The President of Tajikistan is the Head of State and highest position within the Government of Tajikistan. The position of President was created in November 1990 while Tajikistan was still a Soviet Republic. The president of Tajikistan lives in the capital, Dushanbe.

History of the Presidency

The first president of Tajikistan was Qahhor Mahkamov, who held the position of First Secretary of the Communist Party of Tajikistan and was appointed President of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic in November 1990. Mahkamov served both as First Secretary and President but was forced to resign in August 1991 due to the unpopularity of his support for the August Coup of 1991 in Moscow and the resulting street demonstrations in Dushanbe. From 1991 to 1992 the post of the president changed hands several times due to the political changes and uncertainly following the dissolution of the Soviet Union and ensuing social unrest and violence in the Tajikistan Civil War. Since 1992 Emomali Rahmonov has held the position of the presidency. The last presidential elections were last held in 1999. Presidential elections in Tajikistan have consistently been criticized by international observers as unfair and favoring the ruling party.

Constitutional role

The President of the Republic of Tajikistan is the head of the state and the Chairman of the Government - the highest executive body of the country. The President of the Republic of Tajikistan is elected by national vote for the seven year term and could be re-elected only once. The President is also a Commander in Chief of the National Army. The office of the President consisting of 5 departments and 24 offices is the executive arm of the President, including, inter alia, the following are the most important ones:

In addition to the executive office of the President, there is a Security Council and five State Advisors, including the State Advisor on Economic Issues, State Advisor on International Affairs, State Advisor on Science and Social issues, State Advisor on Public Affairs, Information and Culture and State Advisor on Defense and Law Enforcement.

Leaders of Tajikistan (1924-1991)

Tajik Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (1925-1929)

Executive Secretaries of the Tajik Provincial Committee Communist Party

Chairman of the Central Executive Committee

Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic (1929-1991)

First Secretaries of the Tajik Communist Party

Chairmen of the Central Executive Committee

Chairman of the Supreme Soviet

Chairmen of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

Presidents

The first column consecutively numbers the individuals who have served as president, while the second column consecutively numbers the Presidential terms or administrations.

I# A# Name Picture Took office Left office Political party
Presidents of the Republic of Tajikistan
1st 1st Kakhar Makhkamovich Makhkamov 30 November 1990 31 August 1991 Communist
During this interval, Kadreddin Aslonovich Aslonov was the Acting President.
2nd 2nd Rakhmon Nabiyevich Nabiyev 23 September 1990 6 October 1991 Communist
During this interval, Akbarsho Iskandarovich Iskandarov was the Acting President.
2nd 2nd Rakhmon Nabiyevich Nabiyev 2 December 1991 7 September 1992 Communist
During this interval, Akbarsho Iskandarovich Iskandarov was the Acting President.
post abolished
Chairman of the Supreme Assembly of the Republic of Tajikistan
Imomali Sharipovich Rakhmonov 20 November 1992 16 November 1994 People's Democratic
Presidents of the Republic of Tajikistan
post restored
3rd 3rd Imomali Sharipovich Rakhmonov 16 November 1994 6 November 1999 People's Democratic
4th 6 November 1999 6 November 2006
5th 6 November 2006 Incumbent

Republic of Tajikistan (1991-Present)

Last election results

Template:Tajikistan presidential election, 2006