President of the Lao People's Democratic Republic
ປະທານປະເທດ ແຫ່ງ ສປປ ລາວ
Président de la République démocratique populaire lao
Coat of arms of Laos.svg
Flag of Laos.svg
Thongloun Sisoulith with Obamas cropped.jpg
Incumbent
Thongloun Sisoulith

since 22 March 2021
StyleHis Excellency
TypeHead of state
Member of
ResidencePresidential Palace, Vientiane
SeatVientiane
NominatorLao People's Revolutionary Party
AppointerNational Assembly
Term lengthFive years, no term limit
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Laos
Inaugural holderSouphanouvong
Formation2 December 1975
(46 years ago)
 (1975-12-02)
DeputyVice President
Salary1,170,000 Kip per month[1]

The president of the Lao People's Democratic Republic is the head of state of Laos. The current president is Thongloun Sisoulith, since 22 March 2021. He was previously elected as the General Secretary of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party, Laos' most powerful position in January 2021, ranking him first in the Politburo.

History

Background

The office of the President of the People's Democratic Republic traces its lineage back to Prince Souphanouvong, the first President of the People's Democratic Republic, a member of the deposed royal family and one of the Three Princes, who became President when the former Kingdom of Laos was overthrow by the Pathet Lao in 1975, at the end of the Laotian Civil War.


Duties and rights

Term limits

The president is elected by the National Assembly for a term of five years, with no term limits. A candidate must receive at least two-thirds support from lawmakers present and voting in order to be elected.

Role and authority

The president represents Laos internally and externally, supervises the work as well as preserving the stability of the national governmental system and safeguards the independence and territorial integrity of the country. The President appoints the prime minister, vice president, ministers and other officials with the consent of the National Assembly.

However, Laos is a one party Marxism–Leninism communist state. The highest and the most powerful political position is General Secretary of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party, not the President. The general secretary controls the Politburo and the Secretariat, Laos' top decision-making bodies, making the officeholder as de facto leader of Laos.

Additionally, the President is the commander-in-chief of the Lao People's Armed Forces. Since Laos is a one-party state, with the Lao People's Revolutionary Party as the only legally permitted party, all the presidents of the People's Democratic Republic have been members of the party while holding office.

Officeholders

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Election Prime minister(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
1
Souphanouvong1978.jpg
Souphanouvong
ສຸພານຸວົງ
(1909–1995)
2 December 1975 29 October 1986 10 years, 331 days None Kaysone Phomvihane
Placeholderportrait.jpg
Phoumi Vongvichit
ພູມີ ວົງວິຈິດ
(1909–1994)
Acting
29 October 1986 15 August 1991 4 years, 290 days None Kaysone Phomvihane
2
Kaysone Phomvihane 1978.jpg
Kaysone Phomvihane
ໄກສອນ ພົມວິຫານ
(1920–1992)
15 August 1991 21 November 1992 1 year, 98 days 1991 Khamtai Siphandon
3
Placeholderportrait.jpg
Nouhak Phoumsavanh
ໜູຮັກ ພູມສະຫວັນ
(1910–2008)
25 November 1992 24 February 1998 5 years, 91 days None Khamtai Siphandon
4
The Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh meeting with the President of Laos, Mr. Khamtay Siphandone at Vientiane in Laos on November 29, 2004 (cropped).jpg
Khamtai Siphandon
ຄຳໄຕ ສີພັນດອນ
(born 1924)
24 February 1998 8 June 2006 8 years, 104 days 1996

2001

Sisavath Keobounphanh

Bounnhang Vorachith

5
Choummaly Sayasone in Russia head pic.jpg
Choummaly Sayasone
ຈູມມະລີ ໄຊຍະສອນ
(born 1936)
8 June 2006 20 April 2016 9 years, 317 days 2006

2011

Bouasone Bouphavanh

Thongsing Thammavong

6
Bounnhang Vorachith 2016 (cropped).jpg
Bounnhang Vorachith
ບຸນຍັງ ວໍລະຈິດ
(born 1937)
20 April 2016 22 March 2021 4 years, 336 days 2016 Thongloun Sisoulith
7
Thongloun Sisoulith with Obamas cropped.jpg
Thongloun Sisoulith
ທອງລຸນ ສີສຸລິດ
(born 1945)
22 March 2021 Incumbent 1 year, 109 days 2021 Phankham Viphavanh

List of First Ladies

Main article: First Lady of Laos

Officeholders

No. Portrait Name
(Birth-Death)
Term of office Spouse
m.
Took office Left office Time in office
1
No image (female).svg
Nguyen Thi Ky Nam
(1910–2003)
2 December 1975 29 October 1986 10 years, 331 days Souphanouvong
m.1938
-
No image (female).svg
Khamsouk Vongvichitr
(190?–1999)
Acting
29 October 1986 15 August 1991 4 years, 290 days Phoumi Vongvichit
m.????
2
No image (female).svg
Thongvin Phomvihane
(born 1938)
15 August 1991 21 November 1992 1 year, 98 days Kaysone Phomvihane
m.????
3 Vacant 25 November 1992 24 February 1998 5 years, 91 days Nouhak Phoumsavanh
4 Vacant 24 February 1998 8 June 2006 8 years, 104 days Khamtai Siphandone
5
No image (female).svg
Keosaychay Sayasone
(1958–2021)
8 June 2006 20 April 2016 9 years, 317 days Choummaly Sayasone
m.1993
6
No image (female).svg
Khammeung Vorachit
(born 1940)
20 April 2016 22 March 2021 4 years, 336 days Bounnhang Vorachit
m.????
7
No image (female).svg
Naly Sisoulith
(born 1947)
22 March 2021 Incumbent 1 year, 109 days Thongloun Sisoulith
m.????

See also

References

Specific

  1. ^ (in Japanese)Bouangeun Ounnalath. "Comparison on Salary System for Government between Lao PDR and Japan" (PDF). Retrieved 18 July 2019.

Bibliography

Books:

Journal articles:

Report: