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President of the
Republic of Guatemala
Presidente de la República de Guatemala
Coat of arms of Guatemala.svg
Guatemala Presidental Flag.svg
Alejandro Giammattei (48934164796) (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Alejandro Giammattei

since 14 January 2020
Office of the President of Guatemala
National Security Council
StyleMr. President
(informal)
Most Excellent Mr. President of the Republic
(official)
StatusHead of State
Head of Government
Member ofCabinet
ResidenceNational Palace
SeatGuatemala City
AppointerSupreme Electoral Court
Term lengthFour years
non-renewable
Constituting instrumentGuatemalan Constitution
Inaugural holderMariano Rivera Paz
Formation3 December 1839
DeputyVice President of Guatemala
Salary146,950 GTQ monthly
($19,742 as of May 2018)[1]
Websitehttp://www.presidencia.gob.gt/

The president of Guatemala (Spanish: Presidente de Guatemala), officially known as the President of the Republic of Guatemala (Spanish: Presidente de la República de Guatemala), is the head of state and head of government of Guatemala, elected to a single four-year term. The position of President was created in 1839.

Requirements to hold office

According to article 185 of the constitution, the following is required to be president:

Under article 186, relatives of the incumbent president or vice president are not allowed to run in the succeeding election.

Duties and competences

According to article 183 of the constitution, the following duties and competences are conferred to the president:

Heads of state of Guatemala within the Federal Republic of Central America (1824–1839)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
1
Blank.png
Alejandro Diaz Cabeza de Vaca
(–)
Provisional
15 September 1824 12 October 1824 27 days Conservative
2
Blank.png
Juan Barrundia
(–)
12 October 1824 9 September 1826 1 year, 332 days Liberal
3
Blank.png
Cirilo Flores
(–)
Acting
9 September 1826 13 October 1826 34 days N/A
4
Blank.png
Jose Domingo Estrada
(–)
Acting
2 January 1827 1 March 1827 58 days Conservative
5
Aycinena.jpg
Mariano de Aycinena y Piñol
(1789–1855)
1 March 1827 12 April 1829 2 years, 42 days Conservative
6
Blank.png
Mario Zenteno
(–)
Provisional
13 April 1829 30 April 1829 17 days Conservative
7
Blank.png
Juan Francisco Barrundia y Cepeda
(–)
30 April 1829 23 August 1829 115 days Liberal
8
Pedro Molina Mazariegos.jpg
Pedro Molina Mazariegos
(1777–1854)
23 August 1829 10 February 1831 1 year, 171 days Liberal
9
Blank.png
José Gregorio Márquez
(–)
Acting
10 February 1831 28 August 1831 199 days N/A
10
Mariano Gálvez.jpg
Mariano Gálvez
(c. 1794–1862)
28 August 1831 3 March 1838 6 years, 187 days Liberal
11
Blank.png
Pedro José Valenzuela y Jáuregui
(–)
Acting
3 March 1838 29 July 1838 148 days N/A
12
Mariano Rivera Paz.jpg
Mariano Rivera Paz
(1804–1849)
Acting
29 July 1838 30 January 1839 185 days Conservative
13
Carlos Salazar Castro (San Salvador, 1800 - San José, 23 de julio de 1867) fue un militar liberal salvadoreño.jpg
Carlos Salazar Castro
(1800–1867)
Provisional
30 January 1839 13 April 1839 73 days N/A
14
Mariano Rivera Paz.jpg
Mariano Rivera Paz
(1804–1849)
Acting
13 April 1839 3 December 1839 234 days Conservative

Presidents of independent Guatemala (1839–present)

