President of the Republic of Tajikistan
Президенти Тоҷикистон
Президент Таджикистана
Presidential standard
Emomali Rahmon
since 16 November 1994
TypeHead of state
ResidencePalace of the Nation, Dushanbe
AppointerPopular vote
Term length7 years
renewable optional
Formation30 November 1990
First holderQahhor Mahkamov
SuccessionChairman of the National Assembly[1]
Salary144,144 Tajikistani somoni/13,200 USD annually[2][3]

The president of Tajikistan is the head of state and de facto head of government of the Republic of Tajikistan. The president heads the executive branch of the country's government and is the commander in chief of the Armed Forces of Tajikistan.

History of the presidency

The first president of Tajikistan was Qahhor Mahkamov, who held the position of First Secretary of the Communist Party of Tajikistan and was appointed President of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic in November 1990. Mahkamov served both as First Secretary and President but was forced to resign in August 1991 due to the unpopularity of his support for the August Coup of 1991 in Moscow and the resulting street demonstrations in Dushanbe. From 1991 to 1992 the post of the president changed hands several times due to the political changes and uncertainty following the dissolution of the Soviet Union and ensuing social unrest and violence in the Tajikistani Civil War. Since 1994, Emomali Rahmon has held the position of the presidency. The presidential elections were last held in 2020. Presidential elections in Tajikistan have consistently been criticized by international observers as unfair and favoring the ruling party.

Constitutional role

The president of Tajikistan is the head of the state and the de facto head of government, making him/her the highest ranking chief government official in the country. The president is elected by a national vote and was historically limited to one seven-year term which can only be renewed once, until the abolishment of term limits. The president is also the supreme commander-in-chief of the Tajik National Army. In addition to the executive office of the president, there is a Security Council that advises the president on matters of national security. As Supreme Commander-in-Chief, he also is entitled to use the Center for the Management of the Armed Forces (opened on National Army Day in 2018), which would serve as the main military command center for the president, similarly to the Russian Armed Forces National Defense Management Center.[4]

Executive office

The office of the president consisting of 5 departments and 24 offices is the executive arm of the president, including, inter alia, the following are the most important ones:

The president also has five state advisors who aide the president on policy issues:

Presidential standard

The standard of the president of the Republic of Tajikistan is the official symbol of the office of president in the country. It was made a legal state symbol in accordance with an amendment to Law No. 192 on July 28, 2006.[5] It was introduced in time for the inauguration ceremony for Emomali Rahmon in his third term as head of state. The standard is a rectangular panel consisting of three horizontally arranged color bars which are similar to the colors on the Flag of Tajikistan. In it, there is a symbolic Derafsh Kaviani banner the center, with its upper part having spear, symbolizing the will and power of the authorities for the defense of the country. The banner is four-sided and has four branches inside (which represents the four regions of Tajikistan), while the center depicts a winged lion with a crown and seven stars, which are the basis of the emblem of Tajikistan. The Derafsh Kaviani is embroidered with two gold threads on both sides of the standard.


Since 2008, the Palace of Nations (also called the Kohi Millat or the White House) has been the official residence of the president of Tajikistan. The president often receives foreign dignitaries and public official at the palace, as well as holds public events at its main hall. Its construction was dedicated to Tajik historic king Ismail Samani. It opened in August 2008, hosting an SCO summit in its first day. The palace is portrayed on the back of a 500 Somoni banknote.[6]

Up until 2008, the presidential residence was located in a different location, in building that was built in 1957 (to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the October Revolution),[7][8] and formerly served as the headquarters of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Tajikistan.[9] In the Soviet era, it had hosted dignitaries such as Raul Castro, Ho Chi Minh, Nikita Khrushchev, Leonid Brezhnev, and Boris Yeltsin.[10] In 2017, the building became the temporary office of the Mayor of Dushanbe.[11] It became the presidential residence in 1992.[12][13][14] In February 2020, it was announced that the former palace would be demolished.

Selection process


The president of Tajikistan is elected for a seven-year term (Exception for Founder of peace and national Unity — Leader of the Nation) using the two-round system; if no candidate receives over 50% of all votes cast,[15] a second round is held between 15 and 31 days later between the two candidates who received the most votes. For the result to be validated, voter turnout must exceed 50%; if it falls below the threshold, fresh elections will be held.[15]

Latest election

Main article: 2020 Tajik presidential election

Inauguration ceremony

The inauguration ceremony takes place at the Kokhi Somon Palace in Dushanbe. Following the ceremony, a military parade of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Tajikistan is held on Dousti Square. The minister of defence reads the oath of the allegiance to the Supreme Commander-in-Chief during the ceremony before the troops of the National Army march off.[16] A 30-gun salute is fired to mark the occasion.[17] The following years saw inauguration ceremonies held:[citation needed]

List of presidents of Tajikistan

Main article: List of leaders of Tajikistan

See also


  1. ^ "Tajikistan: Succession process near close as president's son named Senate chair | Eurasianet".
  2. ^ "Зарплаты президентов - Новости Таджикистана ASIA-Plus". Archived from the original on 3 June 2019.
  3. ^ "Сколько зарабатывает Путин и президенты других стран /".
  4. ^ "Error".
  5. ^ "Закон Республики Таджикистан от 28 июля 2006 года № 192 "О символах Президента Республики Таджикистан"". Archived from the original on 25 October 2007. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  7. ^ "Former presidential palace in Dushanbe will be demolished". 12 February 2020. Archived from the original on 27 October 2021.
  9. ^ "В Душанбе готовят к сносу бывший президентский дворец. ВИДЕО". Радио Озоди (in Russian). Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  10. ^ Inoyatova, Sher Khashimov,Tahmina. "Transforming Tajikistan: Between a Soviet past and a Tajik future". Retrieved 19 April 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  11. ^ Dushanbe, Esfandiar Adineh in (19 October 2017). "Demolishing Dushanbe: how the former city of Stalinabad is erasing its Soviet past". the Guardian. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  12. ^ "В Душанбе приступили к сносу Дворца президента Таджикистана". (in Russian). Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  13. ^ "Бывший президентский дворец в Душанбе почти полностью снесен | Новости Таджикистана ASIA-Plus". Archived from the original on 9 April 2023.
  14. ^ "В столице Таджикистана сносят бывший президентский дворец – фото". (in Russian). 11 September 2020. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  15. ^ a b Elections in Tajikistan: November 6 Presidential Elections: Frequently Asked Questions IFES
  16. ^ "Трансляция с площади "Дусти" города Душанбе по случаю инаугурации Президента Республики Таджикистан". YouTube. Archived from the original on 27 November 2020. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  17. ^ "Emomali Rahmon sworn in as President of the Republic of Tajikistan". Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  18. ^ "Эмомали Рахмон в пятый раз присягнул на верность народу и Конституции Таджикистана". (in Russian). Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  19. ^ "Маросими Савгандёдкунии Президенти Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон Э.Ш.Раҳмонов | Президенти Тоҷикистон - President of Tajikistan - Президент Таджикистана - رئيس جمهورية تاجيكستان". Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  20. ^ "Tajik President Sworn In For Fourth Term". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  21. ^ "Everyone should watch presidential inauguration ceremony | Tajikistan News ASIA-Plus". Retrieved 3 November 2020.