Screenshot of an iOS 15 home screen, displaying various built-in apps.
Screenshot of an iOS 15 home screen, displaying various built-in apps.

Pre-installed iOS apps, referred to in the App Store as 'Built-In Apps', are a suite of mobile applications developed by Apple Inc. which are bundled with iOS and installed by default or through a system update. Many of the default apps found on iOS have counterparts on Apple's other operating systems macOS, iPadOS, watchOS, and tvOS, which are often modified versions of or similar to the iOS application. As each app is integrated into the operating system itself, they often feature greater support for system features than third-party alternatives and are quick to adapt new features of iOS.

Since iOS 10, most pre-installed apps have been removable.[1] With iOS 14 or later, as well as iPadOS 15 or later, users can hide pre-installed apps in the newly introduced App Library, as well as change their default web browser and email client to a third-party alternative.

Applications

App Store

Main article: App Store (iOS/iPadOS)

The App Store is a digital distribution platform which allows users to browse and download apps developed with Apple's iOS Software Development Kit. The App Store opened on July 10, 2008, with an initial 500 applications available. The number of apps peaked at around 2.2 million in 2017, but declined slightly over the next few years as Apple began a process to remove old apps or 32-bit apps that do not function as intended or that don't follow current app guidelines.[2] As of 2020, the store features around 1.8 million apps. On September 19, 2019, Apple Arcade, a gaming subscription service that provides unlimited access to a catalogue of games for a monthly fee, was released through a dedicated tab on the App Store.[3]

Books

Main article: Apple Books

Books, formerly iBooks, is an e-book reading and store application released in mid-2010, as part of the iOS 4 update.[4] Initially, iBooks was not pre-loaded onto iOS devices, but users could install it free of charge from the App Store. With the release of iOS 8, it became an integrated app. It primarily receives EPUB content from the Apple Books store, but users can also add their own EPUB and Portable Document Format (PDF) files via data synchronization with iTunes. Additionally, the files can be downloaded to Apple Books through Safari or Apple Mail. It is also capable of displaying e-books that incorporate multimedia.[5] Books has also expanded to allow the purchase and listening of audiobooks through the app. Reading goals can be set which encourage users to read for an amount of time each day.[6]

Calculator

Main article: Calculator (Apple)

Calculator is a basic calculator app introduced with the initial launch of the iPhone and iPhone OS 1 in 2007.[7] The standard mode includes a number pad, buttons for adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing. A scientific calculator can be accessed by rotating the device landscape, which supports exponents and trigonometric functions.

Calendar

Main article: Calendar (Apple)

Calendar is a personal calendar app introduced with the initial launch of the iPhone and iPhone OS 1 in 2007.[7] It tracks events and appointments added by the user and includes various holidays depending on the location the phone is set to as well as birthdays from contacts.[8] Users are also able to subscribe to other calendars from friends or third-parties. Since iOS 5, Calendar supports online cloud backup of calendars using Apple's iCloud service, or synchronization with other calendar services, including Google Calendar and Microsoft Exchange Server.

Camera

Camera is a photo taking app introduced with the initial launch of the iPhone and iPhone OS 1 in 2007.[7] Photos can be taken with flash or with filters applied, as well as a timer option which will take a photo after three seconds have passed since hitting the capture button. The ability to record video footage was introduced in iPhone OS 3 and has since been updated so that videos can be filmed in time-lapse or slow motion. On the iPhone 7 Plus and above, photos can be taken in 'portrait mode', which creates a depth effect so that the subject is in focus while the background is blurred.[9] The camera is also capable of creating panoramic images.[10]

Clock

Main article: Clock (iOS)

Clock is a time management app introduced with the initial launch of the iPhone and iPhone OS 1 in 2007.[7] It allows users to view the current time in locations around the world, set alarms and timers, and use their phone as a stopwatch.[11] Alarms and timers will play a chime once completed, which the user can choose from their ringtone library. A bedtime feature was introduced in iOS 10, which acts as a special alarm in which the user sets a both a time they would like to go to bed and a time they would like to wake up. A notification is sent to the user before their set bedtime and the phone is automatically placed into Do Not Disturb mode until morning.[12]

Compass

Compass is a simple navigation app introduced with iPhone OS 3 on June 17, 2009. It displays the user's direction on a compass rose, as well as their current geographical coordinates, location, and altitude.[13]

Contacts

Main article: Contacts (Apple)

Contacts is an address book app that was first included as part of the Phone app with the launch of the iPhone in 2007 but was split off into a standalone application with the release of iPhone OS 2. Contacts can be synchronised over iCloud and other online address book services and allows for the storage of names, phone numbers, email addresses, home addresses, job titles, birthdays, and social media usernames.

FaceTime

Main article: FaceTime

FaceTime is a videotelephony app available on supported iOS devices running iOS 4 and later which allows for video calls between participants using the front-facing camera of their device. FaceTime Audio, an audio-only version, is available on any iOS device that supports iOS 7 or newer.[14] In 2018, Apple added group video and audio support to FaceTime which can support up to 32 people alongside the release of iOS 12.[15] With iOS 15, users are able to share and watch music and video content together over FaceTime with SharePlay.[16]

Files

Main article: Files (Apple)

Files is a file management app for devices that run iOS 11 and later. Files allows users to browse local files stored within apps, as well as files stored in cloud storage services, including iCloud, Dropbox, Google Drive, and OneDrive.[17] It allows for the saving, opening and organization of files, including placement into structured folders and sub-folders. Further organization can be done through the use of color-coded or custom-named tags, and a persistent search bar allows for finding files inside folders, though not inside other apps. A list view enables different sorting options. The app offers the exclusive playback of high-quality FLAC audio files,[18] and also offers support for viewing text files, images, and Zip archives,[19] as well as limited support for video.

Find My

Main articles: Find My and Find My iPhone

Find My is an app and service that enables users to track the locations of iOS, iPadOS, macOS, watchOS devices, as well as AirPods. The app was first released with iOS 13 on September 19, 2019, and combines together both the Find My iPhone and Find My Friends apps.[20] Missing devices can be made to play a sound at maximum volume, flagged as lost and locked with a passcode, or remotely erased. Users are also able to share their GPS locations with friends and family who own Apple devices of their own and can set notifications for when a person arrives or leaves a destination.[21]

Fitness

Main article: Fitness (Apple)

Fitness, formerly Activity, is an exercise tracking companion app only available on iPhones running iOS 8.2 or above for users with a connected Apple Watch. The app displays a summary view of user's recorded workouts from the Apple Watch or supported third-party apps and exercise equipment.[22] Workouts in the fitness app show relevant metrics, such as heart rate, depending on the type of exercise and after a 180-day period, the app will also begin to show users their exercise trends averaged over the present and past rolling 90-day windows.[23] On December 14, 2020, Apple Fitness+, a guided workout video streaming service, was made available through the Fitness app.

Health

Main article: Health (Apple)

Health is a health informatics app announced on June 2, 2014 available on iPhones running iOS 8 or later. The app stores and tracks user's health data and clinical medical records, and can be connected to various hardware devices and third party apps.[24] It also offers a profile called "Medical ID" that provides easy access to important medical information for first responders. In 2018, "Health Records" were introduced, which allowed users on iOS 11.3 or later to import their medical records from their doctor or hospital.[25] As of 2020, the types of data stored by the Health app include steps, walking and running distance, flights climbed, heart rate, nutrition, sleep analysis, heart rate variability, cycle tracking, and weight.

Home

Main article: HomeKit

Home is a smart-home management app released on September 13, 2016, along with iOS 10 that lets users configure, communicate with, and control their HomeKit enabled smart appliances from a single application.[26] It supports automations using a home hub, and pre-programmed "Scenes", which can set multiple devices using a single command. Appliances can be divided into separate rooms and access to home controls can be shared with others. HomePod devices are also updated through the home app.

iTunes Store

Main article: iTunes Store

The iTunes Store is a digital media store operated by Apple Inc. that opened on April 28, 2003, as a result of Steve Jobs' push to open a digital marketplace for music. The iTunes Store was first made available on iOS devices with the release of iPhone OS 2, allowing the purchase of music and podcasts. iPhone OS 3 further added the ability to rent and purchase movies and tv shows from the iTunes Store. As of April 2020, iTunes offers 60 million songs, 2.2 million apps, 25,000 TV shows, and 65,000 films. When it opened, it was the only legal digital catalog of music to offer songs from all five major record labels.[27] As of June 2013, the iTunes Store possessed 575 million active user accounts, and served over 315 million mobile devices.

