potassium hydrogencarbonate, potassium acid carbonate
3D model (JSmol)
|E number||E501(ii) (acidity regulators, ...)|
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||100.115 g/mol|
|Melting point||292 °C (558 °F; 565 K) (decomposes)|
|22.4 g/100 mL (20 °C)|
|Solubility||practically insoluble in alcohol|
6.351 (carbonic acid)
Std enthalpy of
|H315, H319, H335|
|P261, P264, P280, P302+P352, P304+P340, P305+P351+P338, P312, P332+P313, P362, P403+P233, P405|
|NFPA 704 (fire diamond)|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LD50 (median dose)
|> 2000 mg/kg (rat, oral)|
|Safety data sheet (SDS)||MSDS|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
(what is ?)
Potassium bicarbonate (IUPAC name: potassium hydrogencarbonate, also known as potassium acid carbonate) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula KHCO3. It is a white solid.
It is manufactured by treating an aqueous solution of potassium carbonate with carbon dioxide:
Decomposition of the bicarbonate occurs between 100 and 120 °C (212 and 248 °F):
This reaction is employed to prepare high purity potassium carbonate.
This compound is a source of carbon dioxide for leavening in baking. It can substitute for baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) for those with a low-sodium diet, and it is an ingredient in low-sodium baking powders.
As an inexpensive, nontoxic base, it is widely used in diverse application to regulate pH or as a reagent. Examples include as buffering agent in medications, an additive in winemaking.
Potassium bicarbonate is often found added to club soda to improve taste, and to soften the effect of effervescence.
Higher potassium intake may prevent development of kidney stone disease. Higher potassium intake is associated with a reduced risk of stroke.
Potassium bicarbonate is used as a fire suppression agent ("BC dry chemical") in some dry chemical fire extinguishers, as the principal component of the Purple-K dry chemical, and in some applications of condensed aerosol fire suppression. It is the only dry chemical fire suppression agent recognized by the U.S. National Fire Protection Association for firefighting at airport crash rescue sites. It is about twice as effective in fire suppression as sodium bicarbonate.
Potassium bicarbonate has widespread use in crops, especially for neutralizing acidic soil.
Potassium bicarbonate is an effective fungicide against powdery mildew and apple scab, allowed for use in organic farming. Potassium bicarbonate is a contact killer for Spanish moss when mixed 1/4 cup per gallon.
The word saleratus, from Latin sal æratus meaning "aerated salt", first used in the nineteenth century, refers to both potassium bicarbonate and sodium bicarbonate.
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