Prambanan Express
Yogyakarta - KRL Commuter Kutoarjo Line Icon.png
KA Prameks YK 2020.jpg
Prambanan Express DEMU, made by INKA, Indonesia.
Overview
Service typeCommuter rail
StatusOperating
Locale6th Operational Area of Yogyakarta
PredecessorKuda Putih (1963-1980)
First service20 May 1994
SuccessorKRL Commuterline Yogyakarta–Solo (Yogyakarta–Solo Balapan segment)
Current operator(s)Kereta Commuter Indonesia
Ridership3,940,671 (annual, 2018)[1]
Route
TerminiYogyakarta
Kutoarjo
Stops5
Distance travelled64 kilometres (40 mi)
Service frequency21
Train number(s)249-269
Technical
Rolling stockME201 (Ex BN-Holec)
MH102 (KRDI) and ME204 (shared rollingstock with YIA airport rail service)
carrying Locomotive (only emergency)
Track gauge1,067 mm
Operating speed60 - 100 km/hours

Prambanan Express (Indonesian: Prambanan Ekspres), commonly abbreviated as Pramex (in English) and Prameks (in Indonesian) is a commuter rail service that operates between Yogyakarta, Special Region of Yogyakarta and Kutoarjo, Purworejo Regency, Central Java in Indonesia. The service, which first operated in 1994, covers a distance of about 64 kilometers and operates using diesel multiple unit trains. It was previously serving Yogyakarta-Solo for over 26 years before it was electrified in 2021.

The train was once operated by 6th Operational Area of Yogyakarta of the national railway company, Kereta Api Indonesia (KAI). As part of transition to electrified commuter railway service, KAI's subsidiary KAI Commuter took over the operations of Prameks on 5 October 2020.[2]

History

Kuda Putih, one of the ancestors of DMU-based commuter rail services in Indonesia.
Kuda Putih, one of the ancestors of DMU-based commuter rail services in Indonesia.

The predecessor of Prameks was known as Kuda Putih (the White Horse train in English), as there was two horses decoration above of the driver's window. The train had been operating from 1963 to 1980. It was one of the first diesel multiple unit (DMU) ever operated in Indonesia. Because of lacks of spare parts, the service was terminated in 1980s.[3][4]

Due to the increasing demand from commuters, the rail service was relaunched as Prameks train on 20 May 1994, connects Solo and Yogyakarta.[5] The train consists of four business class passenger cars hauled by a diesel locomotive. In response to the intense enthusiasm for the service, the executive class cars were added. The train was replaced by diesel multiple units manufactured by Nippon Sharyo, Japan.[when?] In 2006, the diesel-electric multiple units (DMUs) made by PT Inka Madiun was introduced to support Prameks. Citing the higher enthusiasm of passengers using this train, in 2007 Prameks began opening the Yogyakarta-Kutoarjo-Solo (and vice versa) route.[6] The route is served by three sets of diesel-electric multiple units (DMUs) and five sets of diesel multiple units (DMUs).

While Prambanan Express still serving Yogyakarta, Kutoarjo, and Solo, the train is a mainstay of public transport for the community in these three cities.[7] It was popular among daily commuters as well as tourists who visit this area known as center for Javanese culture and heritage.[8] It was served over 20 trips from Solo to Yogyakarta (and vice versa) at total.[citation needed]

Starting October 2020, the operations of Prambanan Express, previously managed by KAI, were transferred to KAI Commuter after obtaining the operation permit from Ministry of Transportation on 3 June 2020.[9][10] As the Surakarta–Yogyakarta railway line is electrified, Prambanan Express operations is replaced by the KRL Commuterline Yogyakarta–Solo starting from 10 February 2021.[11] As a consequence, Prameks route is shortened from previously Solo Balapan-Kutoarjo into Yogyakarta-Kutoarjo vice-versa.[12][13][14]

Route and fare

Currently the train served by stations across Yogyakarta and Kutoarjo. The train stops at Yogyakarta, Wates, Wojo, Jenar, and Kutoarjo. As of 2021, the fare is Rp8,000 for a single trip for a person