Mail

Main article: Apple Mail

Mail is an email client introduced with the initial launch of the iPhone and iPhone OS 1 in 2007.[7] It is preconfigured to work with popular email providers, such as Yahoo! Mail, AOL Mail, Gmail, Outlook and iCloud (formerly MobileMe) and supports Exchange.[28] Mail includes the ability to read and write emails, file emails into folders, search for emails, automatically append signatures to outgoing emails, and automatically unsubscribe from newsletters. Rich text formatting was introduced to Apple Mail with the release of iOS 5.[29]

Maps

Main article: Apple Maps

Maps is a web mapping service introduced with the initial launch of the iPhone and iPhone OS 1 in 2007.[7] It provides turn-by-turn directions and estimated times of arrival for automobile, pedestrian, cycling and public transportation navigation. Indoor maps for airports and large shopping malls was introduced to Maps with the release of iOS 11. Apple Maps also features Flyover mode, a feature that enables a user to explore certain densely populated urban centers and other places of interest in a 3D landscape composed of models of buildings and structures. Look Around, which allows the user to view 360° street-level imagery, was introduced and released alongside iOS 13.[30]

Initially, Maps used data from Google Maps until Apple released their own service on September 19, 2012.[31]

Measure

Demonstration of the Measure app on an iPhone 7.
Demonstration of the Measure app on an iPhone 7.

Measure is an augmented reality measurement app available on devices running iOS 12 and above. Using Apple's ARKit 2, it allows users to measure objects by pointing the device's camera at them.[32] It is capable of measuring in both metric and imperial units and moving the camera closer to an object will display a ruler view which divides measurements into centimetres or inches, respectively. The app also allows for an iPhone to be used as a level; a feature previously available in the Compass app.

Messages

Main articles: Messages (Apple) and iMessage

Messages is an instant messaging software application introduced with iPhone OS 3 on June 17, 2009, that replaced the older Text app.[33] The app supports both SMS, MMS, and iMessage with the bubble of messages sent via SMS appearing green and messages sent over iMessage appearing blue. iOS 10 introduced a number of upgrades to the iMessage platform, including message effects and a dedicated iMessage App Store which allows users to download sticker packs that can be sent in conversations.[34]

Music

Main article: Music (software)

Music is a media player application first introduced with iOS 5 on October 12, 2011, replacing the iPod app.[35] It can play music files stored locally on devices and allows users to curate their song library into playlists. Songs can be purchased directly from the iTunes Store or streamed through Apple Music if the user has an active subscription. Internet radio stations can also be found within the app, with both local and international broadcasters available.

News

Main articles: Apple News and Newsstand (Apple)

News is a news aggregator available for devices running iOS 9 or above. It is the successor to the Newsstand app included in previous versions of iOS. Users can read news articles with it, based on publishers, websites and topics they select, such as technology or politics.[36] On March 25, 2019, Apple News+ was made available within the News app, which is a subscription service allowing access to content from a number magazines and newspapers.[37] On July 15, 2020, Apple announced the addition of audio stories in Apple News+, which allows subscribers to listen to narrated versions of articles in a similar fashion to a podcast under a new Audio tab.[38]

Notes

Main article: Notes (Apple)

Notes is a notetaking app introduced with the initial launch of the iPhone and iPhone OS 1 in 2007.[7] It functions as a service for making text notes and sketches, which can be synchronised between devices using Apple's iCloud service. With the release of iOS 9, advanced text formatting options, several styles of lists, rich web and map link previews, support for more file type attachments, a corresponding dedicated attachment browser, and a system share extension point for saving web links, images, and more were added to the Notes app.[39] Since iOS 11, Notes has included a document scanner feature.

Phone

Phone is an app introduced with the initial launch of the iPhone and iPhone OS 1 in 2007.[7] One of the key features of the original iPhone, the app allows users to make and receive phone calls, view their call history, and access their voicemail. The device's address book can also be accessed from within the Phone app, even if the Contacts app is uninstalled.

Photos

Main article: Apple Photos

Photos is a photo management and editing application introduced with initial launch of the iPhone and iPhone OS 1 in 2007 and rebuilt from the ground up with iOS 8. Photos are organized by "moments", which are a combination of time and location metadata attached to the photo.[40] Photos can be synced and backed up through the iCloud Photo Library and shared albums. Photos contains a number of simple editing tools which allow users to crop, rotate, and adjust their photos, with a limited number of editing tools available for videos.

