A post is a main vertical or leaning support in a structure similar to a column or pillar, the term post generally refers to a timber but may be metal or stone.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7] A stud in wooden or metal building construction is similar but lighter duty than a post and a strut may be similar to a stud or act as a brace. In the U.K. a strut may be very similar to a post but not carry a beam.[8] In wood construction posts normally land on a sill, but in rare types of buildings the post may continue through to the foundation called an interrupted sill or into the ground called earthfast, post in ground, or posthole construction. A post is also a fundamental element in a fence. The terms "jack" and "cripple" are used with shortened studs and rafters but not posts, except in the specialized vocabulary of shoring.

Timber framing

Timber framing is a general term for building with wooden posts and beams. The term post is the namesake of other general names for timber framing such as post-and-beam, post-and-girt construction and more specific types of timber framing such as Post and lintel, post-frame, post in ground, and ridge-post construction. In roof construction such as king post, queen post, and crown post framing. A round post is often called a pole or mast depending on its diameter thus pole building framing, or a mast church.

Post and strut names in traditional timber framing

Post and strut names in roof framing


See also


  1. ^ Boucher p.351
  2. ^ Oxford English Dictionary "A stout piece of timber, or other solid material,..."
  3. ^ Merriam-Webster "A piece (as of timber or metal)..."
  4. ^ Sturgis "...whether of timber, metal, or stone;..." p. 195
  5. ^ Gwilt p.1243 ""An upright piece of timber set in the earth. Any piece of timber whose office is to support or sustain..."
  6. ^ Russell p. 212-213
  7. ^ "...every bressummer shall have such other storey posts, iron columns, stanchions, or piers of brick or stone, or corbels, as may be sufficient to carry the superstructure." The London building acts 1894 to 1905 p. 71.
  8. ^ Harris
  9. ^ Boucher p. 357
  10. ^ Alcock p. G1
  11. ^ Alcock p. G1
  12. ^ Alcock p. F15
  13. ^ Sturgis p. 195
  14. ^ Alcock p. F3
  15. ^ Alcock p. G20
  16. ^ Alcock F33
  17. ^ Oxford English Dictionary
  18. ^ Alcock F33
  19. ^ Oxford English Dictionary
  20. ^ Harris
  21. ^ Alcock p. G13
  22. ^ Sturgis p. 195-196
  23. ^ Alcock p. G14
  24. ^ "Timber Framing for Beginners: VI. Glossary of Terms" Timber Framing Vol. 68 June 2003. 12. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-12-07. Retrieved 2012-12-10.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  25. ^ Alcock p. G18
  26. ^ Alcock p. G5
  27. ^ Alcock p. G5
  28. ^ Alcock p. G1
  29. ^ Alcock p. G8