President of the Lao People's Democratic Republic
ປະທານປະເທດ ແຫ່ງ ສປປ ລາວ
Emblem of Laos.svg
Flag of Laos.svg
Thongloun Sisoulith with Obamas cropped.jpg
Thongloun Sisoulith
since 22 March 2021
StyleHis Excellency
TypeHead of state
Member of
ResidencePresidential Palace, Vientiane
NominatorLao People's Revolutionary Party
AppointerNational Assembly
Term lengthFive years, no term limit
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Laos
Inaugural holderSouphanouvong
Formation2 December 1975
(47 years ago)
DeputyVice President
Salary1,170,000 Kip per month[1]

The president of the Lao People's Democratic Republic is the head of state of Laos. The current president is Thongloun Sisoulith, since 22 March 2021. He was previously elected as the General Secretary of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party, Laos' most powerful position in January 2021, ranking him first in the Politburo.



The office of the President of the People's Democratic Republic traces its lineage back to Prince Souphanouvong, the first President of the People's Democratic Republic, a member of the deposed royal family and one of the Three Princes, who became President when the former Kingdom of Laos was overthrow by the Pathet Lao in 1975, at the end of the Laotian Civil War.

Duties and rights

Term limits

The president is elected by the National Assembly for a term of five years, with no term limits. A candidate must receive at least two-thirds support from lawmakers present and voting in order to be elected.

Role and authority

The president represents Laos internally and externally, supervises the work as well as preserving the stability of the national governmental system and safeguards the independence and territorial integrity of the country. The President appoints the prime minister, vice president, ministers and other officials with the consent of the National Assembly.

However, Laos is a one party Marxism–Leninism communist state. The highest and the most powerful political position is General Secretary of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party, not the President. The general secretary controls the Politburo and the Secretariat, Laos' top decision-making bodies, making the officeholder as de facto leader of Laos.

Additionally, the President is the commander-in-chief of the Lao People's Armed Forces. Since Laos is a one-party state, with the Lao People's Revolutionary Party as the only legally permitted party, all the presidents of the People's Democratic Republic have been members of the party while holding office.

List of presidents

No. Portrait Name
Term of office Election Prime minister(s)
Took office Left office Time in office
2 December 1975 29 October 1986 10 years, 331 days None Kaysone Phomvihane
Phoumi Vongvichit
ພູມີ ວົງວິຈິດ
29 October 1986 15 August 1991 4 years, 290 days None Kaysone Phomvihane
Kaysone Phomvihane 1978.jpg
Kaysone Phomvihane
ໄກສອນ ພົມວິຫານ
15 August 1991 21 November 1992 1 year, 98 days 1991 Khamtai Siphandon
3 Nouhak Phoumsavanh
ໜູຮັກ ພູມສະຫວັນ
25 November 1992 24 February 1998 5 years, 91 days None Khamtai Siphandon
The Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh meeting with the President of Laos, Mr. Khamtay Siphandone at Vientiane in Laos on November 29, 2004 (cropped).jpg
Khamtai Siphandon
ຄຳໄຕ ສີພັນດອນ
(born 1924)
24 February 1998 8 June 2006 8 years, 104 days 1996


Sisavath Keobounphanh

Bounnhang Vorachith

Choummaly Sayasone in Russia head pic.jpg
Choummaly Sayasone
ຈູມມະລີ ໄຊຍະສອນ
(born 1936)
8 June 2006 20 April 2016 9 years, 317 days 2006


Bouasone Bouphavanh

Thongsing Thammavong

Bounnhang Vorachith 2016 (cropped).jpg
Bounnhang Vorachit
ບຸນຍັງ ວໍລະຈິດ
(born 1938)
20 April 2016 22 March 2021 4 years, 336 days 2016 Thongloun Sisoulith
Thongloun Sisoulith with Obamas cropped.jpg
Thongloun Sisoulith
ທອງລຸນ ສີສຸລິດ
(born 1945)
22 March 2021 Incumbent 2 years, 74 days 2021 Phankham Viphavanh

See also



  1. ^ (in Japanese)Bouangeun Ounnalath. "Comparison on Salary System for Government between Lao PDR and Japan" (PDF). Retrieved 18 July 2019.



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