Podcasts

Main article: Podcasts (software)

Podcasts is a media player app used for playing podcasts from the iTunes Store available for users running iOS 6 or above, after previously being available through the Music app. Podcasts can be discovered and followed or subscribed to in the 'Browse' and 'Search' tabs, with the 'Listen Now’ tab showing new episodes of followed podcasts as they are made available. Podcast channels allow users to follow or subscribe to creators rather than individual shows.

Reminders

Main article: Reminders (Apple)

Reminders is a task management app first introduced with the release of iOS 5 and rebuilt from the ground up in iOS 13.[41] The app allows users to create their own lists of reminders and set notifications for themselves. New reminders can be placed into lists or set as subtasks[42] and can include several details including: a priority tag,[43] a note about the reminder, and an image or URL attachment. Additionally, alarms can be set for reminders, sending a notification to users at a certain time and date, when a geofence around an area is crossed, or when a message starts being typed to a set contact.[44] If a time-based alert is set, it can repeat every day, week, two weeks, month, or year. Lists can be synced through iCloud and shared with other contacts.

Safari

Main article: Safari (web browser)

Safari is a graphical web browser based on the WebKit engine bundied with iOS devices since the iPhone's introduction in 2007. Websites can be bookmarked, added to a reading list, or saved to the home screen and are synced between devices through iCloud. With iOS 13, Safari was updated with a download manager which allows users to save files from the web onto their phone's local storage.[45]

Settings

Settings is an app available since initial launch of the iPhone in 2007. Settings allows users to access information about their device and change the settings and options on their phone such as the device wallpaper, notifications, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth, display and brightness, Siri and more. User's Apple ID accounts are also managed from within the settings app. With the release of iOS 12, a screen time feature was introduced which is intended to help user's focus and combat smartphone addiction.[46] A search feature introduced with iOS 8 that allows users to easily find specific settings.

Shortcuts

Main article: Shortcuts (app)

Shortcuts, formerly Workflow, is a block-based visual scripting application. Workflow was acquired by Apple in 2017 and became a default app with the release of iOS 13.[47] The app allows users to create macros for executing specific tasks on their device. These task sequences can be created by the user and shared online through iCloud. A number of curated shortcuts can also be downloaded from the integrated Gallery.

Stocks

Stocks is a stock market tracking app introduced with the initial launch of the iPhone and iPhone OS 1 in 2007.[7] It allows users to check the Yahoo! Finance data for any company valued on the stock exchange, including the current value of a company and their increase or decrease percentage. A graph shows the trends of each company over time, with a green graph showing positive growth and a red graph showing a decline. Business News is provided at the bottom of the app, which shows articles about companies a user is following.

Tips

Tips is an application introduced with iOS 8 which provides tips and tricks for users to get the most out of their device. Tips are added alongside new iOS releases to show users what's new on their devices and sorted into categories such as "Essentials" and "Genius Picks".

Translate

Main article: Translate (Apple)

Translate is a translation app released on September 16, 2020, alongside iOS 14. It functions as a service for translating text sentences or speech between several languages. All translations are processed through the device's neural engine, and as such can be used offline.[48] Translation is currently supported between the UK (British) and US (American) dialects of English, Arabic, Mandarin Chinese, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Japanese, Korean, the Brazilian dialect of Portuguese and Russian.

TV

Main article: Apple TV (software)

TV, also known as Apple TV and formerly Videos, is a media player application used for viewing television shows and films purchased or rented through the iTunes Store. It can also stream content from the Apple TV Channels a la carte video on demand service, and the Apple TV+ original content subscription service.[49][50] The TV app can also index and access content from other linked video on demand services, allowing programs watched in other apps to appear in a user's Up Next feed.

Voice Memos

Voice Memos is a voice recording app introduced with the release of iPhone OS 3 designed for saving short snippets of audio for later playback. Saved voice memos can be shared as a .m4a file or can be edited, which allows parts of a recording to be replaced, background noise to be removed, or the length of a recording to be trimmed. Other playback options include the ability to change playback speed, skip silent parts of a memo, or enhance a recording.[51] Audio files can also be organised into different folders.

Wallet

Main article: Apple Wallet

Wallet, formerly Passbook, is a digital wallet app included with the iOS 6 and above that allows users to store Wallet-passes, meaning coupons, boarding passes, student ID cards, event tickets, movie tickets, public transportation tickets, store cards, and – starting with iOS 8.1credit cards, debit cards, prepaid cards, and loyalty cards via Apple Pay.[52][53] Apple Wallet is also the main interface with Apple Card, Apple's credit card service. Passes are synced between iOS devices using iCloud.

