|President of the|
Democratic Republic of the Congo
|Président de la République démocratique du Congo (French)|
Rais wa Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Kongo (Swahili)
Mokonzi wa Republíki ya Kongó Demokratíki (Lingala)
|Type||Head of state|
|Residence||Palais de la Nation, Kinshasa|
|Term length||5 years,|
|Formation||30 June 1960|
|First holder||Joseph Kasavubu|
|Website||Official website of the President of the DRC|
|United Nations Mission|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo portal|
The president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (French: Président de la République démocratique du Congo, Swahili: Rais wa Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Kongo, Lingala: Mokonzi wa Republíki ya Kongó Demokratíki), is the head of state of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
The position of president in the DRC has existed since the first constitution – known as The Fundamental Law – of 1960. However the powers of this position have varied over the years, from a limited shared role in the executive branch, with a prime minister, to a full-blown dictatorship. Under the current constitution, the President exists as the highest institution in a semi-presidential republic. The president is protected by the Republican Guard.The constitutional mandate of the then president, Joseph Kabila, was due to expire on 20 December 2016 but was initially extended by him until the end of 2017 and he continued to remain in post until a presidential election was held in December 2018 when Félix Tshisekedi was elected and took office on 24 January 2019.
The semi-presidential system established by the constitution is largely borrowed from the French constitution. Although it is the prime minister and parliament that oversee much of the nation's actual lawmaking, the president wields significant influence, both formally and from constitutional convention. The president holds the nation's most senior office, and outranks all other politicians.
The president is able to choose the prime minister. However, the President must nominate the prime minister from among the parliamentary majority after consultation with the parliamentary majority, if an obvious majority exists, and if it does not exist, must nominate a prime minister who has a once renewable 30 day exploratory mandate to form a coalition. The prime minister and cabinet must present their plan of action to the National Assembly, which must approve the government and the plan of action by an absolute majority. Only the National Assembly has the power to dismiss the Prime Minister's government.
Among the formal powers of the president:
Article 72 of the Congolese constitution states that the President must be a natural-born citizen – or more accurately: French: citoyen d'origine – of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and at least 30 years of age. Additionally, the President must be free of any legal constraints on their civil and political rights.
Article 10 of the same constitution defines citoyen d'origine as : "anyone belonging to the ethnic groups whose persons and territory constituted what became the Congo (currently the Democratic Republic of the Congo), at independence".
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Orders of succession
Articles 75 and 76 of the constitution state that upon the death or resignation of the President, the vacancy of the position is declared by the Constitutional court. The President of the Senate then becomes interim president.
The Independent Electoral Commission has to organize elections between sixty (60) and ninety (90) days after the official declaration of vacancy by the Constitutional court.
The official office of the president is the Palais de la Nation (Palace of the Nation) in Kinshasa.The official residence of the president is the Camp Tshatshi Palace in Kinshasa, although it has not been used since it was looted in 1997. Other presidential residences include:
Under the 2006 constitution, the President is directly elected to a five-year term – renewable only once – by universal suffrage. The first President to have been elected under these provisions is Joseph Kabila, in the 2006 elections.
After the president is elected, he goes through a solemn investiture ceremony.
Main article: 2018 Democratic Republic of the Congo general election
|Félix Tshisekedi||Union for Democracy and Social Progress||7,051,013||38.56|
|Martin Fayulu||Dynamic of Congolese Political Opposition||6,366,732||34.82|
|Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary||Independent||4,357,359||23.83|
|Radjabho Tebabho Soborabo||Congolese United for Reform||70,249||0.38|
|Vital Kamerhe||Union for the Congolese Nation||51,380||0.28|
|Pierre Honoré Kazadi Lukonda Ngube-Ngube||People's Front for Justice||44,019||0.24|
|Theodore Ngoy Ilunga wa Nsenga||Independent||43,697||0.24|
|Freddy Matungulu||Our Congo||33,273||0.18|
|Marie-Josée Ifoku||Alliance of Elites for a New Congo||27,313||0.15|
|Jean-Philibert Mabaya||Rainbow of Congo||26,907||0.15|
|Samy Badibanga||The Progressives||26,722||0.15|
|Alain Daniel Shekomba||Independent||26,611||0.15|
|Noël K. Tshiani Muadiamvita||Independent||23,548||0.13|
|Yves Mpunga||Premier Political Force||18,976||0.10|
|Tryphon Kin-Kiey Mulumba||Independent||16,596||0.09|
|Gabriel Mokia Mandembo||Movement of Congolese Democrats||15,778||0.09|
|Sylvain Maurice Masheke||Independent||14,337||0.08|
|Source: African Union[a]|