Stations

Station Distance (km) Transfers/Notes Location
From previous

station

From Yogyakarta

Termini

Yogyakarta - 0.0 Terminal station

Kereta Api Indonesia Intercity trains

Yogyakarta - KRL Commuter Solo Line Icon.png
KRL Commuterline Yogyakarta–Solo

 YA  Yogyakarta International Airport Rail Link

Bus rapid transit Trans Jogja:
Line 1A, Line 2A, Teman Bus Godean Line (Mangkubumi 2)
Line 1A, Line 2A, Line 3A, Line 8, Line 10 (Malioboro 1)

Yogyakarta Special Region of Yogyakarta
Patukan Pass-through station Sleman Regency
Rewulu Pass-through station Bantul Regency
Sedayu Ghost station
Sentolo Pass-through station Kulon Progo Regency
Kalimenur Ghost station
Wates Kereta Api Indonesia Intercity trains

 YA  Yogyakarta International Airport Rail Link

Kedundang Pass-through station, under reconstruction

 YA  Yogyakarta International Airport Rail Link (planned)

Wojo  YA  Yogyakarta International Airport Rail Link

Bus interchange Airport interchange Perum DAMRI shuttle bus to Yogyakarta International Airport

Purworejo Regency Central Java
Jenar
Montelan Ghost station
Kutoarjo Terminal station

Kereta Api Indonesia Intercity trains

 YA  Yogyakarta International Airport Rail Link

Rolling stock

Current

Class Internal name Image Cars per set Builder Remark
KRDE Prameks ME201 5 Indonesia INKA (2005-2007) Rebuilt from BN/HOLEC Electric Multiple Unit
Shared rollingstock with Adisoemarmo & Yogyakarta Airport Rail Link one lost in an accident in 2012
KRDE Sriwedari ME201
KA Prameks YK 2020.jpg
5 Indonesia INKA (2011) Rebuilt from BN/HOLEC Electric Multiple Unit (inherited from Sriwedari commuter train)

Some sets slated for transfer to Bandung HSR Feeder train

KRDE ME204 ME204
Solo Ekspres 2018.jpg
4 Indonesia INKA (2018) Shared rollingstock with Adisoemarmo & Yogyakarta Airport Rail Link
KRDI MH102
Madiun Jaya Ekspress.jpg
4 Indonesia INKA (2008-2014) Shared rollingstock with Adisoemarmo & Yogyakarta Airport Rail Link,
formerly shared with Madiun Jaya

Former

Incidents and accidents

See also

References

  1. ^ "Penumpang KA Prameks Tiap Tahun Meningkat Hampir 8 Persen". Tribun Jogja (in Indonesian). 31 January 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Kereta Prameks Mulai Dikelola KAI Commuter". Republika. 5 October 2020. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ Unit Pusat Pelestarian dan Desain Arsitektur: KRD MCDW 300
  4. ^ Arsip diskusi mengenai siapa pembuat KRD Kuda Putih yang sesungguhnya
  5. ^ Kompas.com: Wisata Sejarah Yogya-Solo dengan Prameks
  6. ^ "Prameks, Dulu dan Kini..." Kompas. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
  7. ^ Tribun Jogja: KA Prameks Resmi Dialihkan ke Stasiun Prembun, Ini Jadwalnya
  8. ^ "On Java, a Creative Explosion in an Ancient City". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  9. ^ Desfika, Thresa Sandra (2020). "KCI Dapatkan Izin Operasi KA Lokal Merak dan Prameks". BeritaSatu (in Indonesian). Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  10. ^ Puspa, Anitana Widya (2020). "Oktober, KCI Jalankan KA Prameks Solo-Yogyakarta". Bisnis.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  11. ^ Sunaryo, Arie. "Beroperasi 10 Februari, Harga Tiket KRL Solo-Jogja Rp8000". Merdeka.com. Retrieved 5 February 2021.
  12. ^ "KRL Solo-Jogja Ditarget Beroperasi 2020, Tiru 5 Layanan Commuter Line?". Solopos.com (in Indonesian). 2020-05-09. Retrieved 2020-05-24.
  13. ^ "KRL Yogya-Solo Ditarget Jadi Pengganti KA Prameks | Ekonomi". Gatra. Retrieved 2020-05-24.
  14. ^ "KAI Bakal Ganti Prambanan Ekspress dengan KRL". Okezone. Retrieved 2020-05-24.
  15. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber (2012-10-23). "Kereta Prameks Terguling di Kalasan". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-05-25.