Watch

Main article: Apple Watch

Watch allows users to set-up and pair their Apple Watch devices to their iPhones, as well as customize settings, watch faces, and loaded apps. The discover tab highlights compatible apps from the App Store and shows users tips on how to get the most from their device.[54]

Weather

Main article: Weather (Apple)

Weather is a weather forecasting app introduced with the initial launch of the iPhone and iPhone OS 1 in 2007.[7] The app allows the user to see weather conditions throughout the day, as well as a seven-day forecast. Locations can be added by pressing the list icon and the plus icon which allows the user to type in the city's name, ZIP Code or postal code or airport code. Weather also displays related metrics, such as the time of sunrise and sunset, humidity, chance of rain, visibility distance, and a UV index. The app is also capable of notifying users of any severe weather warnings issued by official sources.

Discontinued

Game Center

Main article: Game Center

Game Center was a standalone app released alongside iOS 4.1, which was rolled into Settings with the release of iOS 10.[55] Players can connect with friends, send friend requests, start playing games and organize online multiplayer games. The number of friends that can be connected to a single Game Center account is limited to 500. Some games may feature achievements, where for completing a certain task, the player is rewarded points. Depending on the game, a leaderboard may be present where a player can compare his or her score with friends or the world.[56]

YouTube

YouTube was an app that was introduced with the release of the iPhone in iPhone OS 1 which allowed users to find, search, and watch YouTube videos. The built-in YouTube app was removed with the release of iOS 6 in favor of Google releasing their own app.[57]

