposed concrete exterior, minus the plastering. Correa also invited noted Indian artist M F Husain and Anjolie Ela Menon to contribute to church. M F Husain executed a painting on glass for the central roof. Husain divided the glass into several segments for a stained-glass effect and painted the Biblical story of the five loaves and two fish, and the death and resurrection of Christ.[7] Anjolie Ela Menon got a painting done depicting Christ on the Cross for a side chapel of the church devoted to prayer. It depicts Mother Mary and St. John on the either side of the crucified Christ. She also painted Eve and Adam on both side of Chapel Altar.[8] The Church building houses a medical centre, a fitness centre, an Alcoholics Anonymous facility and a separate help group for the spouses of alcoholics.[7]

References

  1. ^ "Rao Bahadur S K Bole Road: A social reformer, Bole fought for mill workers". The Indian Express. 6 September 2018. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  2. ^ Greater Bombay District Gazetteer (Portuguese Period)
  3. ^ "Perfumed Jasmine In The Nave". Outlook. 19 August 2019. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  4. ^ "Mumbaiwale: Cross them off your list". Hindustan Times. 5 May 2018. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Church with 'futuristic' architecture dates back to the Portuguese era". The Indian Express. 10 July 2016. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  6. ^ "Salvacao Church, Dadar". Charles Correa Associates. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  7. ^ a b "Let There Be Light: When Charles Correa renovated a 16th century baroque church in Mumbai". Outlook. 14 October 2018. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  8. ^ Gudrun Lowner & Anand Amladass, Christian Themes in Indian Art: From the Mogul Times Till Today, Manohar Publications, 2010, p. 172 see, https://books.google.co.in/books/about/Christian_Themes_in_Indian_Art.html?id=RI_HtwAACAAJ&redir_esc=y