[a 1]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
1
Mariano Rivera Paz.jpg
Mariano Rivera Paz
(1804–1849)
3 December 1839 25 February 1842 2 years, 84 days Conservative
2
Jlrequenaguatemalapresd.jpg
José Venancio López
(1791–1863)
Acting
25 February 1842 14 May 1842 78 days Independent
3
Mariano Rivera Paz.jpg
Mariano Rivera Paz
(1804–1849)
14 May 1842 14 December 1844 2 years, 214 days Conservative
4
Carrerayturcios 2014-06-22 09-46.jpg
Rafael Carrera
(1814–1865)
14 December 1844 16 August 1848 3 years, 246 days Conservative
5
Juan Antonio Martinez presidente interino Guatemala.jpg
Juan Antonio Martínez
(?–1854)
Acting
16 August 1848 28 November 1848 104 days Conservative
6
Blank.png
José Bernardo Escobar
(1797–1849)
Acting
28 November 1848 1 January 1849 34 days Conservative
7
ParedesGuatemala.jpg
Mariano Peredes
(1800–1856)
Acting
1 January 1849 6 November 1851 2 years, 309 days Independent
8
Carrerayturcios 2014-06-22 09-46.jpg
Rafael Carrera
(1814–1865)
6 November 1851 14 April 1865 13 years, 159 days Conservative
9
Aycinenacolor.jpg
Pedro de Aycinena y Piñol
(1802–1897)
Acting
14 April 1865 24 May 1865 40 days Conservative
10
VicenteCerna.jpg
Vicente Cerna Sandoval
(1815–1885)
24 May 1865 29 June 1871 6 years, 36 days Conservative
11
MiguelGarcia.jpg
Miguel García Granados
(1809–1878)
29 June 1871 4 June 1873 1 year, 340 days Liberal
12
Justo Rufino Barrios.jpg
Justo Rufino Barrios
(1835–1885)
1873
1880
4 June 1873 2 April 1885 11 years, 302 days Liberal
13
Alejandrosinibaldi.jpg
Alejandro M. Sinibaldi
(1825–1896)
Acting
2 April 1885 5 April 1885 3 days Liberal
14
Barillas.jpg
Manuel Barillas
(1845–1907)
6 April 1885 15 March 1892 6 years, 345 days Liberal
15
Reina barrios3.jpg
José María Reina Barrios
(1854–1898)
1892 15 March 1892 8 February 1898 5 years, 330 days Liberal
16
Manuelestradaretrato.jpg
Manuel Estrada Cabrera
(1857–1924)
1898
1904
1910
1916
8 February 1898 15 April 1920 22 years, 67 days Liberal
17
CarlosHerrerayLuna.jpg
Carlos Herrera
(1856–1930)
1920 (Apr)
1920 (Aug)
15 April 1920 10 December 1921 1 year, 239 days Unionist Party
18
José María Orellana Pinto recortado.jpg
José María Orellana
(1872–1926)
1921
1922
10 December 1921 26 September 1926 4 years, 290 days Liberal
19
Lazarochacon1926.jpg
Lázaro Chacón González
(1873–1931)
1926 26 September 1926 12 December 1930 4 years, 77 days Unionist Party
Palma1923.jpg
Baudilio Palma
(1880–1930)
Acting
13 December 1930 17 December 1930 4 days Conservative
Orellanagala.jpg
Manuel María Orellana Contreras
(1870–1940)
De facto
17 December 1930 2 January 1931 16 days Liberal
20
Jose maria reina andrade.jpg
José María Reina Andrade
(1860–1947)
Acting
2 January 1931 14 February 1931 43 days Liberal
21
Ubico Castaneda, Jorge.jpg
Jorge Ubico
(1878–1946)
1931 14 February 1931 1 July 1944 13 years, 138 days Progressive Liberal Party
22
Federicoponcevaides.jpg
Juan Federico Ponce Vaides
(1889–1956)
Acting
1 July 1944 20 October 1944 111 days Progressive Liberal Party
23
Juntagobierno1944.jpg
Revolutionary Government Junta 20 October 1944 15 March 1945 146 days Military
24
JuanJoseArevaloBermejo - cropped.jpg
Juan José Arévalo
(1904–1990)
1944 15 March 1945 15 March 1951 6 years Revolutionary Action Party
25
Jacoboarbenz1950.jpg
Jacobo Árbenz
(1913–1971)
1950 15 March 1951 27 June 1954
(Deposed)
3 years, 104 days Revolutionary Action Party /
Party of the Guatemalan Revolution
26
Carlos Enrique Diaz.jpg
Carlos Enrique Díaz de León
(1915–2014)
Provisional President
27 June 1954 29 June 1954 2 days Military