References

  1. ^ "Get Organized: You Can Finally Delete Built-In iOS Apps, but Should You?". PCMAG. Retrieved 2021-01-13.
  2. ^ Costello, Sam. "Charting The Explosive Growth of the App Store". Lifewire. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  3. ^ Needleman, Sarah E. (2019-09-10). "Apple Wants Gamers to Hit 'Subscribe' With Apple Arcade". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  4. ^ "Apple - iPhone - iPhone OS 4 Preview". 2010-04-08. Archived from the original on 2010-04-08. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  5. ^ "WWDC 2010 Keynote". July 16, 2003. Archived from the original on September 25, 2011.
  6. ^ "Apple Books, all new for iPhone and iPad, celebrates reading". Apple Newsroom. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "iPhone OS 1: The Beginning of an Era". Low End Mac. 2017-01-14. Retrieved 2017-01-21.
  8. ^ "Apple Calendar Guide: Everything You Need to Know About iCal". Calendar. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  9. ^ Hartmans, Avery (2017-10-10). "Here's why Apple's 'Portrait Mode' feature only works on some iPhones and not others". Business Insider Australia. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  10. ^ "Apple's new iOS 6 Camera app makes Panorama capture easy". AppleInsider. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  11. ^ "Apple - iPhone - iPhone OS 4 Preview". 2010-04-08. Archived from the original on 2010-04-08. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  12. ^ "How to use Bedtime in the Clock app on iPhone and iPad". iMore. 2018-01-19. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  13. ^ "Use the compass on iPhone". Apple Support. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  14. ^ Guarino, Sarah (2013-09-28). "iOS 7 How-to: Make FaceTime Audio calls and check how much data they use". 9to5Mac. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  15. ^ "Apple's FaceTime offers group chats for up to 32 people". Engadget. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  16. ^ Keck, Catie (2021-06-11). "Apple is trying to dominate watch parties, but it needs more help". The Verge. Retrieved 2021-06-20.
  17. ^ Bohn, Dieter (2017-06-26). "iOS 11 will change how you'll use your iPad forever". The Verge. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  18. ^ "iOS 11 lets you play FLAC audio files straight from your iPad and iPhone". The Next Web. June 6, 2017. Retrieved July 2, 2017.
  19. ^ "How to open ZIP files on your iPhone, iPad, or iPod touch".
  20. ^ "Apple Releases iOS 13 With System-Wide Dark Mode, Privacy Updates, Revamped Photos App, Find My App, New Maps Features and More". MacRumors. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  21. ^ Cipriani, Jason. "Here's how Apple wants you to find your iPhone now". CNET. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  22. ^ "Apple Watch and activity tracking: Everything you need to know!". iMore. 2019-03-01. Retrieved 2020-12-14.
  23. ^ "The New Fitness App in iOS 14". Retrieved 2020-12-14.
  24. ^ "Apple Health guide: The powerful fitness app explained". Wareable. 2020-07-11. Retrieved 2020-08-22.
  25. ^ Capritto, Amanda (2019). "The complete guide to Apple's Health app". CNET. Retrieved 2020-08-22.
  26. ^ Rossignol, Joe. "Getting Started With HomeKit: A Beginner's Guide". www.macrumors.com. Retrieved 2019-12-26.
  27. ^ Andy Langer (2014-09-10). "Is Steve Jobs the God of Music?". Esquire. Retrieved 2021-01-13.
  28. ^ "Set up iCloud, Twitter, Facebook, and other Internet accounts". support.apple.com. Retrieved March 17, 2018.
  29. ^ "How to use the new Mail app in iOS 5". CNET.
  30. ^ "iOS 13 Preview - Features". Apple. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  31. ^ Oreskovic, Alex (2013-04-29). "Google Now comes to iPhone, challenging Siri". Reuters.
  32. ^ "Measure app: Everything you need to know". iMore. Retrieved 2018-06-08.
  33. ^ Ben Parr (June 16, 2009). "iPhone OS 3.0 Released: What You Should Know". Mashable. Retrieved February 12, 2013.
  34. ^ "iOS 10: The MacStories Review". Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  35. ^ "The 5 best features in Apple's iOS 5". PCWorld. 2011-06-09. Retrieved 2019-10-24.
  36. ^ "Apple unveils News app, with New York Times, ESPN and other big publishers on board - GeekWire". GeekWire. 8 June 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
  37. ^ Lee, Edmund (2019-04-02). "Media Companies Take a Big Gamble on Apple". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-04-28.
  38. ^ "Apple News launches new audio features, expands local news offerings for readers". Apple Newsroom. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  39. ^ "Inside iOS 9: Apple's Notes app is greatly enhanced with drawings, lists, pictures, links & more". AppleInsider. Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  40. ^ "How to use Memories in Photos on your iPhone, iPad or iPod touch". Apple Support. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  41. ^ "iOS 13 Hands-on: The New and Improved Reminders App". iPhone Hacks | #1 iPhone, iPad, iOS Blog. 2019-06-11. Retrieved 2020-12-14.
  42. ^ Potuck, Michael (2019-10-16). "How to make subtasks with Reminders on iPhone, iPad, Mac". 9to5Mac. Retrieved 2020-12-14.
  43. ^ "How to change priority for, move, and add notes to Reminders on iPhone or iPad | iMore". www.imore.com. Retrieved 2017-04-08.
  44. ^ "Use Reminders on your iPhone, iPad or iPod touch". Apple Support. Retrieved 2020-12-14.
  45. ^ "How to Access the Download Manager in Safari for iOS". MacRumors. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  46. ^ "Hands-On With iOS 12's New Screen Time Feature With App Usage Stats, App Limits and More". MacRumors. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  47. ^ "Apple bought the best utility app for the iPhone, Workflow". The Verge. Vox Media. 22 March 2017. Retrieved 25 March 2017.
  48. ^ "How to use Translate on your iPhone". Apple Support. Retrieved 2020-10-25.
  49. ^ Holloway, Daniel (March 25, 2019). "Apple Reveals New TV Streaming Service". Variety.com. Archived from the original on September 29, 2019. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
  50. ^ Hardawar, Devindra (March 25, 2019). "Apple TV Channels is an a la carte way to watch your favorite networks". Engadget. Archived from the original on March 25, 2019. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
  51. ^ "Voice Memos gains Enhanced Recording, Smart Folders in iOS 14 and macOS Big Sur". AppleInsider. Retrieved 2021-10-21.
  52. ^ "Wallet".
  53. ^ "Use Wallet on your iPhone or iPod touch - Apple Support". Apple Support. Apple Inc. October 6, 2018. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
  54. ^ "Review: The absolutely optional Apple Watch and Watch OS 1.0". Ars Technica. 3 May 2015. Retrieved July 15, 2015.
  55. ^ "iOS 10.0". developer.apple.com. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
  56. ^ "Game Center". Apple Inc. Archived from the original on December 23, 2010. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
  57. ^ Collins, Katie. "Google's official iPhone YouTube app vs iOS 5 YouTube app". CNET. Retrieved 2021-02-08.