Presidential Cabinet

1st Cabinet of Indonesia
Indonesian Government (Executive Branch)
Date formed19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)
Date dissolved14 November 1945 (1945-11-14)
People and organisations
Head of stateSukarno
Head of governmentSukarno
No. of ministers24
History
SuccessorSjahrir I

The Presidential Cabinet (Indonesian: Kabinet Presidensial) was the first cabinet established by Indonesia following the 17 August 1945 Indonesian Declaration of Independence. It comprised 20 ministers and four officials. Its term of office ran from 2 September to 14 November 1945.

Background

Pamphlet announcing Sukarno's Presidential Cabinet and Indonesia's provincial governors.
Pamphlet announcing Sukarno's Presidential Cabinet and Indonesia's provincial governors.

Indonesian had been under Japanese occupation since 1942, but by 1943, realizing they were losing the war, the Japanese appointed Indonesian advisors (sanyo) to the administration and appointed nationalist leader Sukarno leader of a new Central Advisory Board (Chuo Sani-kai) in Jakarta[1] On 7 August, the day after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (Indonesian: Panitia Persiapan Kemerdekaan Indonesia) or PPKI was established. Sukarno was chairman, and Hatta vice-chairman. On 19 August 1945, this body created 12 ministries for Indonesia's first cabinet. The cabinet as formed contained sanyo as well as officials who had not worked with the Japanese. The cabinet was responsible to President Sukarno.[2][3]

Composition

President

Ministers

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Minister of Home AffairsR. A. A. Muharam Wiranatakusumah19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14) Independent
Minister of Foreign AffairsAchmad Subardjo19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14) Independent
Minister of People's SecuritySoeprijadi6 October 1945 (1945-10-06)20 October 1945 (1945-10-20) Independent
Muhammad Soeljoadikusuma20 October 1945 (1945-10-20)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14) Independent
Minister of JusticeProf. Soepomo19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14) Independent
Minister of FinanceSamsi Sastrawidagda19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)22 September 1945 (1945-09-22) Independent
A. A. Maramis22 September 1945 (1945-09-22)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14) Independent
Minister of EducationKi Hadjar Dewantara19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14) Independent
Minister of HealthDr. Boentaran Martoatmodjo19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14) Independent
Minister of Social AffairsIwa Kusumasumantri19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14) Independent
Minister of InformationAmir Sjarifuddin19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14) Independent
Minister of TransportationAbikusno Tjokrosujuso19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14) Independent
Minister of WelfareR. P. Soerachman19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14) Independent
Minister of Public WorksAbikusno Tjokrosujuso19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14) Independent
Deputy Minister of Home AffairsHarmani19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14) Independent
Deputy Minister of InformationAli Sastroamidjojo19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14) Independent
State MinisterMohammad Amir19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14) Independent
State MinisterWahid Hasyim19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14) Independent
State MinisterSartono19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14) Independent
State MinisterA. A. Maramis19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14) Independent
State MinisterMohammad Amir19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14) Independent
State MinisterOto Iskandar di Nata19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)14 November 1945 (1945-11-14) Independent

Officials With the Rank of Minister

Changes

On 22 September 1945, Finance Minister Samsi was replaced by A. A. Maramis on health grounds. In a government decree on 6 October, Soeprijadi, a hero of the Blitar rebellion against the occupying Japanese, was officially appointed Defense Minister. However, as no news was ever heard of him, on 20 October Muhammad Soeljoadikusuma was appointed ad interim Defense Minister. Attorney General Gatot Tarunamihardja resigned on 24 October. As a temporary measure, Chief Justice Kusumah Atmaja was appointed acting Attorney General. Kasman Singodiedjo was appointed to the post on 7 November.

The end of the cabinet

On 11 November 1945, the Central Indonesian National Committee, which was the de facto legislature, demanded the cabinet be responsible to it, not to President Sukarno. Sukarno agreed to this and dismissed the cabinet.[4]

References

Notes

  1. ^ Ricklefs (1982) p193
  2. ^ Kahin (1952) p139
  3. ^ Simanjuntak (2003) pp. 16-17
  4. ^ Kahin (1952) pp 168-169