27
Blank.png
Elfego Hernán Monzón Aguirre
(1912–1981)
Chairman of Military Junta
29 June 1954 8 July 1954 9 days Military
28
Carlos Castillo Armas (LOC 98512008, low-res) (cropped).jpg
Carlos Castillo Armas
(1914–1957)
1954 8 July 1954 26 July 1957 3 years, 18 days National Liberation Movement
29
Blank.png
Luis Arturo González López
(1900–1965)
Acting
27 July 1957 24 October 1957 89 days Independent
30
Oscar Mendoza Azurdia.png
Óscar Mendoza Azurdia
(1917–1995)
Chairman of Military Junta
24 October 1957 26 October 1957 2 days Military
31
Blank.png
Guillermo Flores Avendaño
(1894–1982)
Acting
26 October 1957 2 March 1958 129 days Military
32
Miguel Ydígoras Fuentes 1950.jpg
Miguel Ydígoras Fuentes
(1895–1982)
1958 2 March 1958 31 March 1963
(Deposed)
5 years, 29 days Military /
REDENCION
33
Enrique Peralta Azurdia (cropped).jpg
Enrique Peralta Azurdia
(1908–1997)
31 March 1963 1 July 1966 3 years, 92 days Institutional Democratic Party
34
Julio César Méndez Montenegro (1968).jpg
Julio César Méndez Montenegro
(1915–1996)
1966 1 July 1966 1 July 1970 4 years Revolutionary Party
35
Carlos Arana Osorio.png
Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio
(1918–2003)
1970 1 July 1970 1 July 1974 4 years Institutional Democratic Party
36
Kjell Laugerud.png
Kjell Eugenio Laugerud García
(1930–2009)
1974 1 July 1974 1 July 1978 4 years Institutional Democratic Party
37
Blank.png
Fernando Romeo Lucas García
(1924–2006)
1978 1 July 1978 23 March 1982 3 years, 265 days Institutional Democratic Party
38
Rios Montt.png
Efraín Ríos Montt
(1926–2018)
23 March 1982 8 August 1983 1 year, 138 days Military
39
Blank.png
Óscar Humberto Mejía Víctores
(1930–2016)
8 August 1983 14 January 1986 2 years, 159 days Military
40
Marco Vinicio Cerezo Arévalo DN-SN-86-05174.JPEG
Vinicio Cerezo
(born 1942)
1985 14 January 1986 14 January 1991 5 years Guatemalan Christian Democracy
41
Jorge Serrano Elías (cropped).jpg
Jorge Serrano Elías
(born 1945)
1990 14 January 1991 1 June 1993 2 years, 138 days Solidarity Action Movement
42
Blank.png
Gustavo Adolfo Espina Salguero
(born 1946)
Acting
1 June 1993 5 June 1993 4 days Solidarity Action Movement
43
León Carpio 1993.jpg
Ramiro de León Carpio
(1942–2002)
1993 6 June 1993 14 January 1996 2 years, 222 days Independent
44
AlvaroArzuIrigoyenFoto (cropped).jpg
Álvaro Arzú
(1946–2018)
1995–96 14 January 1996 14 January 2000 4 years National Advancement Party /
Unionist Party
45
Alfonso Portillo Cabrera.jpg
Alfonso Portillo
(born 1951)
1999 14 January 2000 14 January 2004 4 years Guatemalan Republican Front
46
Oscar Berger 2005 (cropped).jpg
Óscar Berger
(born 1946)
2003 14 January 2004 14 January 2008 4 years National Solidarity Party /
Grand National Alliance
47
Alvaro Colom Caballeros.jpg
Álvaro Colom
(born 1951)
2007 14 January 2008 14 January 2012 4 years National Unity of Hope
48
Otto Perez Molina at World Economic Forum 2013-cropped.jpg
Otto Pérez Molina
(born 1950)
2011 14 January 2012 3 September 2015 3 years, 232 days Patriotic Party /
Grand National Alliance
49
Alejandro Maldonado 2015 (cropped).jpg
Alejandro Maldonado
(born 1936)
Acting
3 September 2015 14 January 2016 133 days Independent
50
President Trump Meets with the President of Guatemala (49235087891) (cropped).jpg
Jimmy Morales
(born 1969)
2015 14 January 2016 14 January 2020 4 years National Convergence Front
51
Alejandro Giammattei (48934164796) (cropped).jpg
Alejandro Giammattei
(born 1956)
2019 14 January 2020 Incumbent
(Term ends on 14 January 2024)
2 years, 194 days Vamos

