President of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia
Emblem of the Party
SeatUšće Towers, Belgrade
(1965–1990)
AppointerCentral Committee
PrecursorCollective leadership
(1919–1934)
FormationDecember 1934
First holderMilan Gorkić[a]
Final holderMilan Pančevski[b]
Abolished30 June 1990

The President of the Presidency of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, formerly the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia, was the leader of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia.

As chairman of the Central Committee, the President was the de facto leader of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The longest serving officeholder was Josip Broz Tito, serving from 1939[c] to his death in 1980.[2]

Collective leadership (1919–1934)

No. Portrait Name Took office Left office Time in office Central Committee
(Term)
Political Secretaries (1919–1921)
1
Filipović, FilipFilip Filipović
(1878–1938)
April 1919August 19212 years, 4 months1st
(1919–1920)
2nd
(1920–1926)
1
Topalović, ŽivkoŽivko Topalović
(1886–1972)
April 1919June 19201 year, 7 months1st
(1919–1920)
2
Marković, SimaSima Marković
(1888–1939)
June 1920August 19219 months2nd
(1920–1926)
Organizational Secretary (1919–1921)
1
Ćopić, VladimirVladimir Ćopić
(1891–1939)
April 1919August 19212 years, 4 months1st
(1919–1920)
2nd
(1920–1926)
After being banned in 1921, the Alternative Central Party Leadership, formed in June 1921, assumed leadership:
Alternative Central Party Leadership (1921–1922)
3
Novaković, KostaKosta Novaković
(1886–1939)
August 1921July 192211 months2nd
(1920–1926)
3
Kaclerović, TrišaTriša Kaclerović
(1879–1964)
August 1921July 192211 months2nd
(1920–1926)
3
Pijade, MošaMoša Pijade
(1890–1957)
August 1921July 192211 months2nd
(1920–1926)
A split in the leadership led to the formation of the Executive Committee in Emigration in opposition to the leadership:
Executive Committee of the Communist Party in Emigration (1921–1922)
4
Marković, SimaSima Marković
(1888–1939)
September 1921July 192210 months
The factions were reunited at the First State Conference held in Vienna, Austria in July 1922.
Secretaries (1922–1926)
5
Marković, SimaSima Marković
(1888–1939)
July 1922May 192310 months2nd
(1920–1926)
6
Kaclerović, TrišaTriša Kaclerović
(1879–1964)
May 1923May 19263 years2nd
(1920–1926)
Political Secretary (1926–1928)
7
Marković, SimaSima Marković
(1888–1939)
May 1926April 19281 year, 11 months3rd
(1926–1928)
Organizational Secretary (1926–1928)
7
Vujović, RadomirRadomir Vujović
(1895–1938)
May 1926April 19281 year, 11 months3rd
(1926–1928)
The Central Committee was deposed in April 1928 by the Comintern and replaced by a temporary leadership:
Temporary Leadership (1928)
8
Đaković, ĐuroĐuro Đaković
(1886–1929)
April 1928November 19287 months
Political Secretary (1928–1930)
9
Mališić, JovanJovan Mališić
(1902–1939)
November 1928August 19301 year, 9 months4th
(1928–1934)
Organizational Secretary (1928–1929)
9
Đaković, ĐuroĐuro Đaković
(1886–1929)
December 192825 April 19295 months4th
(1928–1934)
Since 1930 the party leadership was in exile in Vienna, Austria with no contact to the country until 1934.

Officeholders (1934–1990)

Political Secretary of the Central Committee (1934–1936)

No. Portrait Political Secretary Took office Left office Time in office Central Committee
(Term)
1
Gorkić, MilanMilan Gorkić
(1904–1937)
December 1934November 19361 year, 11 months4th
(1934–1940)

General Secretary of the Central Committee (1936–1964)

No. Portrait General Secretary Took office Left office Time in office Central Committee
(Term)
1
Gorkić, MilanMilan Gorkić
(1904–1937)
November 193623 October 193711 months4th
(1934–1940)
2
Tito, Josip BrozJosip Broz Tito
(1892–1980)
March 193913 August 196425 years, 5 months4th
(1934–1940)
5th
(1940–1948)
6th
(1948–1958)
7th
(1958–1964)

President of the Presidency (1964–1990)

No. Portrait President Took office Left office Time in office Central Committee
(Term)
Represented
1
Tito, Josip BrozJosip Broz Tito
(1892–1980)
13 August 19644 May 1980 †15 years, 265 days8th
(1964–1969)
9th
(1969–1974)
10th
(1974–1978)
11th
(1978–1982)
2
Doronjski, StevanStevan Doronjski
(1919–1981)
4 May 198020 October 1980169 days11th
(1978–1982)
LC Vojvodina
3
Mojsov, LazarLazar Mojsov
(1920–2011)
20 October 198020 October 19811 year, 0 days11th
(1978–1982)
LC Macedonia
4
Dragosavac, DušanDušan Dragosavac
(1919–2014)
20 October 198129 June 1982252 days11th
(1978–1982)
LC Croatia
5
Ribičič, MitjaMitja Ribičič
(1919–2013)
29 June 198230 June 19831 year, 1 day12th
(1982–1986)
LC Slovenia
6
Marković, DragoslavDragoslav Marković
(1920–2005)
30 June 198326 June 1984362 days12th
(1982–1986)
LC Serbia
7
Shukriu, AliAli Shukriu
(1919–2005)
26 June 198425 June 1985364 days12th
(1982–1986)
LC Kosovo
8
Žarković, VidojeVidoje Žarković
(1927–2000)
25 June 198528 June 19861 year, 3 days12th
(1982–1986)
LC Montenegro
9
Renovica, MilankoMilanko Renovica
(1928–2013)
28 June 198630 June 19871 year, 2 days13th
(1986–1990)
LC Bosnia and Herzegovina
10
Krunić, BoškoBoško Krunić
(1929–2017)
30 June 198730 June 19881 year, 0 days13th
(1986–1990)
LC Vojvodina
11
Šuvar, StipeStipe Šuvar
(1936–2004)
30 June 198817 May 1989321 days13th
(1986–1990)
LC Croatia
12
Pančevski, MilanMilan Pančevski
(1935–2019)
17 May 198930 June 19901 year, 44 days13th
(1986–1990)
LC Macedonia

Notes

  1. ^ As Political Secretary of the Central Committee.
  2. ^ As President of the Presidency.
  3. ^ The official 40th anniversary of Tito's assumption of the party leadership was held through Yugoslavia in May 1977.[1]

See also

References

  1. ^ Michael Dobbs (26 May 1977). "At 85, Tito Looks Healthy and Wealthy, Is Called Wise". The Washington Post. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  2. ^ Michael Dobbs (5 May 1980). "President Tito Dies". The Washington Post. Retrieved 12 August 2021.