This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Portuguese language in Asia" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (June 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

The Portuguese language is spoken in Asia by small communities either in regions which formerly served as colonies to Portugal, notably Macau and East Timor where the language is official albeit not widely spoken, Lusophone immigrants, notably the Brazilians in Japan or by some Afro-Asians and Luso-Asians. In Larantuka, Indonesia and Daman and Diu, India, Portuguese has a religious connotation, according to Damanese Portuguese-Indian Association, there are 10 – 12,000 Portuguese speakers in the territory.[1]

Geographic distribution

Bilingual sign in Macau
Portuguese and Chinese, seen on this street sign, are official languages in Macau
Multilingual sign in Japanese, Portuguese, and English in Oizumi, Japan. Return immigration of Japanese Brazilians has led to a large Portuguese-speaking community in the town.[2]


Various regions in Asia have expressed interest in participating in the Community of Portuguese-speaking Countries (the CPLP). The Malaysian state of Malacca, Macau, and the Indian state of Goa have all applied for observer or associate member status and are awaiting the permission of the Malaysian, Chinese, and Indian governments, respectively. East Timor joined the CPLP shortly after its independence at the turn of the 21st century. Indonesia, South Korea and Taiwan has also expressed interest in joining the CPLP.

Instituto Camões

The Instituto Camões maintains language centres in Macau, Goa, Busan Tokyo and Dili.

Local norms and phonology

In Asia, Standard European Portuguese (português-padrão) forms the basis for the written and spoken norm, exclusively to East Timor and Macau.[9][10][11]

See also


  1. ^ "About the Archdiocese – Goa DCSCM".
  2. ^ Carvalho, Daniela de (1 February 2013). Migrants and Identity in Japan and Brazil: The Nikkeijin. ISBN 978-1-135-78765-3.
  3. ^ "CPLP: Galiza com estatuto de observador associado só com "sim" de Madrid – Notícias Lusa – Sapo Notícias". Archived from the original on February 21, 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-29.
  4. ^ "1.500 pessoas estudam português em Goa". 2 June 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  5. ^ China Sees Advantages in Macao's Portuguese Past, New York Times, October 21, 2004
  6. ^ Leach, Michael (2007), "talking Portuguese; China and East Timor", Arena Magazine, retrieved 2011-05-18
  7. ^ A New Country’s Tough Non-Elective: Portuguese 101, Seth Mydans, New York Times, July 31, 2007
  8. ^ 令和5年6月末現在における在留外国人数について
  9. ^ "The Portuguese in Southeast Asia". 25 January 2012.
  10. ^ "Promising future for Portuguese language in China | Macao Magazine". Archived from the original on 2019-07-02. Retrieved 2019-07-02.
  11. ^ In Macau, the official spelling of the Portuguese language is fixed by Decree-Law No. 103/99/M