Latest election

Main article: 2019 Guatemalan general election

CandidateRunning matePartyFirst roundSecond round
Votes%Votes%
Sandra TorresCarlos Raúl MoralesNational Unity of Hope1,112,93925.421,384,04442.05
Alejandro GiammatteiGuillermo Castillo ReyesVamos608,08313.891,907,76757.95
Edmond MuletJorge PérezHumanist Party of Guatemala493,71011.28
Thelma CabreraNeftalí LópezMovement for the Liberation of Peoples452,26010.33
Roberto ArzúJosé Antonio FariasNational Advancement PartyPodemos267,0496.10
Isaac FarchiRicardo Flores AsturiasVision with Values259,6165.93
Manuel VillacortaIzabel HernándezWinaq229,3625.24
Estuardo GaldámezBetty Marroquín SilvaNational Convergence Front180,4144.12
Julio Héctor EstradaYara ArguetaCommitment, Renewal and Order165,0313.77
Fredy CabreraRicardo SagastumeTodos138,3333.16
Amílcar RiveraErico Can SaquicVictory111,9982.56
Pablo CetoBlanca Estela ColopGuatemalan National Revolutionary Unity94,5312.16
Pablo DuarteRoberto VilledaUnionist Party62,6791.43
Manfredo MarroquínOscar Adolfo MoralesEncuentro por Guatemala50,5941.16
Aníbal GarcíaCarlos PérezLibre41,8000.95
Benito MoralesClaudia Mariana ValienteConvergence37,5790.86
Luis Velásquez QuiroaArturo SotoUnidos26,9210.61
José Luis Chea UrruelaMario Guillermo GonzálezProductivity and Work Party23,9620.55
Danilo RocaManuel MartínezAvanza21,4100.49
Total4,378,271100.003,291,811100.00
Valid votes4,378,27186.863,291,81194.68
Invalid/blank votes662,15213.14184,9475.32
Total votes5,040,423100.003,476,758100.00
Registered voters/turnout8,150,22161.848,150,22142.66
Source: TSE, TSE

Notes

  1. ^ Note: Regarding the numbering of the terms, several reliable sources state that Jimmy Morales is the 50th president[2][3][4]

References

  1. ^ Rony Ríos (17 January 2017). "Jimmy Morales el presidente mejor pagado de Latinoamérica". elPeriódico. Archived from the original on 19 January 2018. Retrieved 19 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Jimmy Morales tomó la banda presidencial como el 50° Presidente de la República de Guatemala". TN23 (news station, original in video). 16 January 2016. Archived from the original on 12 December 2021. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  3. ^ "Jimmy Morales asume como nuevo presidente de Guatemala". CNN Español. 14 January 2016. Archived from the original on 4 February 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  4. ^ Tulio Juárez (17 March 2017). "¿Qué le obsequiaría usted este sábado al presidente Jimmy Morales en su 48 cumpleaños?". elPeriódico. Archived from the original on 5 April 2019. Retrieved 5 April 2019.